Electoral system for national legislature - Hungary

Country: 
Hungary
Question: 
Electoral system for national legislature
Answer: 
MMP
Comments: 

199 candidates are elected by two methods: 106 are elected in SMDs using FPTP system, 93 are elected from a national list using the closed List PR system. The electoral threshold is set at 5%, and this is raised to 10% for coalitions of two parties and 15% for coalitions of three or more parties (see Section 14 of the Election Law). Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method.

Source: 

Act CCIII of 2011 on the Elections of Members of Parliament (as of 3 March 2014)

3. Number of Members of Parliament

Section 3. (1) The number of Members of Parliament shall be one hundred and ninety-nine.

(2) One hundred and six Members of Parliament shall be elected in single-member constituencies and ninety-three from national lists.

6. Drawing up National Lists

Section 7. National list may be drawn up as a party list or national minority list.

7. Voting

Section 11. The elections of Members of Parliament shall be held in one round.

Section 12. (1) Voters with residence in Hungary may vote for

a) one candidate in any single-member constituency and

b) one party list.

(2) Voters with residence in Hungary who are enrolled on the electoral register as national

minority voters may vote for

a) one candidate in any single-member constituency and

b) the list of their national minority or, in the absence thereof, for one party list.

(3) Voters without residence in Hungary may vote for one party list.

8. Determination of Election Results

Section 13. The candidate who received the majority of valid votes shall be the Member of Parliament for the particular single-member constituency.

Section 14. (1) No mandate may be won by a party list which failed to reach at least five percent of all valid votes for party lists and national minority lists.

(2) No mandate may be won by a joint party list which failed to reach at least ten or, in the case of a joint party list drawn up by more than two political parties, fifteen percent of all valid votes for party lists and national minority lists.

(3) No mandate may be won by a national minority list which failed to reach the number of votes required for winning a preferential national minority mandate (hereinafter: preferential quota) determined by Section 16d).