28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties? - Uzbekistan

Country: 
Uzbekistan
Question: 
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
Answer: 
Yes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
Source: 

II. State funding of political parties
Article 7. State funding of the statutory activities of political parties
The political party has the right to receive state funds to finance its statutory activities if, following the results of the elections to the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan (hereinafter - the Legislative Chamber), it has received the necessary number of seats for the formation of a political party faction in the Legislative Chamber in accordance with the Constitutional Law Republic of Uzbekistan "On the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan".
The annual amount of allocated state funds for financing the statutory activity of political parties is formed from the calculation of two percent of the minimum wage set for on January 1 of the year preceding the year of allocation of these funds, multiplied by the number of citizens included in the voters lists in the latest elections to the Legislative Chamber.
The state funds specified in part two of this article on the basis of the results of the latest elections to the Legislative Chamber determined by the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan are distributed by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan between political parties entitled to receive them in proportion to the number of seats they receive in the Legislative Chamber according to the order determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

Article 8. State funding for the participation of political parties in elections to the Legislative Chamber and other representative bodies of state power


Financing of the participation of political parties in elections to the Legislative Chamber and other representative bodies of state power is carried out in accordance with the established procedure only at the expense of public funds allocated for these purposes. Financing and other material support of political parties in elections at the expense of other means is prohibited.
The amount of state funds allocated to finance the participation of political parties in elections to the Legislative Chamber, per one candidate for deputies, is determined by the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
State funds for financing the participation of a political party in elections to the Legislative Chamber are transferred in the established order to the savings account of a political party after registration of candidates nominated to the Legislative Chamber nominated from this party in the amount corresponding to the number of registered candidates.
State funds allocated to finance the participation of political parties in elections to the Legislative Chamber should be spent by the political party on:
publication of means of electoral visual campaigning;
the organization of speeches for candidates for deputies of the Legislative Chamber on television, radio broadcasting and in other mass media;
the organization of meetings of candidates for deputies of the Legislative Chamber with voters;
the organization of work of proxies of candidates for deputies of the Legislative Chamber and other assets involved in election campaigning directly in the constituency;
all-party events for the conduct of the election campaign.
If, following the results of the elections to the Legislative Chamber, the political party has not received the necessary number of seats for the formation of a faction, then the state funds allocated for financing the participation of a political party in elections to the Legislative Chamber are subject to be returned to the state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan at the expense of the funds of this political party from other sources.

Article 9.

State funding of the activity of factions of political parties in the Legislative Chamber
State funds for organizational, technical and other support for the activities of factions of political parties in the Legislative Chamber are provided for in the estimated budget of the Legislative Chamber.


Article 10. The source of state financing and the procedure for its allocation
The source of state financing of political parties is the state budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
State funds allocated to finance political parties are transferred to the bank accounts of political parties in accordance with the established procedure.
(part two of Article 10 as amended by the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan of 29 December 2015 No. ZRU-396 - SZ RU, 2015, No. 52, Article 645)
See previous edition.
State funds that were not used by the political party during the fiscal year are not subject to return to the State Budget of the Republic of Uzbekistan and are used to finance their statutory activities in subsequent years.
The political party has the right to refuse to receive state funds.


Article 11. Suspension or termination of state financing of a political party
State financing of a political party is suspended or terminated in the event of suspension or termination of its activities.
The grounds for suspension or termination of state financing of the statutory activities of a political party may also be:
reorganization (except merger and joining other political parties) of a political party in accordance with the procedure established by law;
In accordance with Article 7 of the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On Political Parties," the procedure for the reorganization of a political party must be provided for in its charter.
failure by the political party to comply with the requirements provided for in Articles 16 and 17 of this Law;
non-targeted use by the political party of public funds, including the use of funds allocated for statutory activities to finance the participation in elections.
The decision on the suspension or termination of state financing of the statutory activities of a political party on the grounds provided for in part two of this article is taken by the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The decision to suspend or terminate state funding may be appealed by the political party to the Supreme Court of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
When a political party is reorganized through a merger or accession, the right to state financing has the legal successor of a political party.

 

(Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Financing of Political Parties, 2004 available at http://www.lex.uz/pages/getpage.aspx?lact_id=168377 accessed January 2018).