E-voting inJapan: 2002-2009
2 IntroductoryPhase of E-voting
According to the Electromagnetic RecordingVoting Act, e-voting is defined as a means of voting that uses a device. Thecurrent procedures for such an electronic voting method in Japan are asfollows.
・First, an electorgoes to a designated polling station on an election day.
・The elector isrequired to bring an admission ticket to his/her polling station, which s/hehas received in mail in advance.
・When the electorhands the admission ticket to the reception at the polling station, a staffperson checks identification by comparing the name of the elector with theregister of electors.
・When the personalidentification was confirmed, a voting card is issued from a voting cardissuing device by the staff, which is handed to the elector.
・The elector stands infront of a voting device and inserts the voting card; this initiates thedevice.
・The elector selects acandidate of his/her choice from a list of candidates shown in the
touch-panel screen by touching theappropriate name using his/her finger or a touch pen (if not voting for anycandidate, the elector touches a display that says, “Complete without Voting”; this will allowthe elector to complete his/her vote without choosing any candidate).
・The elector confirmsthe selected candidate.
・The voting result isrecorded in an electromagnetic recording medium inside the electronic votingdevice.
・The elector removesthe voting card from the voting device.
・The voting process isnow complete; the elector returns the voting card at the exit, and leaves thepolling station.