Michael Maley had a 30 year career at the Australian Electoral Commission prior to his retirement in 2012, for much of which he managed the organisation’s international programs, and therefore was in regular contact with both STAE and CNE. He also served as Deputy Chief Electoral Officer in the Electoral Component of the UN Transitional Authority in Cambodia in 1992-93, and as Deputy Director of the Electoral Division of the UN Observer Mission in South Africa in 1994. He was the lead drafter of the “Electoral Directions” which governed the conduct of the 30 August 1999 Popular Consultation in Timor-Leste, and also coordinated Australian Electoral Commission support for the work of UNAMET. He was subsequently one of the three international commissioners of the IEC established by UNTAET for the conduct of the 2001 Constituent Assembly election in Timor-Leste, and also was one of the three members appointed by the UN Secretary-General to the Electoral Certification Team created for the 2007 elections. He has undertaken consultancies in various countries for the UN, IFES, International IDEA, the Commonwealth Secretariat and KOICA, and was one of the co-authors of the 2014 International IDEA Electoral Management Design Handbook. He received IFES’s Joe C. Baxter Award in 2015 for his work in initiating the BRIDGE electoral management course.