Data set and Resources

Explore the Methodology, Technical Procedures Guide and Codebook to learn more about how the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) indices were designed and constructed:

Are you in a hurry?

The following documents might be useful for getting a quick and brief overview of the Global State of Democracy indices:

More questions? 

If you have more questions about the indices you can contact us by email at GSoD.indices@idea.int. We look forward to hearing from you!

Old data sets and background documents

  • Previous versions of the Methodology are available here: version 1; version 2; version 3. These documents explain the conceptual distinctions, theoretical framework and measurement procedures on which the GSoD indices are based.
  • The Global State of Democracy Indices: Technical Procedures Guide, (Version  2, 2018; version 3, 2019), outlines the technical steps taken in constructing the GSoD indices. It was written for readers who want a better understanding of the indices or for researchers who wish to use and build on the data contained within them. The guide builds upon the GSoD Indices Methodology.
  • The Global State of Democracy Indices: Codebook, (Version 2, 2018; version 3, 2019), presents information about all the variables included in the GSoD indices data set.
  • Previous versions of the data set can be downloaded here:
    • Version 4 (with data through the end of 2019): .csv, .xlsx, and .dta
    • Version 3 (with data through the end of 2018): .csv, .xlsx and .sav
    • Version 2 (with data through the end of 2017): .csv.xlsx and .sav
    • Version 1 (with data through the end of 2016): .csv, .xlsx and .sav