The Asia Pacific region is defined by diversity, reflected in a wide range of regime types.

The region boasts some of the most enduring, authoritarian states as well as some of the world's best per­forming democracies. Yet the regional tendency is towards growing autocratization and erosion of democracy, with the most dramatic reversals taking place in Myanmar, Hong Kong and Afghanistan. 

Erosion of democracy is also widespread: India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and the Philippines exemplify this trend, with the militarisation of politics, rising ethnonationalism, and high degrees of polarization threatening prevailing multicultural fabrics. Unjustifiable restrictions on Freedom of Expression have occurred in Cambodia and China as well as in  democracies such as Sri Lanka and the Philippines.