Skip to main content
Menu Menu Close
Africa
Americas
Asia and the Pacific
Europe
Western Asia
Flag

Turkey

Monthly Updates

November 2022

The explosion in central Istanbul on 13 November that left at least six killed and 81 wounded was met with a strong response by the Turkish government. The broadcasting supervisory authority RTUK enforced a news blackout and suspended coverage of the incident as well as several social media platforms stating public fear and panic as the motives. Experts said that the information blackout is worrisome as it indicates what’s to come in the 2023 presidential election. Turkey blamed Kurdish militants of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and Syrian Kurdish YPG militia for the attack, which both groups denied. In retaliation, Turkey carried out deadly airstrikes on Kurdish posts in Syria and Iraq. In response to this, a day after Turkey bombed Kurdish militants, rockets were fired from northern Syria in the Turkish border town of Karkamis, killing at least three people. The United States called for de-escalation of tensions in the Turkish-Syrian border, stating that military actions destabilize the region, endanger civilians and undermine ongoing operations against ISIS.

October 2022

The country’s parliament has passed a new ‘disinformation’ law, which has been criticized to crack down on dissent, particularly as the country prepares for elections in 2023. Proposed by president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the new legislation prohibits spreading 'false information about the internal and external security, public order and general wellbeing of the country in order to create anxiety, fear or panic among the public'. The law could see journalists and social media users being jailed for up to three years or receiving up to 50 per cent higher sentences in cases where accounts are anonymous. Additionally, Professor Şebnem Fincancı, President of the Union of Turkish Medical Associations and a human rights expert, has been arbitrarily placed in pre-trial detention on “making propaganda for a terrorist organization” following her calls for an investigation into claims that Turkish army used chemical weapons against Kurdish militants. Both developments were widely condemned by human rights groups.

Explore past monthly updates

GSoD Indices Data 2012-2021

Chevron

Basic Information

Chevron
Population Tooltip
85 042 736
System of government
Presidential system
Head of government
Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (since 2014)
Head of government party
Justice and Development Party (AKP)
Electoral system for lower or single chamber
List Proportional Representation
Women in lower or single chamber Tooltip
17.4%
Women in upper chamber Tooltip
Not applicable
Last legislative election
2018
Effective number of political parties Tooltip
2.4
Head of state
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Selection process for head of state
Direct election (two-round majority)
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) date
28/01/2020
Latest Universal Periodic Review (UPR) percentage of recommendations supported
67.29%
Tooltip text

Human Rights Treaties

Chevron
State Party State party
Signatory Signatory
No Action No action
United Nations Human Right Treaties
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
State Party
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
State Party
International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
State Party
Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women
State Party
Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment
State Party
Convention on the Rights of the Child
State Party
International Convention on Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
State Party
International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance 
No Action
International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
State Party
International Labour Organisation Treaties
Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention
State Party
Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention
State Party
Equal Remuneration Convention
State Party
Abolition of Forced Labour Convention
State Party
Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention
State Party
Convention concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment
State Party
Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention
State Party
Regional Treaties
Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 4 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Signatory
Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 7 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
Protocol No. 12 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Signatory
Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
State Party
in
Tooltip text

Attributes Over Time

Representative government neutral Representative Government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Fundamental rights
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Checks on government
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Impartial administration
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022
Representative government neutral Participatory engagement
Jul 2022
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec 2022

GSoD Indices

Regime type
0 10