World

Change region

Summaries for selected questions from the ICT in Elections database
Country
E-voting
Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, is it taking place in controlled or uncontrolled environment?
E-voting
If e-voting is currently being used, is it available for all voters or only some groups of voters?
E-voting
If e-voting is NOT currently being used, what is the current status of e-voting in general?
Afghanistan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Albania Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Algeria No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Andorra No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Angola No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Argentina Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Armenia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment Voters from abroad
Military voters
Not applicable
Australia Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments)
Military voters
Not applicable
Austria No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Azerbaijan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Bahrain No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Bangladesh Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Belarus No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Belgium Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Belize No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Benin No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Bhutan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Bolivia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Bosnia and Herzegovina No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Botswana No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Brazil Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Bulgaria Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Burkina Faso No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Burundi No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Cambodia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Cameroon No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Canada Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Internet voting systems
In combination of both environments Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Central African Republic No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Chad No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Chile No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Colombia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Comoros No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Congo, Democratic Republic of Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Cook Islands No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Costa Rica No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Cote d'Ivoire No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Croatia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Cuba No data No data No data No data No data
Cyprus No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Czech Republic No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Denmark No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Djibouti No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Dominican Republic Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Ecuador Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Other (see comments) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Egypt No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
El Salvador No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Equatorial Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Eritrea No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Estonia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment All voters Not applicable
Eswatini No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Ethiopia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Fiji Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Electronic ballot printers (EBPs)
E-voting takes place in controlled environment Available only to those who are registered in the Trade Union and student body electoral roll. Though e-voting is not used in General Elections, it has recently been introduced in the Trade Union and student body elections.
Finland No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
France Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
E-voting takes place in controlled environment
E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment
Voters from abroad
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments)
Not applicable
Gabon No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Gambia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Georgia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Germany No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Ghana No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Greece No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Guatemala No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Haiti No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Honduras Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Hong Kong No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable A civil referendum (unofficial) is conducted with electronic/online voting
Hungary No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Iceland No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
India Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Indonesia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Iran, Islamic Republic of Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Iraq Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Ireland No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Israel No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Italy No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Jamaica No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Japan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Jordan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Kazakhstan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Kenya No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Kiribati No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Korea, Republic of Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) No data No data No data E-voting system is not used in elections for public office; however it is used in private elections such as intra-party competitions, elections for heads of Agricultural/Fisheries/Forestry Cooperatives in small regional units.
Kosovo No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Kuwait No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Kyrgyzstan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Lao People's Dem. Republic No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Latvia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Lebanon No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Lesotho No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Liberia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Libya No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Liechtenstein No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable The law provides for the possibility of electronic voting; though feasibility studies and test have yet to be carried out.
Lithuania No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Luxembourg No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Madagascar No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Malawi No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Malaysia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Maldives No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Mali No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Malta No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Marshall Islands
Mauritania No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Mauritius No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Mexico Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
In combination of both environments Voters from abroad
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments)
Not applicable
Micronesia, Federated States of No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Moldova, Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Mongolia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
SMS voting systems
In combination of both environments All voters Not applicable
Montenegro No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Morocco No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Mozambique No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Myanmar No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Namibia Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Nauru No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Nepal No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Netherlands No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
New Zealand Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment Voters from abroad Not applicable
Nicaragua No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Niger No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Nigeria No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Niue No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
North Macedonia, Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Norway No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Oman Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Pakistan Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters from abroad Not applicable
Palau No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Panama Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
E-voting takes place both in controlled and uncontrolled environment Voters from abroad
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments)
Not applicable
Papua New Guinea No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Paraguay No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Peru Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Philippines Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Pitcairn Islands
Poland No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Portugal No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Qatar
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Romania No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Russian Federation Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Internet voting systems
E-voting takes place in controlled environment
E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) Not applicable
Rwanda No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines
Samoa No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
San Marino No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Senegal No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Serbia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Seychelles No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Sierra Leone No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Singapore No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Slovakia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Slovenia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Solomon Islands No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Somalia
South Africa No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
South Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Spain No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Sri Lanka No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
State of Palestine No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Sudan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Sweden No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Switzerland No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments)
Syrian Arab Republic No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Taiwan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Tajikistan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Tanzania, United Republic of No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Thailand No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Timor-Leste No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Togo No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Tokelau
Tonga No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Trinidad and Tobago No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Tunisia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Turkey No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Turkmenistan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Tuvalu No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Uganda No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Ukraine No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
United Arab Emirates Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Internet voting systems E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
United Kingdom No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
United States Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.)
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Some states allow overseas and military voter to send ballots electronically.
E-voting takes place in controlled environment The use of electronic voting is extensive and varies considerably across and within states. Not applicable
Uruguay No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments)
Uzbekistan No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Vanuatu No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Venezuela Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) E-voting takes place in controlled environment All voters Not applicable
Viet Nam No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Yemen No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Zambia No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Zimbabwe No, e-voting is not used currently Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable E-voting has never been used
Summary of Data
Is e-voting currently used in any elections with EMB participation?
Value Count
Yes, in politically-binding national elections (elections for public office or direct democracy initiatives) 27 (15.2%)
Yes, in politically-binding sub-national elections (e.g. elections for regional legislature or executive office etc.) 16 (9.0%)
Yes, in other elections with EMB participation (e.g. election of trade union leaders, non-binding referendums) 4 (2.2%)
No, e-voting is not used currently 142 (79.8%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 1 (0.6%)
Other 0 (0.0%)
Total 178
Missing data 6
Grand total 184
If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?
Value Count
Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) 17 (9.6%)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) 9 (5.1%)
Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) 4 (2.2%)
Internet voting systems 12 (6.7%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 2 (1.1%)
Not applicable 142 (79.8%)
Other 3 (1.7%)
Total 178
Missing data 6
Grand total 184
If e-voting is currently being used, is it taking place in controlled or uncontrolled environment?
Value Count
E-voting takes place in controlled environment 26 (14.6%)
E-voting takes place in uncontrolled environment 6 (3.4%)
In combination of both environments 3 (1.7%)
No data 2 (1.1%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 142 (79.8%)
Other 1 (0.6%)
Total 178
Missing data 6
Grand total 184
If e-voting is currently being used, is it available for all voters or only some groups of voters?
Value Count
All voters 15 (8.4%)
Voters from abroad 6 (3.4%)
Voters in particular constituencies (see comments) 14 (7.9%)
Military voters 2 (1.1%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
No data 2 (1.1%)
Not applicable 142 (79.8%)
Other 2 (1.1%)
Total 178
Missing data 6
Grand total 184
If e-voting is NOT currently being used, what is the current status of e-voting in general?
Value Count
E-voting has never been used 103 (57.9%)
E-voting had been used but has been abandoned (see comments) 9 (5.1%)
E-voting is not used but feasibility studies and/or tests are being carried out (see comments) 25 (14.0%)
No data 1 (0.6%)
Not specified 0 (0.0%)
Not applicable 36 (20.2%)
Other 4 (2.2%)
Total 178
Missing data 6
Grand total 184

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.