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Data for the most recent elections

Country Year Electoral system family Electoral system for national legislature Number of tiers Legislative size (directly elected) Legislative size (voting members) Electoral system for the president
Afghanistan 2018 Other SNTV 1 250 250 TRS
Albania 2021 PR List PR 1 140 140 Not applicable
Algeria 2021 PR List PR 1 407 407 TRS
Andorra 2019 Mixed Parallel 2 28 28 Not applicable
Angola 2017 PR List PR 2 220 220 Other
Anguilla 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
2 11 13 Not applicable
Antigua and Barbuda 2014 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 17 17 Not applicable
Argentina 2021 PR List PR 1 257 257 TRS
Armenia 2021 PR List PR 1 107 107 Not applicable
Aruba 2021 PR List PR 1 21 21 Not applicable
Australia 2022 Plurality/Majority AV 1 151 151 Not applicable
Austria 2019 PR List PR 3 183 183 TRS
Azerbaijan 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 125 125 TRS
Bahamas 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 39 39 Not applicable
Bahrain 2018 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 40 40 Not applicable
Bangladesh 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 300 350 Not applicable
Barbados 2022 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 30 30 Not applicable
Belarus 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 110 110 TRS
Belgium 2019 PR List PR 1 150 150 Not applicable
Belize 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 31 31 Not applicable
Benin 2019 PR List PR 1 83 83 TRS
Bermuda 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 36 36 Not applicable
Bhutan 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 47 47 Not applicable
Bolivia 2020 Mixed MMP 3 130 130 TRS
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2018 PR List PR 1 42 42 FPTP
Botswana 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 57 63 Not applicable
Brazil 2018 PR List PR 1 513 513 TRS
Brunei Darussalam 2017 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
Bulgaria 2021 PR List PR 1 240 240 TRS
Burkina Faso 2020 PR List PR 2 127 127 TRS
Burundi 2020 PR List PR 1 100 124 TRS
Cabo Verde 2021 PR List PR 1 72 72 TRS
Cambodia 2018 PR List PR 1 125 125 Not applicable
Cameroon 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP
PBV
List PR
H 180 180 FPTP
Canada 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 338 338 Not applicable
Cayman Islands 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 19 19 Not applicable
Central African Republic 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 140 140 TRS
Chad 2011 Plurality/Majority FPTP
PBV
List PR
H 188 188 TRS
Chile 2021 PR List PR 1 155 155 TRS
China 2017 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
Colombia 2022 PR List PR 1 166 166 TRS
Comoros 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 24 33 TRS
Congo, Democratic Republic of 2018 Plurality/Majority and PR FPTP
List PR
H 500 500 FPTP
Cook Islands 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 24 24 Not applicable
Costa Rica 2022 PR List PR 1 57 57 TRS
Cote d'Ivoire 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP
PBV
H 255 255 TRS
Croatia 2020 PR List PR 1 151 151 TRS
Cuba 2018 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 612 612 Not applicable
Cyprus 2021 PR List PR 1 56 56 TRS
Cyprus (North) 2022 PR List PR 1 50 50 TRS
Czech Republic 2021 PR List PR 1 200 200 TRS
Denmark 2019 PR List PR 2 179 179 Not applicable
Djibouti 2018 Mixed MMP 1 65 65 TRS
Dominica 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 21 32 Not applicable
Dominican Republic 2020 PR List PR 3 190 190 TRS
Ecuador 2021 PR List PR 3 137 137 TRS
Egypt 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS
PBV
2 568 596 TRS
El Salvador 2021 PR List PR 1 84 84 TRS
Equatorial Guinea 2017 PR List PR 1 100 100 FPTP
Eritrea 2017 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
Estonia 2019 PR List PR 2 101 101 Not applicable
Eswatini 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 59 70 Not applicable
Ethiopia 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 547 547 Not applicable
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 2021 Plurality/Majority BV 1 8 8 Not applicable
Fiji 2018 PR List PR 1 51 51 Not applicable
Finland 2019 PR List PR 1 200 200 TRS
France 2022 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 577 577 TRS
Gabon 2018 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 143 143 TRS
Gambia 2022 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 53 58 FPTP
Georgia 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 150 150 Not applicable
Germany 2021 Mixed MMP 2 736 736 Not applicable
Ghana 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 275 275 TRS
Gibraltar 2019 Other LV 1 17 17 Not applicable
Greece 2019 PR List PR 2 300 300 Not applicable
Greenland 2021 PR List PR 1 31 31 Not applicable
Grenada 2022 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 15 15 Not applicable
Guatemala 2019 PR List PR 2 160 160 TRS
Guernsey 2020 Plurality/Majority BV 1 38 40 Not applicable
Guinea 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 114 114 TRS
Guinea-Bissau 2019 PR List PR 1 102 102 TRS
Guyana 2020 PR List PR 2 65 65 Not applicable
Haiti 2021 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 TRS
2015 119 119
Holy See (Vatican City State) 2017 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
Honduras 2021 PR List PR 1 128 128 FPTP
Hungary 2022 Mixed MMP 2 199 199 Not applicable
Iceland 2021 PR List PR 2 63 63 FPTP
India 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 543 545 Not applicable
Indonesia 2019 PR List PR 1 575 575 TRS
Iran, Islamic Republic of 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 290 290 TRS
Iraq 2021 Plurality/Majority SNTV 1 329 329 Not applicable
Ireland 2020 PR STV 1 159 160 STV
Isle of Man 2021 Plurality/Majority BV 1 24 24 Not applicable
Israel 2021 PR List PR 1 120 120 Not applicable
Italy 2018 Mixed Parallel 2 630 630 Not applicable
Jamaica 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 63 63 Not applicable
Japan 2021 Mixed Parallel 2 465 465 Not applicable
Jersey 2014 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
H 49 49 Not applicable
Jordan 2020 PR List PR 1 130 130 Not applicable
Kazakhstan 2021 PR List PR 1 98 107 TRS
Kenya 2017 Plurality/Majority FPTP 2 337 350 TRS
Kiribati 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 44 46 FPTP
Korea, Dem. People's Republic of 2005 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 687 687 Not applicable
Korea, Republic of 2020 Mixed MMP 2 300 300 FPTP
Kosovo 2021 PR List PR 1 120 120 Not applicable
Kuwait 2020 Other SNTV 1 50 65 Not applicable
Kyrgyzstan 2021 Mixed Parallel 2 90 90 TRS
Lao People's Dem. Republic 2021 Plurality/Majority BV 1 164 164 Not applicable
Latvia 2018 PR List PR 1 100 100 Not applicable
Lebanon 2022 PR List PR 1 128 128 Not applicable
Lesotho 2017 Mixed MMP 2 120 120 Not applicable
Liberia 2017 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 73 73 TRS
Libya 2014 Mixed Parallel 3 200 200 In transition
Liechtenstein 2021 PR List PR 1 25 25 Not applicable
Lithuania 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 141 141 TRS
Luxembourg 2018 PR List PR 1 60 60 Not applicable
Madagascar 2019 Plurality/Majority and PR FPTP
List PR
1 151 151 TRS
Malawi 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 193 193 FPTP
Malaysia 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 222 222 Not applicable
Maldives 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 87 87 TRS
Mali 2020 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 147 147 TRS
Malta 2022 PR STV 1 67 67 Not applicable
Marshall Islands 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
H 33 33 Not applicable
Mauritania 2018 Mixed Parallel 3 157 157 TRS
Mauritius 2019 Plurality/Majority BV 1 62 70 Not applicable
Mexico 2021 Mixed MMP 2 500 500 FPTP
Micronesia, Federated States of 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 2 14 14 Not applicable
Moldova, Republic of 2021 PR List PR 1 101 101 TRS
Monaco 2018 Mixed Parallel 2 24 24 Not applicable
Mongolia 2020 Plurality/Majority BV 1 76 76 TRS
Montenegro 2020 PR List PR 1 81 81 TRS
Montserrat 2019 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 9 11 Not applicable
Morocco 2021 PR List PR 2 395 395 Not applicable
Mozambique 2019 PR List PR 1 250 250 TRS
Myanmar 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 330 440 Not applicable
Namibia 2019 PR List PR 1 96 96 TRS
Nauru 2019 Other Modified BC 1 19 19 Not applicable
Nepal 2017 Mixed Parallel 2 275 275 Not applicable
Netherlands 2021 PR List PR 1 150 150 Not applicable
Netherlands Antilles 2010 PR List PR 1 22 22 Not applicable
New Zealand 2020 Mixed MMP 3 120 120 Not applicable
Nicaragua 2021 PR List PR 2 90 90 FPTP
Niger 2020 PR List PR H 171 171 TRS
Nigeria 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 360 360 TRS
Niue 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
2 20 20 Not applicable
North Macedonia, Republic of 2020 PR List PR 1 120 120 TRS
Norway 2021 PR List PR 2 169 169 Not applicable
Oman 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
H 86 86 Not applicable
Pakistan 2018 Mixed Parallel 2 342 342 Not applicable
Palau 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 16 16 TRS
Panama 2019 PR FPTP
List PR
H 71 71 FPTP
Papua New Guinea 2022 Plurality/Majority AV 2 118 118 Not applicable
Paraguay 2018 PR List PR 1 80 80 FPTP
Peru 2021 PR List PR 1 130 130 TRS
Philippines 2022 Mixed Parallel 2 316 316 FPTP
Pitcairn Islands 2005 Other SNTV 1 6 8 Not applicable
Poland 2019 PR List PR 1 460 460 TRS
Portugal 2022 PR List PR 1 230 230 TRS
Qatar 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 30 45 Not applicable
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) 2022 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 151 151 TRS
Romania 2020 PR List PR 1 312 329 TRS
Russian Federation 2021 Mixed Parallel 2 450 450 TRS
Rwanda 2018 PR List PR 1 53 80 FPTP
Saint Helena 2021 Plurality/Majority BV 1 12 15 Not applicable
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 11 15 Not applicable
Saint Lucia 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 17 17 Not applicable
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 15 23 Not applicable
Samoa 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 51 51 Not applicable
San Marino 2019 PR List PR 1 60 60 Not applicable
Sao Tome and Principe 2018 PR List PR 1 55 55 TRS
Saudi Arabia 2021 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
Senegal 2022 Mixed Parallel 3 165 165 TRS
Serbia 2022 PR List PR 1 250 250 TRS
Seychelles 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 35 35 TRS
Sierra Leone 2018 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 132 146 TRS
Singapore 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP
PBV
H 93 104 FPTP
Slovakia 2020 PR List PR 1 150 150 TRS
Slovenia 2022 PR List PR 2 90 90 TRS
Solomon Islands 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 50 50 Not applicable
Somalia 2022 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
South Africa 2019 PR List PR 2 400 400 Not applicable
South Sudan 2016 In transition In transition In transition
2010 3 170 170
Spain 2019 PR List PR 1 350 350 Not applicable
Sri Lanka 2020 PR List PR 2 225 225 SV
State of Palestine 2006 Mixed Parallel 2 132 132 FPTP
Sudan 2015 Mixed Parallel 3 450 450 TRS
Suriname 2020 PR List PR 1 51 51 Not applicable
Sweden 2018 PR List PR 2 349 349 Not applicable
Switzerland 2019 PR List PR 1 200 200 Not applicable
Syrian Arab Republic 2020 Plurality/Majority BV 1 250 250 TRS
Taiwan 2020 Mixed Parallel 3 113 113 FPTP
Tajikistan 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 63 63 TRS
Tanzania, United Republic of 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 FPTP
2015 264 393
Thailand 2019 Mixed MMP 2 500 500 Not applicable
Timor-Leste 2018 PR List PR 1 65 65 TRS
Togo 2020 TRS
2018 PR List PR 1 91 91
Tokelau 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 22 22 Not applicable
Tonga 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 17 26 Not applicable
Trinidad and Tobago 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 41 41 Not applicable
Tunisia 2019 PR List PR 1 217 217 TRS
Turkey 2018 PR List PR 1 600 600 TRS
Turkmenistan 2018 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 125 125 TRS
Turks and Caicos Islands 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP
BV
2 15 19 Not applicable
Tuvalu 2019 Plurality/Majority BV 1 16 16 Not applicable
Uganda 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 499 529 TRS
Ukraine 2019 Mixed Parallel 2 424 424 TRS
United Arab Emirates 2019 Not applicable No direct elections Not applicable
United Kingdom 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 650 650 Not applicable
United States 2020 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 435 435 FPTP
Uruguay 2019 PR List PR 1 99 99 TRS
Uzbekistan 2019 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 150 150 TRS
Vanuatu 2020 Other SNTV H 52 52 Not applicable
Venezuela 2020 Mixed Parallel 2 277 280 FPTP
Viet Nam 2021 Plurality/Majority TRS 1 500 500 Not applicable
Virgin Islands, British 2019 Plurality/Majority FPTP 2 13 13 Not applicable
Yemen 2003 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 301 301 TRS
Zambia 2021 Plurality/Majority FPTP 1 156 167 TRS
Zimbabwe 2018 Mixed Parallel 2 270 270 TRS
Summary of Data  
Electoral system family
Value Count
Mixed 32 (14.7%)
Plurality/Majority 86 (39.6%)
PR 83 (38.2%)
Not applicable 7 (3.2%)
In transition 1 (0.5%)
Other 8 (3.7%)
Total 217
Missing data 2
Grand total 219
Electoral system for national legislature
Value Count
FPTP 60 (27.6%)
TRS 17 (7.8%)
AV 2 (0.9%)
BV 15 (6.9%)
PBV 5 (2.3%)
Parallel 23 (10.6%)
MMP 9 (4.1%)
List PR 85 (39.2%)
STV 2 (0.9%)
SNTV 5 (2.3%)
LV 1 (0.5%)
BC 0 (0.0%)
No direct elections 7 (3.2%)
In transition 1 (0.5%)
Other 1 (0.5%)
Total 217
Missing data 2
Grand total 219
Number of tiers
Value Count
1 0 (0.0%)
2 0 (0.0%)
3 0 (0.0%)
H 0 (0.0%)
Other 11 (5.2%)
Total 210
Missing data 9
Grand total 219
Legislative size (directly elected)
Total 210
Missing data 9
Grand total 219
Legislative size (voting members)
Total 210
Missing data 9
Grand total 219
Electoral system for the president
Value Count
FPTP 22 (10.1%)
TRS 85 (39.2%)
STV 1 (0.5%)
Not applicable 105 (48.4%)
No data 0 (0.0%)
Other 4 (1.8%)
Total 217
Missing data 2
Grand total 219

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.