Eastern Europe

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Country Election type Year Voter Turnout Total vote Registration VAP Turnout Voting age population Population Invalid votes Compulsory voting
Belarus Parliamentary 2019 77.31 % 5,319,286 6,880,605 68.94 % 7,716,337 9,503,591 1.05 % No
2016 74.68 % 5,211,871 6,978,490 66.84 % 7,797,893 9,570,376 No
2012 74.20 % 5,210,676 7,022,221 65.92 % 7,904,831 9,643,566 No
2008 76.74 % 5,384,647 7,016,711 69.56 % 7,741,235 9,685,768 2.10 % No
2004 90.14 % 6,297,600 6,986,163 82.43 % 7,640,118 10,310,520 3.20 % No
2000 61.08 % 4,430,878 7,254,752 58.24 % 7,607,585 10,142,706 No
1995 56.40 % 4,199,431 7,445,800 54.88 % 7,652,340 10,341,000 No
Presidential 2020 84.28 % 5,818,955 6,904,313 75.69 % 7,688,370 9,477,918 No
2015 87.22 % 6,113,013 7,008,682 78.08 % 7,828,768 9,589,689 0.80 % No
2010 90.65 % 6,441,031 7,105,660 81.66 % 7,887,472 9,612,632 No
2006 92.94 % 6,630,653 7,133,978 86.18 % 7,694,370 10,300,483 5.20 % No
2001 83.86 % 6,169,087 7,356,343 81.34 % 7,584,762 10,112,278 2.20 % No
1994 69.90 % 5,032,800 7,200,000 65.68 % 7,662,700 10,355,000 No
Bulgaria Parliamentary 2017 53.85 % 3,682,493 6,838,235 62.79 % 5,864,631 7,101,510 7.97 % Yes
2014 51.05 % 3,501,269 6,858,304 60.88 % 5,750,976 6,924,716 6.20 % No
2013 52.49 % 3,632,174 6,919,260 59.69 % 6,084,873 7,282,041 2.48 % No
2009 60.64 % 4,323,581 7,129,965 72.43 % 5,969,019 7,204,687 2.25 % No
2005 55.76 % 3,747,808 6,720,941 62.41 % 6,004,949 7,450,349 2.70 % No
2001 66.63 % 4,608,289 6,916,151 72.10 % 6,391,816 7,932,984 0.90 % No
1997 58.87 % 4,291,258 7,289,956 66.90 % 6,414,519 8,330,544 0.80 % No
1994 75.23 % 5,264,614 6,997,954 80.98 % 6,501,110 8,443,000 1.20 % No
1991 83.87 % 5,694,842 6,790,006 84.54 % 6,736,500 8,982,000 2.70 % No
Presidential 2016 56.28 % 3,947,629 7,014,723 66.87 % 5,903,575 7,144,653 3.04 % Yes
2011 48.25 % 3,334,169 6,910,491 56.14 % 5,939,090 7,093,635 3.14 % No
2006 42.62 % 2,757,441 6,469,224 46.14 % 5,975,892 7,385,367 2.10 % No
2001 54.92 % 3,784,036 6,889,638 61.78 % 6,125,141 7,932,984 0.20 % No
1996 49.79 % 3,358,998 6,746,056 52.16 % 6,440,280 8,364,000 0.60 % No
1992 75.17 % 5,154,973 6,857,942 80.48 % 6,405,000 8,540,000 No
EU Parliament 2019 32.85 % 2,095,561 6,378,694 36.16 % 5,794,894 7,012,640 3.83 %
2014 35.79 % 2,361,966 6,599,599 41.07 % 5,751,084 6,924,716 5.19 % No
2009 38.92 % 2,601,677 6,684,770 43.59 % 5,969,019 7,204,687 0.97 % No
2007 29.22 % 1,955,466 6,691,080 31.27 % 6,253,762 7,679,290 0.90 % No
Czech Republic Parliamentary 2017 60.84 % 5,094,633 8,374,501 58.06 % 8,774,665 10,674,723 0.60 % No
2013 59.48 % 5,010,944 8,424,227 60.03 % 8,347,604 10,162,921 0.74 % No
2010 62.60 % 5,268,098 8,415,892 62.22 % 8,466,396 10,201,707 0.63 % No
2006 64.47 % 5,372,449 8,333,305 65.12 % 8,250,612 10,235,455 0.40 % No
2002 57.95 % 4,789,145 8,264,484 59.03 % 8,113,689 10,264,212 0.40 % No
1998 74.00 % 6,006,459 8,116,836 76.73 % 7,827,723 10,291,000 0.40 % No
1996 76.29 % 6,096,404 7,990,770 77.57 % 7,859,160 10,341,000 0.60 % No
1992 84.68 % 9,750,978 11,515,699 83.76 % 11,640,940 15,731,000 1.70 % No
1990 96.33 % 10,785,270 11,195,596 93.06 % 11,589,140 15,661,000 1.40 % No
Presidential 2018 61.88 % 5,177,238 8,366,433 58.99 % 8,776,219 10,686,269 0.56 % No
2013 59.08 % 4,983,481 8,434,941 59.00 % 8,446,141 10,177,300 0.50 % No
EU Parliament 2019 28.72 % 2,388,304 8,316,737 27.21 % 8,777,811 10,695,547 0.73 % No
2014 18.20 % 1,528,250 8,395,132 17.57 % 8,696,514 10,627,448 0.77 % No
2009 28.22 % 2,371,009 8,401,374 29.68 % 7,989,091 10,211,904 0.50 % No
2004 28.30 % 2,344,290 8,283,485 30.87 % 7,592,896 10,246,178 0.49 % No
Hungary Parliamentary 2018 69.67 % 5,791,432 8,312,264 71.64 % 8,083,846 9,825,704 1.03 % No
2014 61.84 % 5,096,524 8,241,488 63.36 % 8,043,818 9,919,128 0.91 % No
2010 64.38 % 5,172,222 8,034,394 63.67 % 8,123,081 9,992,339 No
2006 67.57 % 5,457,553 8,076,781 68.84 % 7,928,311 10,076,581 0.60 % No
2002 70.52 % 5,667,551 8,037,265 71.55 % 7,920,946 10,174,853 0.60 % No
1998 57.01 % 4,570,386 8,016,397 59.03 % 7,742,951 10,056,000 1.30 % No
1994 68.92 % 5,485,618 7,959,206 69.43 % 7,900,970 10,261,000 1.20 % No
1990 65.10 % 5,093,119 7,824,110 65.52 % 7,773,750 10,365,000 1.36 % No
EU Parliament 2019 43.56 % 3,488,341 8,008,353 43.23 % 8,068,469 9,799,351 0.51 % No
2014 28.97 % 2,329,304 8,041,386 28.96 % 8,043,818 9,919,128 0.39 % No
2009 36.31 % 2,921,779 8,046,086 36.00 % 8,116,506 10,007,168 0.85 % No
2004 38.50 % 3,097,657 8,046,247 38.37 % 8,073,180 10,072,608 0.67 % No
Moldova, Republic of Parliamentary 2019 51.98 % 1,457,220 2,803,573 54.66 % 2,666,197 3,401,197 2.80 % No
2014 55.80 % 1,649,489 2,956,270 58.82 % 2,804,089 3,583,288 3.08 % No
2010 63.37 % 1,733,051 2,734,700 50.21 % 3,451,332 4,317,483 0.69 % No
2009 58.77 % 1,591,757 2,708,381 46.36 % 3,433,374 4,320,748 0.65 % No
2005 64.84 % 1,576,079 2,430,537 48.66 % 3,238,695 4,446,455 1.20 % No
2001 69.96 % 1,605,853 2,295,288 63.77 % 2,518,141 3,657,498 2.50 % No
1998 69.12 % 1,680,470 2,431,218 56.98 % 2,949,470 4,403,000 3.40 % No
1994 79.31 % 1,869,090 2,356,614 64.13 % 2,914,500 4,350,000 5.00 % No
Presidential 2020 48.54 % 1,368,516 2,819,449 51.94 % 2,634,786 3,364,496 1.45 % No
2016 53.45 % 1,614,067 3,019,495 58.45 % 2,761,612 3,510,485 0.82 % No
1996 71.64 % 1,748,688 2,441,054 60.00 % 2,914,500 4,350,000 2.60 % No
Poland Parliamentary 2019 61.74 % 18,678,457 30,253,556 59.08 % 31,615,893 38,356,121 1.11 % No
2015 50.92 % 15,595,335 30,629,150 49.40 % 31,568,464 38,301,885 2.53 % No
2011 48.92 % 15,050,027 30,762,931 48.54 % 31,002,361 37,748,288 4.52 % No
2007 53.88 % 16,495,045 30,615,471 54.24 % 30,411,197 38,518,241 2.10 % No
2005 40.57 % 12,263,640 30,229,031 40.87 % 30,003,160 38,635,144 3.60 % No
2001 46.18 % 13,559,412 29,364,455 47.63 % 28,469,123 38,646,023 4.00 % No
1997 47.93 % 13,616,378 28,409,054 48.80 % 27,901,720 38,752,000 3.90 % No
1993 52.08 % 14,415,586 27,677,302 52.00 % 27,723,600 38,505,000 4.30 % No
1991 43.20 % 11,886,984 27,516,166 44.40 % 26,771,500 38,245,000 5.60 % No
1989 62.11 % 16,994,732 27,362,313 63.96 % 26,572,700 37,961,000 No
1985 78.86 % 20,554,182 26,065,497 37,225,792 0.32 % No
1980 98.87 % 24,816,304 25,098,816 35,578,016 0.06 % No
1976 98.27 % 23,652,256 24,069,579 34,299,428 0.06 % No
1972 97.94 % 21,854,481 22,313,851 33,039,545 0.02 % No
1969 97.61 % 20,642,449 21,148,879 32,280,848 0.04 % No
1965 96.62 % 18,982,316 19,645,803 0.07 % No
1961 94.83 % 17,653,646 18,615,185 0.11 % No
1957 94.14 % 16,892,213 17,944,081 0.35 % No
1952 95.03 % 15,495,815 16,305,891 0.03 % No
Presidential 2020 68.18 % 20,636,635 30,268,543 65.40 % 31,555,867 38,282,325 0.86 % No
2015 55.34 % 16,993,169 30,709,281 53.83 % 31,568,464 38,301,885 1.47 % No
2010 55.31 % 17,054,690 30,833,924 54.50 % 31,292,110 37,798,299 1.16 % No
2005 50.99 % 15,439,684 30,279,209 51.46 % 30,003,160 38,635,144 1.00 % No
2000 61.12 % 17,798,791 29,122,304 62.58 % 28,443,524 38,742,748 1.10 % No
1995 68.23 % 19,146,496 28,062,205 68.90 % 27,790,560 38,598,000 2.00 % No
1990 53.40 % 14,703,775 27,535,159 55.10 % 26,683,300 38,119,000 2.30 % No
EU Parliament 2019 45.69 % 13,760,974 30,118,852 43.53 % 31,615,893 38,356,121 0.83 % No
2014 23.82 % 7,297,490 30,636,537 23.62 % 30,899,955 38,346,279 3.12 % No
2009 24.53 % 7,497,296 30,565,272 24.04 % 31,188,739 37,810,554 1.77 % No
2004 20.87 % 6,258,550 29,986,109 21.49 % 29,125,904 38,190,608 2.67 % No
Romania Parliamentary 2020 31.84 % 5,793,135 18,191,396 32.80 % 17,663,694 21,302,893 No
2016 37.79 % 7,323,368 18,403,044 41.12 % 17,810,217 21,599,736 3.77 % No
2012 41.76 % 7,694,180 18,423,066 42.81 % 17,974,764 21,848,504 3.61 % No
2008 39.20 % 7,238,871 18,464,274 40.48 % 17,882,585 22,060,808 4.86 % No
2004 58.51 % 10,794,653 18,449,344 62.26 % 17,338,014 22,355,551 5.20 % No
2000 65.31 % 11,559,458 17,699,727 62.16 % 18,597,776 22,303,305 6.20 % No
1996 76.01 % 13,088,388 17,218,654 78.20 % 16,737,320 22,618,000 6.50 % No
1992 76.29 % 12,496,430 16,380,663 76.16 % 16,408,080 22,789,000 12.70 % No
1990 79.69 % 13,707,159 17,200,722
Presidential 2019 51.18 % 9,359,673 18,286,865 52.84 % 17,711,736 21,381,356 1.53 % No
2014 64.11 % 11,719,344 18,280,994 66.42 % 17,645,517 21,729,871 1.42 % No
2009 58.02 % 10,620,116 18,303,224 59.24 % 17,928,402 22,011,818 1.31 % No
2004 55.21 % 10,112,262 18,316,104 58.32 % 17,338,014 22,355,551 1.03 % No
2000 56.62 % 10,020,870 17,699,727 53.88 % 18,597,776 22,303,305 No
1996 75.90 % 13,078,883 17,230,654 78.14 % 16,737,320 22,618,000 0.80 % No
EU Parliament 2019 51.20 % 9,352,472 18,267,256 52.80 % 17,711,736 21,381,356 2.93 % No
2014 32.44 % 5,911,794 18,221,061 33.50 % 17,645,517 29,729,871 No
2009 27.67 % 5,035,299 18,197,316 28.09 % 17,928,402 22,011,818 3.86 % No
2007 29.47 % 5,370,171 18,220,601 26.91 % 19,954,907 21,565,119 4.60 % No
Russian Federation Parliamentary 2016 47.88 % 52,700,922 110,061,200 46.04 % 114,473,081 142,355,415 1.86 % No
2011 60.10 % 65,656,526 109,237,780 57.96 % 113,276,186 138,739,892 1.57 % No
2007 63.71 % 69,537,065 109,145,517 61.91 % 112,315,296 141,377,752 1.10 % No
2003 55.67 % 60,633,179 108,906,244 54.34 % 111,586,387 144,526,278 1.60 % No
1999 62.33 % 66,840,603 107,239,000 59.12 % 113,049,737 147,698,905 2.00 % No
1995 64.73 % 69,587,454 107,496,856 62.77 % 110,864,250 147,819,000 1.90 % No
1993 50.00 % 52,600,000 105,200,000 47.22 % 111,390,000 148,520,000 No
Presidential 2018 67.50 % 73,579,096 109,008,428 64.78 % 113,590,588 142,122,776 1.08 % No
2012 65.27 % 71,701,665 109,860,331 63.37 % 113,140,987 138,082,178 1.17 % No
2008 69.71 % 74,747,649 107,222,016 65.37 % 114,346,351 140,702,094 1.40 % No
2004 64.39 % 69,581,761 108,064,281 62.22 % 111,833,865 144,526,278 0.90 % No
2000 68.64 % 75,070,776 109,372,046 68.85 % 109,037,258 146,595,254 0.90 % No
1996 68.88 % 74,800,449 108,589,050 67.61 % 110,642,250 147,523,000 1.20 % No
1991 74.66 % 79,498,240 106,484,518 73.27 % 108,495,520 148,624,000 0.40 % No
Slovakia Parliamentary 2020 65.81 % 2,916,840 4,432,419 65.39 % 4,460,525 5,440,602 1.21 % No
2016 59.82 % 2,648,184 4,426,760 59.43 % 4,455,753 5,445,802 1.53 % No
2012 59.11 % 2,596,443 4,392,451 57.85 % 4,488,381 5,483,088 No
2010 58.84 % 2,566,779 4,362,369 58.38 % 4,396,639 5,470,306 1.46 % No
2006 54.67 % 2,335,917 4,272,517 56.40 % 4,141,957 5,439,448 1.40 % No
2002 70.07 % 2,913,267 4,157,802 71.63 % 4,067,252 5,379,455 1.30 % No
1998 84.25 % 3,389,346 4,023,191 78.86 % 4,297,856 5,274,335 1.70 % No
1994 75.41 % 2,923,265 3,876,555 75.93 % 3,849,840 5,347,000 1.60 % No
1992 84.68 % 9,750,978 11,515,699 83.76 % 11,640,940 15,731,000 1.70 % No
1990 96.33 % 10,785,270 11,195,596 93.06 % 11,589,140 15,661,000 1.40 % No
Presidential 2019 48.74 % 2,158,859 4,419,883 48.37 % 4,462,884 5,443,336 0.63 % No
2014 50.48 % 2,224,382 4,406,261 51.11 % 4,351,806 5,443,583 1.04 % No
2009 51.67 % 2,242,162 4,339,257 51.25 % 4,375,254 5,463,046 0.83 % No
2004 43.48 % 1,827,282 4,202,597 44.12 % 4,141,957 5,430,033 1.39 % No
1999 75.42 % 3,047,814 4,041,181 80.91 % 3,767,042 5,392,982 0.88 % No
EU Parliament 2019 22.74 % 1,007,398 4,429,801 22.57 % 4,462,884 5,443,336 2.06 % No
2014 13.05 % 575,876 4,414,433 13.14 % 4,381,043 5,443,583 2.66 % No
2009 19.64 % 853,533 4,345,773 19.51 % 4,375,254 5,463,046 3.02 % No
2004 16.97 % 714,508 4,210,463 17.45 % 4,093,515 5,380,053 1.80 % No
Ukraine Parliamentary 2019 49.20 % 14,749,867 29,278,586 41.29 % 35,723,124 43,964,969 0.93 % No
2014 52.42 % 18,174,440 34,670,814 49.98 % 36,363,250 44,291,413 No
2012 57.40 % 20,759,472 36,163,839 55.94 % 37,107,767 44,854,065 1.97 % No
2007 62.03 % 23,315,257 37,588,040 62.73 % 37,165,613 46,299,862 4.40 % No
2006 67.19 % 24,990,424 37,191,928 67.20 % 37,188,299 46,929,500 1.77 % No
2002 69.24 % 25,874,271 37,368,748 69.57 % 37,189,218 48,760,474 3.90 % No
1998 70.65 % 26,521,273 37,540,092 68.11 % 38,939,136 51,235,704 3.10 % No
1994 75.81 % 28,963,982 38,204,100 73.42 % 39,451,600 51,910,000 6.30 % No
Presidential 2019 62.51 % 18,893,864 30,225,165 53.04 % 35,723,124 43,964,969 1.18 % No
2014 60.82 % 18,019,504 29,625,200 49.55 % 36,363,250 44,291,413 No
2010 69.70 % 25,493,529 36,576,763 67.95 % 37,518,273 45,415,596 1.19 % No
2004 77.28 % 29,068,971 37,613,022 78.13 % 37,206,111 47,732,079 1.45 % No
1999 74.92 % 28,231,774 37,680,581 73.77 % 38,272,306 50,054,276 2.50 % No
1994 71.63 % 26,883,642 37,531,666 68.14 % 39,451,600 51,910,000 No