South America

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Country Election type Year Voter Turnout Total vote Registration VAP Turnout Voting age population Population Invalid votes Compulsory voting
Argentina Parliamentary 2019 80.94 % 27,698,054 34,218,538 82.82 % 33,442,549 45,089,492 6.77 % Yes
2017 76.74 % 25,413,205 33,116,077 77.69 % 32,713,088 44,293,293 4.13 % Yes
2015 81.07 % 26,048,446 32,130,853 81.41 % 31,996,332 43,431,886 3.32 % Yes
2013 77.17 % 23,641,116 30,635,464 78.08 % 30,276,314 42,610,981 4.45 % Yes
2011 79.39 % 22,956,385 28,916,183 77.35 % 29,678,579 41,769,726 4.48 % Yes
2009 72.39 % 20,123,715 27,797,930 70.89 % 28,389,141 40,913,584 4.92 % Yes
2007 73.13 % 19,086,667 26,098,546 70.88 % 26,926,602 40,301,927 9.40 % Yes
2005 70.94 % 18,513,717 26,098,546 70.73 % 26,175,246 39,537,943 8.30 % Yes
2001 75.21 % 18,602,837 24,735,483 72.99 % 25,487,913 37,694,169 21.00 % Yes
1999 80.54 % 19,415,960 24,108,413 81.32 % 23,877,270 36,554,185 3.99 % Yes
1997 78.22 % 18,135,267 23,184,491 78.07 % 23,230,160 35,739,000 6.20 % Yes
1995 80.96 % 17,939,156 22,158,612 79.77 % 22,488,050 34,597,000 3.70 % Yes
1993 79.70 % 17,090,830 21,443,953 78.09 % 21,886,150 33,671,000 6.90 % Yes
1991 89.71 % 18,609,221 20,742,631 89.41 % 20,812,743 32,863,366 7.70 % Yes
1989 84.24 % 16,867,095 20,022,072 82.07 % 20,552,960 32,114,000 2.10 % Yes
1987 83.61 % 16,263,572 19,452,790 80.14 % 20,293,650 31,221,000 5.30 % Yes
1985 82.19 % 15,326,907 18,649,101 77.76 % 19,711,250 30,325,000 2.00 % Yes
1983 83.25 % 14,927,572 17,929,951 77.52 % 19,257,550 29,627,000 2.50 % Yes
1973 85.55 % 12,235,481 14,302,497 74.99 % 16,315,200 24,720,000 2.60 % Yes
1965 83.46 % 9,565,574 11,460,766 66.35 % 14,417,000 22,180,000 4.20 % Yes
1963 85.59 % 9,717,677 11,353,936 69.82 % 13,919,100 21,719,000 21.20 % Yes
1962 85.73 % 9,084,512 10,596,321 66.29 % 13,704,960 21,414,000 3.60 % Yes
1960 87.07 % 8,870,202 10,187,586 67.06 % 13,228,160 20,669,000 25.20 % Yes
1958 90.86 % 9,088,497 10,002,327 70.80 % 12,837,120 20,058,000 9.20 % Yes
1954 86.00 % 7,906,858 9,194,157 65.92 % 11,994,880 18,742,000 2.00 % Yes
1951 87.95 % 7,593,948 8,633,998 67.28 % 11,286,400 17,635,000 1.60 % Yes
1946 83.39 % 2,839,507 3,405,173 28.34 % 10,018,560 15,654,000 2.50 % Yes
Presidential 2019 81.31 % 27,530,855 33,858,733 79.53 % 33,442,549 45,089,492 2.52 % Yes
2015 80.77 % 25,952,906 32,130,853 81.11 % 31,996,332 43,431,886 2.46 % Yes
2011 79.39 % 22,956,385 28,916,183 77.35 % 29,678,579 41,769,726 4.48 % Yes
2007 71.81 % 19,452,594 27,090,236 72.24 % 26,926,602 40,301,927 6.10 % Yes
2003 76.90 % 19,594,199 25,479,486 76.93 % 25,471,223 37,812,817 1.80 % Yes
1999 78.61 % 18,953,456 24,109,306 79.38 % 23,877,270 36,554,185 4.59 % Yes
1995 80.96 % 17,939,156 22,158,612 79.77 % 22,488,050 34,597,000 3.70 % Yes
1989 85.02 % 17,021,951 20,022,072 82.82 % 20,552,960 32,114,000 2.10 % Yes
1983 83.25 % 14,927,572 17,929,951 77.52 % 19,257,550 29,627,000 3.00 % Yes
1973 83.18 % 11,897,443 14,302,497 72.92 % 16,315,200 24,720,000 Yes
1963 85.59 % 9,717,677 11,353,936 69.82 % 13,919,100 21,719,000 21.30 % Yes
1958 90.86 % 9,088,497 10,002,327 70.80 % 12,837,120 20,058,000 9.20 % Yes
1951 87.95 % 7,593,948 8,633,998 67.28 % 11,286,400 17,635,000 1.60 % Yes
1946 83.39 % 2,839,507 3,405,173 28.34 % 10,018,560 15,654,000 2.50 % Yes
Bolivia Parliamentary 2020 88.42 % 6,484,008 7,332,926 87.57 % 7,404,475 11,639,909 5.01 % Yes
2019 88.47 % 6,260,690 7,076,933 86.53 % 7,235,433 11,473,676 21.45 % Yes
2014 87.45 % 5,224,109 5,973,901 86.19 % 6,060,980 10,631,486 20.80 % Yes
2009 94.55 % 4,859,440 5,139,554 85.55 % 5,680,498 9,775,246 2.48 % Yes
2005 84.51 % 3,102,417 3,671,152 63.44 % 4,890,318 8,857,870 7.40 % Yes
2002 72.06 % 2,994,065 4,155,055 66.82 % 4,480,674 8,274,463 7.20 % Yes
1997 71.36 % 2,321,117 3,252,501 64.54 % 3,596,616 7,340,032 6.20 % Yes
1993 72.16 % 1,731,309 2,399,197 50.01 % 3,461,850 7,065,000 4.80 % Yes
1989 73.66 % 1,573,790 2,136,587 50.98 % 3,086,880 6,431,000 10.00 % Yes
1985 81.97 % 1,728,365 2,108,458 65.15 % 2,652,750 5,895,000 13.00 % Yes
1980 74.32 % 1,489,484 2,004,284 59.11 % 2,520,000 5,600,000 12.10 % Yes
1979 90.50 % 1,693,233 1,871,070 69.05 % 2,452,050 5,449,000 13.20 % Yes
1978 102.62 % 1,971,968 1,921,556 82.62 % 2,386,800 5,304,000 2.70 % Yes
1966 86.57 % 1,099,994 1,270,611 54.93 % 2,002,500 4,450,000 8.20 % Yes
1964 91.91 % 1,297,319 1,411,560 78.92 % 1,643,850 3,653,000 12.20 % Yes
1962 1,067,877 66.87 % 1,597,050 3,549,000 2.00 % Yes
1960 75.98 % 987,730 1,300,000 63.57 % 1,553,850 3,453,000 2.10 % Yes
1958 460,340 30.45 % 1,512,000 3,360,000 2.60 % Yes
1956 85.04 % 958,016 1,126,528 63.71 % 1,503,740 3,269,000 2.70 % Yes
Presidential 2020 88.42 % 6,484,008 7,332,926 7,404,475 11,639,909 5.01 % Yes
2019 88.31 % 6,460,515 7,315,364 89.29 % 7,235,433 11,473,676 5.00 % Yes
2014 91.86 % 5,487,676 5,973,901 90.54 % 6,060,980 10,631,486 5.76 % Yes
2009 94.55 % 4,859,440 5,139,554 85.55 % 5,680,498 9,775,246 2.48 % Yes
2005 84.51 % 3,102,417 3,671,152 63.44 % 4,890,318 8,857,870 3.40 % Yes
2002 72.06 % 2,994,065 4,155,055 66.82 % 4,480,674 8,274,463 7.20 % Yes
1997 71.36 % 2,321,117 3,252,501 64.54 % 3,596,616 7,340,032 Yes
1993 72.16 % 1,731,309 2,399,197 50.01 % 3,461,850 7,065,000 Yes
1989 73.16 % 1,563,182 2,136,587 50.64 % 3,086,880 6,431,000 10.00 % Yes
1985 81.97 % 1,728,365 2,108,458 65.15 % 2,652,750 5,895,000 13.00 % Yes
1980 74.32 % 1,489,484 2,004,284 59.11 % 2,520,000 5,600,000 12.10 % Yes
1979 90.50 % 1,693,233 1,871,070 69.05 % 2,452,050 5,449,000 12.20 % Yes
1978 102.62 % 1,971,968 1,921,556 82.62 % 2,386,800 5,304,000 2.70 % Yes
1966 86.57 % 1,099,994 1,270,611 54.93 % 2,002,500 4,450,000 8.20 % Yes
1964 91.91 % 1,297,319 1,411,560 78.92 % 1,643,850 3,653,000 12.20 % Yes
1960 75.98 % 987,730 1,300,000 63.57 % 1,553,850 3,453,000 2.10 % Yes
1956 85.04 % 958,016 1,126,528 63.71 % 1,503,740 3,269,000 3.70 % Yes
Brazil Parliamentary 2018 79.80 % 117,111,476 146,750,529 76.66 % 152,762,054 208,846,892 16.03 % Yes
2014 80.60 % 113,232,072 140,488,492 75.09 % 150,803,268 202,656,788 13.95 % Yes
2010 81.88 % 111,193,747 135,804,433 80.62 % 137,925,708 201,103,330 8.64 % Yes
2006 83.27 % 104,778,751 125,827,119 83.54 % 125,422,653 188,078,227 11.10 % Yes
2002 68.72 % 79,200,181 115,254,113 68.37 % 115,848,256 174,468,575 11.80 % Yes
1998 78.51 % 83,296,067 106,101,067 81.03 % 102,802,554 161,790,311 Yes
1994 82.24 % 77,950,257 94,782,803 79.88 % 97,590,050 153,725,000 18.80 % Yes
1990 84.61 % 70,918,635 83,817,593 76.57 % 92,622,720 144,723,000 40.10 % Yes
1986 85.00 % 58,791,788 69,166,810 70.42 % 83,484,860 134,653,000 Yes
1982 82.33 % 48,466,898 58,871,378 63.70 % 76,084,200 126,807,000 15.10 % Yes
1978 81.75 % 37,629,180 46,030,464 55.53 % 67,764,600 112,941,000 20.70 % Yes
1970 77.45 % 22,435,521 28,966,114 42.93 % 52,259,200 93,320,000 30.30 % Yes
1966 77.21 % 17,285,556 22,387,251 38.41 % 45,003,600 83,340,000 21.10 % Yes
1962 79.59 % 14,747,221 18,528,847 36.86 % 40,011,840 74,096,000 17.70 % Yes
1958 99.20 % 12,678,997 12,780,997 35.72 % 35,499,600 65,740,000 8.40 % Yes
1954 65.48 % 9,890,604 15,104,604 31.49 % 31,403,900 57,098,000 6.60 % Yes
1950 71.89 % 8,234,906 11,455,149 28.29 % 29,106,560 51,976,000 7.00 % Yes
1947 42.47 % 2,635,680 6,205,415 9.72 % 27,125,280 48,438,000 10.80 % Yes
1945 81.64 % 6,122,864 7,499,670 23.66 % 25,880,440 46,215,000 3.20 % Yes
Presidential 2018 79.67 % 117,364,654 147,306,295 76.83 % 152,762,054 208,846,892 8.70 % Yes
2014 78.90 % 112,683,879 142,821,358 74.72 % 150,803,268 202,658,788 6.34 % Yes
2010 78.50 % 106,605,942 135,804,433 77.29 % 137,925,708 6.70 % Yes
2006 81.01 % 101,998,221 125,913,479 81.32 % 125,422,653 188,078,227 4.70 % Yes
2002 79.53 % 91,664,259 115,254,113 79.12 % 115,848,256 174,468,575 6.00 % Yes
1998 78.51 % 83,297,773 106,101,067 81.03 % 102,802,554 161,790,311 18.70 % Yes
1994 84.93 % 77,971,676 91,803,851 76.85 % 101,458,500 153,725,000 18.80 % Yes
1989 88.07 % 72,280,909 82,074,718 79.36 % 91,075,840 142,306,000 6.40 % Yes
1960 80.98 % 12,586,354 15,543,332 33.43 % 37,654,200 69,730,000 7.20 % Yes
1955 59.68 % 9,097,014 15,243,246 27.48 % 33,100,650 60,183,000 5.20 % Yes
1950 72.06 % 8,254,979 11,455,149 28.36 % 29,106,560 51,976,000 4.30 % Yes
1945 83.12 % 6,200,805 7,459,849 23.96 % 25,880,400 46,215,000 5.30 % Yes
Chile Parliamentary 2017 46.53 % 6,675,146 14,347,288 49.55 % 13,472,122 17,789,267 10.16 % No
2013 49.35 % 6,698,524 13,573,143 53.66 % 12,456,705 17,216,945 7.16 % No
2009 87.67 % 7,263,537 8,285,186 59.63 % 12,180,403 16,601,707 8.92 % Yes
2005 87.67 % 7,207,351 8,220,897 63.65 % 11,322,769 15,116,435 3.70 % Yes
2001 87.11 % 7,034,292 8,075,446 66.95 % 10,506,435 15,331,887 12.65 % Yes
1997 87.32 % 7,046,361 8,069,624 73.14 % 9,634,638 14,622,354 17.70 % Yes
1993 90.96 % 7,354,141 8,085,439 81.91 % 8,978,450 13,813,000 5.50 % Yes
1989 94.73 % 7,158,646 7,556,613 86.30 % 8,295,040 12,961,000 5.10 % Yes
1973 81.75 % 3,687,105 4,510,060 63.23 % 5,831,100 10,230,000 1.60 % Yes
1969 74.15 % 2,406,129 3,244,892 45.71 % 5,263,500 9,570,000 4.10 % Yes
1965 80.57 % 2,353,123 2,920,615 50.03 % 4,703,400 8,710,000 3.00 % Yes
1961 74.54 % 1,385,676 1,858,980 32.06 % 4,321,900 7,858,000 3.30 % Yes
1957 68.39 % 878,229 1,284,159 21.97 % 3,996,720 7,137,000 Yes
1953 70.83 % 779,174 1,100,027 22.91 % 3,400,320 6,072,000 Yes
1949 79.46 % 470,376 591,994 14.20 % 3,312,960 5,712,000 2.00 % Yes
1945 65.30 % 407,826 624,495 13.15 % 3,102,420 5,349,000 Yes
Presidential 2017 46.70 % 6,700,748 14,347,288 49.74 % 13,472,122 17,789,267 1.56 % No
2013 41.98 % 5,697,751 13,573,143 45.74 % 12,456,705 17,216,945 2.02 % No
2010 86.94 % 7,203,371 8,285,186 59.14 % 12,180,403 16,746,491 3.39 % Yes
2006 87.12 % 7,162,345 8,220,897 63.26 % 11,322,769 16,150,835 2.83 % Yes
2000 90.63 % 7,326,753 8,084,476 72.36 % 10,126,098 15,155,741 2.02 % Yes
1993 90.47 % 7,314,890 8,085,439 81.47 % 8,978,450 13,813,000 3.60 % Yes
1989 94.72 % 7,157,725 7,556,613 86.29 % 8,295,040 12,961,000 2.60 % Yes
1970 83.47 % 2,954,799 3,539,747 55.27 % 5,346,000 9,720,000 1.10 % Yes
1964 86.81 % 2,530,697 2,915,121 55.19 % 4,585,680 8,492,000 0.70 % Yes
1958 83.50 % 1,250,350 1,497,493 31.07 % 4,023,800 7,316,000 1.20 % Yes
1952 86.61 % 957,102 1,105,029 27.82 % 3,439,980 5,931,000 0.30 % Yes
1946 75.93 % 479,310 631,257 15.22 % 3,149,400 5,430,000 0.30 % Yes
Colombia Parliamentary 2018 49.00 % 17,882,318 36,493,318 52.17 % 34,279,624 48,168,996 19.20 % No
2014 43.58 % 14,310,367 32,835,856 45.88 % 31,189,403 46,245,297 16.27 % No
2010 43.75 % 13,061,798 29,853,299 44.07 % 29,641,389 44,205,293 26.40 % No
2006 40.49 % 10,767,726 26,595,171 39.42 % 27,312,870 43,593,035 14.40 % No
2002 42.45 % 10,188,929 24,000,636 40.62 % 25,082,839 40,349,388 18.60 % No
1998 45.00 % 9,000,000 20,000,000 40.47 % 22,236,403 36,453,120 No
1994 36.14 % 6,145,436 17,003,195 29.18 % 21,057,200 34,520,000 7.80 % No
1991 33.00 % 4,962,383 15,037,526 25.61 % 19,376,190 32,841,000 No
1990 55.33 % 7,631,691 13,793,566 40.05 % 19,057,000 32,300,000 0.20 % No
1986 43.62 % 6,909,838 15,839,754 41.10 % 16,813,440 30,024,000 0.40 % No
1982 40.70 % 5,584,037 13,721,607 38.75 % 14,410,700 27,190,000 0.20 % No
1978 33.39 % 4,180,121 12,519,719 30.75 % 13,591,850 25,645,000 0.20 % No
1974 57.14 % 5,100,099 8,925,330 48.40 % 10,538,000 23,950,000 0.30 % No
1970 51.92 % 3,980,201 7,666,716 45.96 % 8,659,200 0.30 % No
1968 37.28 % 2,496,455 6,696,723 30.71 % 8,130,300 0.30 % No
1966 44.47 % 2,939,222 6,609,639 38.50 % 7,634,200 0.30 % No
1964 36.85 % 2,261,190 6,135,628 35.73 % 6,327,940 0.40 % No
1962 57.88 % 3,090,203 5,338,868 49.82 % 6,202,980 No
1960 57.82 % 2,542,651 4,397,541 42.84 % 5,935,440 0.20 % No
1958 68.85 % 3,693,939 5,365,191 65.04 % 5,679,240 0.10 % No
1953 1,028,323 19.30 % 5,327,520 0.30 % No
1951 934,580 17.60 % 5,310,700 0.30 % No
1949 63.16 % 1,751,804 2,773,804 34.57 % 5,066,900 0.30 % No
1947 56.35 % 1,472,686 2,613,586 30.36 % 4,850,700 No
1945 38.42 % 875,856 2,279,510 18.86 % 4,645,080 No
Presidential 2018 53.38 % 19,636,714 36,783,940 57.28 % 34,279,624 48,168,996 1.53 % No
2014 47.90 % 15,794,940 32,975,158 52.42 % 30,134,194 46,245,297 6.89 % No
2010 44.35 % 13,296,924 29,983,279 44.86 % 29,641,389 44,205,293 1.77 % No
2006 45.11 % 12,058,788 26,731,700 44.15 % 27,312,870 43,593,035 3.70 % No
2002 46.45 % 11,244,288 24,208,150 44.83 % 25,082,839 40,349,388 2.30 % No
Ecuador Parliamentary 2021 81.00 % 10,616,457 13,107,364 89.34 % 11,883,478 17,093,159 24.41 % Yes
2017 81.74 % 10,476,231 12,816,698 90.47 % 11,579,443 16,290,913 22.21 % Yes
2013 80.84 % 9,439,237 11,675,441 94.29 % 10,010,925 15,439,429 22.06 % Yes
2009 75.72 % 7,975,133 10,532,234 91.00 % 8,763,905 14,573,101 26.79 % Yes
2006 63.50 % 5,819,854 9,165,125 70.28 % 8,281,281 13,547,510 41.70 % Yes
2002 63.51 % 5,178,885 8,154,425 70.26 % 7,371,529 13,183,978 Yes
1998 64.16 % 4,537,822 7,072,496 65.84 % 6,892,210 12,091,596 22.25 % Yes
1996 67.87 % 4,521,207 6,662,007 67.83 % 6,665,580 11,694,000 22.10 % Yes
1994 65.49 % 4,044,433 6,175,991 66.30 % 6,100,400 10,900,000 15.70 % Yes
1990 69.42 % 3,651,081 5,259,114 64.68 % 5,645,200 10,264,000 16.90 % Yes
1988 77.65 % 3,610,581 4,649,684 67.03 % 5,386,700 9,794,000 22.50 % Yes
1986 74.02 % 3,149,690 4,255,346 64.93 % 4,851,000 9,330,000 30.40 % Yes
1984 71.15 % 2,656,884 3,734,076 56.05 % 4,739,800 9,115,000 29.40 % Yes
1979 80.37 % 1,678,924 2,088,874 42.54 % 3,946,500 7,893,000 17.10 % Yes
1962 699,409 31.09 % 2,249,590 4,591,000 12.10 % Yes
1958 491,357 24.67 % 1,991,850 4,065,000 2.00 % Yes
1956 71.60 % 599,227 836,955 30.72 % 1,950,750 3,825,000 Yes
1954 81.62 % 465,187 569,959 25.57 % 1,819,170 3,567,000 7.40 % Yes
1952 334,737 19.22 % 1,742,000 3,350,000 Yes
1950 64.11 % 276,821 431,794 16.86 % 1,641,640 3,157,000 7.40 % Yes
1947 56.69 % 199,860 352,550 13.25 % 1,508,000 2,900,000 6.20 % Yes
Presidential 2021 80.99 % 10,616,263 13,107,364 89.34 % 11,883,478 17,093,159 12.65 % Yes
2017 81.69 % 10,470,174 12,816,698 90.42 % 11,579,443 16,290,913 9.77 % Yes
2013 81.08 % 9,467,062 11,675,441 94.57 % 10,010,925 15,439,429 9.11 % Yes
2009 75.28 % 7,928,748 10,532,234 90.47 % 8,763,905 14,573,101 13.00 % Yes
2006 76.01 % 6,966,145 9,165,125 84.12 % 8,281,281 13,547,510 9.80 % Yes
2002 62.89 % 5,128,158 8,154,425 69.57 % 7,371,529 13,183,978 13.70 % Yes
1998 70.13 % 4,960,075 7,072,496 71.97 % 6,892,210 12,091,596 Yes
1996 71.71 % 4,777,547 6,662,007 71.67 % 6,665,580 11,694,000 11.30 % Yes
1992 73.10 % 4,174,097 5,710,363 70.66 % 5,907,550 10,741,000 Yes
1988 77.70 % 3,612,635 4,649,684 67.07 % 5,386,700 9,794,000 14.70 % Yes
1984 78.13 % 2,964,298 3,794,149 62.54 % 4,739,800 9,115,000 10.60 % Yes
1979 80.49 % 1,681,286 2,088,874 42.60 % 3,946,500 7,893,000 12.30 % Yes
1978 72.83 % 1,521,412 2,088,874 39.67 % 3,835,500 7,671,000 10.50 % Yes
1968 77.49 % 928,981 1,198,874 33.95 % 2,736,000 5,700,000 8.80 % Yes
1960 76.01 % 767,105 1,009,280 36.24 % 2,116,800 4,320,000 Yes
1956 73.41 % 614,423 836,955 31.50 % 1,950,750 3,825,000 Yes
1952 64.91 % 357,654 550,997 20.53 % 1,742,000 3,350,000 1.00 % Yes
1948 61.84 % 281,713 455,524 18.17 % 1,550,640 2,982,000 Yes
Guyana Parliamentary 2020 72.58 % 480,061 661,378 91.49 % 524,719 750,204 0.85 % No
2015 72.19 % 412,012 570,708 86.27 % 477,594 735,222 No
2011 72.89 % 346,604 475,496 75.00 % 462,142 752,940 1.32 % No
2006 68.82 % 338,839 492,369 66.44 % 509,968 767,245 1.50 % No
2001 91.73 % 403,769 440,185 72.56 % 556,488 867,371 1.80 % No
1997 88.42 % 408,057 461,481 80.16 % 509,040 848,000 1.40 % No
1992 81.00 % 308,852 381,299 63.71 % 484,800 808,000 1.80 % No
1985 291,175 65.82 % 442,400 790,000 No
1980 93.64 % 403,014 430,375 91.36 % 441,150 865,000 No
1973 82.92 % 349,587 421,575 109.52 % 319,200 760,000 0.90 % No
1968 85.14 % 314,246 369,088 111.91 % 280,800 720,000 0.60 % No
1964 96.98 % 240,120 247,604 92.81 % 258,710 631,000 0.70 % No
Paraguay Parliamentary 2018 60.88 % 2,582,360 4,241,507 52.05 % 4,961,379 7,025,763 8.16 % Yes
2013 68.24 % 2,399,626 3,516,275 58.15 % 4,126,948 6,623,252 2.82 % Yes
2008 65.48 % 1,874,127 2,861,940 49.86 % 3,759,034 6,669,086 1.50 % Yes
2003 64.02 % 1,539,800 2,405,108 47.47 % 3,243,812 5,884,491 4.30 % Yes
1998 80.48 % 1,649,419 2,049,449 59.38 % 2,777,725 5,137,440 3.34 % Yes
1993 66.22 % 1,124,986 1,698,984 45.42 % 2,476,980 4,587,000 3.60 % Yes
1989 52.01 % 1,157,781 2,226,061 53.57 % 2,161,170 4,089,000 1.90 % Yes
1988 92.17 % 1,333,436 1,446,675 63.49 % 2,100,390 3,963,000 0.60 % Yes
1983 92.62 % 1,048,996 1,132,582 56.99 % 1,840,690 3,473,000 1.10 % Yes
1978 85.96 % 1,010,299 1,175,351 66.70 % 1,514,700 2,970,000 1.30 % Yes
1973 77.39 % 814,610 1,052,652 62.26 % 1,308,300 2,670,000 1.30 % Yes
1968 73.14 % 656,414 897,445 63.99 % 1,025,800 2,230,000 1.00 % Yes
1963 85.12 % 628,615 738,472 73.41 % 856,350 1,903,000 1.80 % Yes
1958 303,478 38.27 % 792,890 1,687,000 Yes
1953 237,049 33.01 % 718,080 1,496,000 Yes
Presidential 2018 61.25 % 2,597,989 4,241,507 52.36 % 4,961,379 7,025,763 5.18 % Yes
2013 68.02 % 2,391,790 3,516,275 57.96 % 4,126,948 6,623,252 2.48 % Yes
2008 60.34 % 1,726,906 2,861,940 45.94 % 3,759,034 6,669,086 3.50 % Yes
2003 64.20 % 1,544,172 2,405,108 47.60 % 3,243,812 5,884,491 3.10 % Yes
1998 80.54 % 1,650,725 2,049,449 59.43 % 2,777,725 5,137,440 1.87 % Yes
1993 826,834 33.38 % 2,476,980 4,587,000 Yes
1989 54.03 % 1,202,826 2,226,061 55.66 % 2,161,170 4,089,000 1.10 % Yes
1988 92.17 % 1,333,436 1,446,675 63.49 % 2,100,390 3,963,000 0.60 % Yes
1983 92.62 % 1,048,996 1,132,582 56.99 % 1,840,690 3,473,000 1.10 % Yes
1978 85.96 % 1,010,299 1,175,351 66.70 % 1,514,700 2,970,000 1.30 % Yes
1973 77.39 % 814,610 1,052,652 62.26 % 1,308,300 2,670,000 1.30 % Yes
1968 73.14 % 656,414 897,445 63.99 % 1,025,800 2,230,000 1.00 % Yes
1963 85.12 % 628,615 738,472 73.41 % 856,350 1,903,000 1.80 % Yes
1958 303,478 38.27 % 792,890 1,687,000 2.70 % Yes
1953 237,049 33.01 % 718,080 1,496,000 5.20 % Yes
Peru Parliamentary 2021 70.08 % 17,722,731 25,287,954 78.60 % 22,547,509 32,201,224 27.44 % Yes
2020 74.07 % 18,369,088 24,799,384 82.80 % 22,183,941 31,914,989 19.44 % Yes
2016 81.88 % 18,731,066 22,875,582 89.58 % 20,909,390 30,741,062 34.96 % Yes
2011 83.72 % 16,701,619 19,949,915 87.41 % 19,106,922 29,248,943 23.13 % Yes
2006 88.66 % 14,624,880 16,494,906 84.09 % 17,391,147 27,925,628 26.50 % Yes
2001 81.37 % 12,128,969 14,906,233 78.61 % 15,429,603 26,076,958 11.10 % Yes
2000 81.98 % 11,942,810 14,567,468 77.18 % 15,473,768 25,796,957 Yes
1995 63.39 % 7,874,240 12,421,164 57.69 % 13,649,720 23,534,000 44.40 % Yes
1990 68.38 % 6,867,170 10,042,599 56.90 % 12,068,000 21,550,000 21.10 % Yes
1985 80.49 % 6,673,218 8,290,846 64.85 % 10,291,010 19,417,000 12.40 % Yes
1980 80.44 % 5,217,364 6,485,680 58.01 % 8,993,400 17,295,000 21.60 % Yes
1963 94.38 % 1,954,284 2,070,718 35.67 % 5,479,000 10,958,000 Yes
1962 88.60 % 1,969,474 2,222,926 36.32 % 5,422,320 10,632,000 Yes
1956 84.04 % 1,324,229 1,575,741 26.39 % 5,018,520 9,651,000 Yes
Presidential 2021 74.57 % 18,856,802 25,287,954 83.63 % 22,547,509 32,201,224 18.03 % Yes
2016 80.09 % 18,342,896 22,901,954 87.73 % 20,909,390 30,741,062 6.49 % Yes
2011 82.54 % 16,466,397 19,949,915 86.18 % 19,106,922 29,248,943 6.31 % Yes
2006 87.71 % 14,468,049 16,494,906 83.19 % 17,391,147 27,925,628 7.40 % Yes
2001 81.37 % 12,128,969 14,906,233 78.61 % 15,429,603 26,076,958 11.60 % Yes
2000 82.58 % 11,842,089 14,340,169 76.53 % 15,473,768 25,796,957 7.90 % Yes
1995 72.96 % 9,062,512 12,421,164 66.39 % 13,649,720 23,534,000 17.70 % Yes
1990 79.66 % 7,999,978 10,042,599 66.29 % 12,068,000 21,550,000 9.50 % Yes
1985 91.15 % 7,557,182 8,290,846 73.43 % 10,291,010 19,417,000 13.80 % Yes
1980 81.83 % 5,307,465 6,485,680 59.02 % 8,993,400 17,295,000 22.30 % Yes
1963 94.38 % 1,954,284 2,070,718 35.67 % 5,479,000 10,958,000 7.20 % Yes
1962 88.60 % 1,969,474 2,222,926 36.32 % 5,422,320 10,632,000 12.20 % Yes
1956 84.04 % 1,324,229 1,575,741 26.39 % 5,018,520 9,651,000 5.70 % Yes
1950 70.96 % 550,779 776,132 12.43 % 4,430,920 8,521,000 Yes
1945 58.76 % 456,310 776,572 11.36 % 4,018,040 7,727,000 Yes
Suriname Parliamentary 2020 71.57 % 274,352 383,333 62.80 % 436,850 609,569 No
2015 75.32 % 265,909 353,031 65.10 % 397,915 579,633 3.12 % No
2010 73.21 % 237,575 324,490 65.61 % 362,082 545,859 No
2005 46.68 % 155,888 333,985 52.99 % 294,209 436,935 0.70 % No
2000 69.85 % 185,064 264,961 72.34 % 255,841 416,901 2.60 % No
1996 66.66 % 179,416 269,165 71.22 % 251,930 427,000 3.30 % No
1991 64.31 % 158,809 246,926 67.77 % 234,320 404,000 No
1987 84.96 % 177,025 208,356 83.17 % 212,850 387,000 2.00 % No
1977 77.77 % 123,720 159,082 87.63 % 141,180 362,000 No
1973 76.03 % 122,711 161,400 78.66 % 156,000 400,000 No
1969 204,041 145.33 % 140,400 360,000 No
1967 207,119 144.33 % 143,500 350,000 No
Uruguay Parliamentary 2019 90.13 % 2,433,364 2,699,978 94.88 % 2,564,637 3,378,471 3.63 % Yes
2014 89.62 % 2,348,833 2,620,791 98.29 % 2,389,639 3,332,972 3.28 % Yes
2009 89.91 % 2,304,686 2,563,250 96.88 % 2,378,807 3,293,765 1.18 % Yes
2004 89.62 % 2,229,583 2,487,816 93.14 % 2,393,866 3,399,237 2.40 % Yes
1999 91.71 % 2,202,884 2,402,014 94.58 % 2,329,231 3,313,283 0.40 % Yes
1994 91.44 % 2,130,618 2,330,154 96.11 % 2,216,900 3,167,000 4.70 % Yes
1989 88.67 % 2,056,355 2,319,022 96.85 % 2,123,130 3,077,000 4.20 % Yes
1984 87.87 % 1,930,931 2,197,503 94.97 % 2,033,200 2,990,000 3.20 % Yes
1971 91.90 % 1,726,049 1,878,132 88.23 % 1,956,400 2,920,000 2.80 % Yes
1966 74.28 % 1,231,762 1,658,368 66.85 % 1,842,500 2,750,000 No
1962 76.63 % 1,171,020 1,528,239 59.98 % 1,952,380 2,914,000 No
1958 71.30 % 1,005,362 1,410,105 54.33 % 1,850,540 2,762,000 No
1954 67.87 % 879,242 1,295,502 50.88 % 1,727,930 2,579,000 No
1950 70.91 % 828,403 1,168,206 51.37 % 1,612,690 2,407,000 No
1946 67.43 % 670,229 993,892 43.86 % 1,528,270 2,281,000 No
Presidential 2019 90.13 % 2,433,364 2,699,978 94.88 % 2,564,637 3,378,471 3.63 % Yes
2014 88.57 % 2,321,230 2,620,791 97.14 % 2,389,639 3,332,972 5.95 % Yes
2009 89.18 % 2,285,958 2,563,285 96.10 % 2,378,807 3,293,765 1.78 % Yes
2004 88.29 % 2,196,491 2,487,816 91.75 % 2,393,866 3,399,237 2.40 % Yes
1999 91.84 % 2,206,112 2,402,135 94.71 % 2,329,231 3,313,283 Yes
1994 91.44 % 2,130,618 2,330,154 96.11 % 2,216,900 3,167,000 Yes
1989 84.97 % 1,970,586 2,319,022 92.82 % 2,123,130 3,077,000 Yes
1984 85.76 % 1,886,756 2,200,086 92.80 % 2,033,200 2,990,000 Yes
1971 88.61 % 1,664,119 1,878,132 85.06 % 1,956,400 2,920,000 Yes
1966 74.28 % 1,231,762 1,658,368 66.85 % 1,842,500 2,750,000 No
1962 76.63 % 1,171,020 1,528,239 59.98 % 1,952,380 2,914,000 No
1958 71.30 % 1,005,362 1,410,105 54.33 % 1,850,540 2,762,000 No
1954 67.87 % 879,242 1,295,502 50.88 % 1,727,930 2,579,000 No
1950 70.52 % 823,829 1,168,206 51.08 % 1,612,690 2,407,000 No
1946 65.34 % 649,405 993,892 42.49 % 1,528,270 2,281,000 No
Venezuela Parliamentary 2020 30.09 % 6,232,662 20,710,421 31.38 % 19,864,379 28,612,153 No
2015 73.76 % 14,385,349 19,504,106 73.78 % 19,498,303 29,275,460 4.77 % No
2010 66.42 % 11,596,239 17,458,473 66.60 % 17,413,026 27,223,228 2.48 % No
2005 25.26 % 3,604,741 14,272,964 23.88 % 15,095,296 25,375,281 5.70 % No
2000 56.05 % 6,560,503 11,705,702 46.43 % 14,131,207 24,185,517 32.04 % No
1998 52.65 % 5,792,391 11,002,589 42.66 % 13,577,150 23,237,250 14.50 % No
1993 60.16 % 5,829,216 9,688,795 48.52 % 12,012,960 20,712,000 19.18 % No
1988 81.65 % 7,500,085 9,185,647 72.70 % 10,316,320 18,422,000 3.80 % Yes
1983 87.75 % 6,825,180 7,777,892 77.10 % 8,852,760 16,394,000 3.60 % Yes
1978 87.56 % 5,449,790 6,223,903 74.48 % 7,316,920 14,071,000 3.10 % Yes
1973 96.52 % 4,572,187 4,737,152 81.07 % 5,640,000 11,280,000 3.80 % Yes
1968 94.51 % 3,907,823 4,134,928 84.63 % 4,617,600 9,620,000 5.90 % Yes
1963 90.84 % 3,059,434 3,367,787 78.26 % 3,909,120 8,144,000 6.50 % Yes
1958 92.15 % 2,684,949 2,913,801 79.66 % 3,370,710 6,879,000 3.90 % Yes
1947 1,183,764 52.06 % 2,274,000 4,548,000 Yes
Presidential 2018 45.74 % 9,389,056 20,526,978 43.67 % 21,502,096 31,689,176 1.89 % No
2013 79.64 % 15,056,160 18,904,364 80.16 % 18,782,996 28,459,085 0.44 % No
2012 80.28 % 15,176,253 18,903,937 81.98 % 18,511,639 28,047,938 1.90 % No
2006 74.69 % 11,790,397 15,784,777 76.41 % 15,431,215 25,730,435 1.35 % No
2000 56.31 % 6,600,196 11,720,660 46.71 % 14,131,207 24,185,517 5.28 % No
1998 63.45 % 6,988,291 11,013,020 52.00 % 13,439,117 22,751,362 6.45 % No
1993 60.16 % 5,829,216 9,688,795 48.52 % 12,012,960 20,712,000 3.65 % No
1988 81.92 % 7,524,760 9,185,647 72.94 % 10,316,320 18,422,000 2.79 % Yes
1983 87.75 % 6,825,180 7,777,892 77.10 % 8,852,760 16,394,000 2.52 % Yes
1978 87.55 % 5,448,800 6,223,903 74.47 % 7,316,920 14,071,000 2.13 % Yes
1973 96.52 % 4,572,187 4,737,122 81.07 % 5,640,000 11,280,000 4.31 % Yes
1968 96.73 % 3,999,617 4,134,928 86.62 % 4,617,600 9,620,000 6.97 % Yes
1963 92.21 % 3,107,527 3,369,968 79.49 % 3,909,120 8,144,000 6.07 % Yes
1958 93.42 % 2,722,053 2,913,801 80.76 % 3,370,710 6,879,000 4.09 % Yes
1947 1,172,543 51.56 % 2,274,000 4,548,000 Yes

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.