Sources

Afghanistan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Law of Afghanistan, 2010 Printed source 2, 29, 43
Political Parties Law, 1369 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 19, 23, 30, 31, 32, 35
Regulation on Campaign Finance Disclosure by Wolesi Jirga Candidates Printed source 4, 12, 17, 18, 37, 38, 42
IEC - Regulation on Electoral Campaigns Printed source 25, 39
Regulation on Political Campaign Finance Disclosure, 2009 Printed source 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 26, 30, 37, 38, 40, 41
Ohman, Magnus (2009) Campaign finance oversight in the 2009 Presidential elections in Afghanistan. IFES Political Finance White Paper Series, No 7 Printed source 2, 33
Unpublished IFES document   28

Albania

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on Albania, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 3, 19, 20, 21, 23, 26, 31, 36, 39, 41, 42
The Electoral Code of the Republic of Albania, 2008 (Electoral Act) Printed source 2, 4, 7, 8, 13, 24
Transparency International Albania (2013) Buying Influence: Money and Political Parties in Albania   3, 5
OSCE/ODIHR (2015) Needs Assesment Mission Report Republic of Albania Local Elections   20
The Electoral Code of the Republic of Albania, 2010 (Electoral Act)   34
Law no. 9970 on Gender Equality in Society, 2008   27
MoneyPoliticsTransparency.org. 2016. Albania.   35, 38, 40, 43
The Electoral Code of the Republic of Albania, 2015   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 27, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
Criminal Code of the Republic of Albania, No 7895/1995, Consolidated version as of 2013   29

Algeria

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi Organique relative au Régime Électoral, 1997 Printed source 39
Law on the Political Parties, No. 97-09, 1997 Printed source 1, 3, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 41, 43
Political Party Law and National Election Law Printed source 7
Ordonnance No. 97-07 du 27 Chaoual 1417 correspondant au 6 mars 1997 portant loi organique relative au régime électoral Printed source 33, 43
Election Law Printed source 2, 8, 10, 25, 29, 30, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40

Andorra

Attribution Type Used in Question
Lei Qualificada de Finançament Electoral, 2000 Printed source 2, 6, 8, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 25, 42
OSCE/ODIHR (2011) Principality of Andorra, Early Parliamentary Elections 3 April 2011, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report 21-23 March 2011 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 16
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Andorra, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II). Greco Third Evaluation Report, Strasbourg 27 May 2011 Printed source 7, 26, 30, 38
Llei 28/2007, del 22 de novembre, qualificada de modificació de la Llei qualificada del règim electoral i del referèndum (Revision of 1993 electoral law) Printed source 23, 25, 28
Llei 19/2014,   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43
GRECO (2015),   1, 3, 4, 18, 19, 20, 36, 42

Angola

Attribution Type Used in Question
Lei Eleitoral, 2004 Printed source 3, 20, 21, 35, 43
Law No. 2/05 Printed source 23, 24, 26, 30
EISA (2006) Angola: Mass media. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/zamparties2.htm. Updated August 2006, accessed 19 September 2011 , EISA Printed source 25
European Union Election Observation Mission (2008) Angola, Final Report, Parliamentary Elections, 5 September 2008 Printed source 41
Lei Orgânica sobre as Eleições Gerais, Ley 36/2011   1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 19, 22, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42

Antigua and Barbuda

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People (Amendment) Act 2001 Printed source 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Commonwealth Secretariat (2009) Antigua and Barbuda General Election 12 march 2009, Report of the Commonwealth Expert Team, Commonwealth Secretariat Printed source 28
Representation of the People Act, Chapter 379, 1975 Printed source 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 28, 30, 31, 37, 38, 41, 43
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 11, 19, 28, 30, 31, 33, 38, 41
Representation of the People (Amendment) Act, 2002 Printed source 23, 24, 30

Argentina

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley de Financiamiento de los partidos políticos, Ley 26.215, December 2009 (Financing Law) Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
Código Electoral Nacional, Ley 19.945; Decreto 2135, December 2009 (Electoral Law) Printed source 29, 30, 43
Expert input provided by Delia Ferreira Rubio, Independent Consultant; International Board of Transparency International, October 2011 Expert 3, 6, 17, 27, 28, 29, 30
MoneyPoliticsTransparency.org. 2016. Argentina   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 19, 37, 40, 41, 42
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   23
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016.   12

Armenia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law of the Republic of Armenia on Political Parties, 2002 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21, 26, 35, 36, 38, 40
Electoral Code of Armenia, 2011 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Armenia, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 13, 43
Central Election Commission, Decision N53-N, August 11, 2011   39
Greco (2014),   40, 41

Australia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Commonwealth Electoral Act, 1918 Printed source 29, 41
Australian Electoral Commission (2011) Funding and Disclosure Guide 2010–2011 for Political Parties Printed source 35, 39, 40, 43
Australian Electoral Commission (2011) Election Funding and Disclosure Report – Federal Election 2010 Printed source 19, 20, 36, 38, 42
More than luck (2010) Strengthening Democracy. Available at http://morethanluck.cpd.org.au/more-than-luck/strengthening-democracy/, Published 15/07/2010, Accessed 14/11/2011 Electronic source 7, 8
Australian Electoral Commission (2011) Funding and Disclosure Guide 2010–2011 for Candidates and Senate Groups Printed source 19, 37, 40
Dub, Caroline (2007) Political Donations by Companies: A Corporate Law Perspective Printed source 3, 4
Mayer, Kenneth R. (2006) Sunlight as the best disinfectant: Campaign finance in Australia. Democratic Audit of Australia, Discussion Paper 31/06 (October 2006) Printed source 22
Library of Congress (2011) Campaign Finance: Comparative Summary. Available at http://loc.gov/law/help/campaign-finance/comparative-summary.php, Published 4/4/2011, Accessed 14/11/2011 Electronic source 13, 15, 17
Library of Congress (2011) Campaign Finance: Australia. Available at http://loc.gov/law/help/campaign-finance/australia.php, Published 11/5/2011, Accessed 14/11/2011 Electronic source 1, 23
Australian Government, the Treasury (2010) Removing Tax Deductibility for Political Donations. Available at http://www.dpm.gov.au/DisplayDocs.aspx?doc=pressreleases/2010/030.htm&pageID=003&min=njsa&Year=&DocType=0, Published 25/2/2010, Accessed 14/11/2011 Electronic source 26
Gray, Anthony & Jones, Nicky (2010) To Give and to Receive: The Australian Government’s Proposed Electoral Finance Reform Printed source 2, 13, 15, 17, 33
Hourigan, Benjamin, Who Pays? Political donations and democratic accountability. Available at http://www.ipa.org.au/library/58-3-HOURIGAN.pdf, Published N/A, Accessed 14/11/2011 Electronic source 31
Australian Public Service Commission (2009) APS Values and Code of Conduct in practice Printed source 30
Australian Government Taxation Office. Available at: http://www.ato.gov.au/content/61195.htm   26
Australian Election Commission website, "Disclosure Threshold", available at http://www.aec.gov.au/Parties_and_Representatives/public_funding/threshold.htm   9, 10
Australian Electoral Commission (2012) Funding and Disclosure Guide 2011-2012 for Political Parties   39
MoneyPoliticsTransparency.org.2016. Australia.   9, 10, 11, 21
MoneyPoliticsTransparency.org, 2016, Link: Australia. https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/AU/   35, 37

Austria

Attribution Type Used in Question
OSCE/ODIHR (2010) Republic of Austria, Presidential Election 25 April 2010, OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 4, 7, 8, 11, 17, 23, 25
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
GRECO (2011) Evaluation Report on Austria, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II). Greco Third Evaluation Report, Strasbourg 9 December 2011   7, 17, 23, 25, 26
Federal Act on Federal Support of Political Parties (Support of Political Parties Act 2012), Federal Law Gazette I No. 57/2012   6, 19, 20, 21, 22
Federal Act on the Financing of Political Parties (Political Parties Act 2012 [Parteiengesetz 2012]), Federal Law Gazette I No. 56/2012)   1, 3, 5, 9, 12, 13, 15, 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Money, Politics & Transparency. 2016. Link: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/AT/   2, 10, 35, 37, 38
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   26
GRECO (2014) "Compliance report on Austria, Transparency on Party Funding"   9, 32, 35, 37, 40, 43

Azerbaijan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Code of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2003 Printed source 8, 12
Law on Political Parties of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 1992 Printed source 5, 43
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Azerbaijan, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 24, 26, 31, 32, 33, 34
2012 Amendment to the Law on Political Parties of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 1992   1, 3, 7, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 35, 39, 41
GRECO (2015) Second Compliance Report Azerbaijan: "Incriminations (ETS 173, 191, GPC2)" and "Transparency of Party Funding"   38, 41, 43
Election Code of Azerbaijan, as amended 2013   2, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43

Bahamas

Attribution Type Used in Question
Parliamentary Elections Act, 1992 Printed source 29
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Payne, Douglas, Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to the Media in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 23, 25
Transparency International (2004) National Intergrity Systems, Transparency International Country Study Report, Caribbean Composite Study 2004 , Transparency International Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19
Lobosky, Reginald H, Political Party and Campaign Financing in Bahamas. Organization of American States   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12
Political Bahamas Blog (2010) Ban foreign money from Bahamian elections, Available at http://political-bahamas.blogspot.cz/2010/11/ban-foreign-money-from-bahamian.html. Published 9 November 2010, Accessed 24 August 2012.   1, 2

Bahrain

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Association Law   1, 3, 9, 11, 35, 39, 40, 41
AbdulHadi Al-Khawaja & Abbas Mirza Al-Moorshd (2008) A study of political organizations and associations in Bahrain, The study project on parties in Arab countries   1, 9, 11, 19, 40, 41, 43

Bangladesh

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Order, 1972 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 9, 31, 32
Representation of the People Order (Amendment) Act, 2009 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 28, 31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43
Representation of the People Order, 1972 (as amended up to October 2008) Printed source 10, 12, 15, 16, 17, 23, 24, 26, 29, 30, 37, 40, 42
Transparency International Bangladesh (2009) Transparency in Political Finance in Bangladesh, Transparency International Bangladesh, Dhaka , Transparency International Bangladesh Printed source 19, 25, 35, 41
Bangladesh Election Commission, Bangladesh Electoral System. Available at http://www.ecs.gov.bd/English/. Published N/A, accessed N/A , Bangladesh Election Commission Electronic source 24
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Link: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BD/   11, 13, 14

Barbados

Attribution Type Used in Question
The General Elections (Allocation of Broadcasting Time) Regulations, 1990 Printed source 23, 24, 25
Wickham, Peter W & Marshall, Dave, Political Party and Campaign financing in Barbados, OAS Unit for the Promotion of Democracy/International IDEA Printed source 26, 27, 38, 39
Selvin, Ryan, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C. Printed source 3, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 31, 33, 35, 36, 39, 40
Barrow-Giles, Cynthia, Political Party Financing and Women’s Political Participation in the Caribbean in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C Printed source 27, 28
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 2, 4, 6, 37
Representation of the People Act, No 12 of 1991   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 37
Barbados Free Press (2007) Cuban Government Injects Monies Into Barbados Political Party – Should This Be Allowed?. Available at http://barbadosfreepress.wordpress.com/2007/05/21/cuban-government-injects-monies-into-barbados-political-party-should-this-be-allowed/, Published 21 May 2007, Accessed 24 August 2012   1

Belarus

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Code of the Republic of Belarus, No. 370-Z, 2000 Printed source 20, 21, 24, 29, 30, 35
Legal Acts on Political Parties, No. 3266-XII of Oct 5, 94, 1994 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 41, 42, 43
Venice Commission & OSCE/ODIHR (2010) Joint Opinion on the Amendments to the Electoral Code of Belarus as of 17 December 2009 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 25, 33, 34, 37, 43
Law On Amendments and Modifications to Some Laws of the Republic of Belarus Regulating the Conduct of Elections and Referendums, 2009 Printed source 12, 26, 30, 39, 40
OSCE/ODIHR (2012) Republic of Belarus – Parliamentary Elections, 23 September 2012, Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions   10
Electoral Code of the Republic of Belarus, No. 370-Z, 2000 (amanded 2013)   23

Belgium

Attribution Type Used in Question
Code Electoral/Algemeen Kieswetboek Printed source 29
Political Finance Act, 1989 Printed source 22, 40
GRECO (2009), Evaluation Report on Belgium, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15, 17, 18, 26, 30, 35, 36, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43
Bruce E. Cain, Russell J. Dalton, Susan E. Scarrow (2003) Democracy transformed?: expanding political opportunities in advanced industrial democracies, Oxford University Press, Oxford Printed source 24, 25
OSCE/ODIHR (2007) Belgium, Federal Election 10 June 2007, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 24
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Link: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BE/   19, 21, 23, 32, 33, 34, 38
Loi 4 Juillet 1989, "relative à la limitation et au contrôle des dépenses électorales, ainsi qu'au financement et à la comptabilité ouverte des partis politiques", as modified in 2014   3, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43

Belize

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Act, 1978 Printed source 29
Payne, Douglas, Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to the Media in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 23, 25
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 17, 19, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37

Benin

Attribution Type Used in Question
Charte des Partis Politiques, Loi 2001-21, 2001 Printed source 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20, 21, 26, 35, 38, 39, 40
Loi Electorale, Loi No. 2010-33, 2010 (Electoral Law Act) Printed source 7, 8, 11, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
- no information found in sources -   15

Bhutan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Act of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2008 Printed source 11, 29, 30
Public Election Fund Act of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2008 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 27, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Media Coverage of Election Rules and Regulations of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2009, Election Commission of Bhutan, 2009 , Election Commission of Bhutan Printed source 23, 24, 25, 30
European Union Election Observation Mission (2008). Bhutan, Final Report, National Assembly Elections, 24 March 2008. EU Election Observation Mission, 21 May 2008 , EU Election Observation Mission Printed source 6, 27, 28
Election Commission of Bhutan, Public Transport for Elections Regulations of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2012   29
Election Commission of Bhutan, Political Party Rules of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2012   3, 14, 29, 30, 31, 33, 35, 40

Bolivia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Republic of Bolivia Constitution, 2009 Printed source 6, 8, 10, 17, 25
Ley de Partidos Politicos, No. 1983 Political Parties Act 1, 3, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 35, 43
Ley del Régimen Electoral, Ley No. 026, June 30 2010 Electoral Act 1, 6, 10, 12, 17, 29, 30, 35, 36, 39, 40, 41, 43
Ley de Régimen Electoral, Ley No. 018, June 16 2010 Printed source 24, 35
Texto ordenado de la Ley de Reforma Tributaria, Ley No. 843, May 28 1986 Printed source 26
Ley No. 004, March 31 2010 Printed source 30, 41
Global Integrity Report (2010) Scorecard: Bolivia 2010. Available at http://www.globalintegrity.org/report/Bolivia/2010/scorecard   4
ACE Encyclopaedia (2011) Parties and Candidates; Bolivia. Available at http://aceproject.org/epic-es/CDCountry?set_language=en&topic=PC&country=BO   19
Ley Nº 3925 Ley De 21 De Agosto De 2008   19
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at:: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BO/   2, 11, 23, 38
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016   5

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Political Party Financing of Bosnia and Herzegovina 2012   1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20, 21, 27, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
International IDEA: 2014. Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns: A Handbook on Political Finance.   28
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BA/   5, 9, 17
Election Law of BiH (2014), Published in Official Gazette of BiH 7/14   23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 41

Botswana

Attribution Type Used in Question
EISA (2009) Botswana Parliamentary and Local Government Elections 16 October 2009, EISA Election Observer Mission Report No.35, Johannesburg , EISA Printed source 1, 7, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26
Electoral Act, Chapter 02:09 Printed source 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
EISA (2005) Political Parties in Botswana, EISA Research Report No 27, Johannesburg , EISA Printed source 9, 39
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BW/   11

Brazil

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil (2010) (Constitution) Printed source 1, 19, 23
Lei dos Partidos Políticos No. 9.096, de 19 de setembro de 1995 (2009), (Political Parties' Law) Printed source 1, 5, 7, 9, 13, 19, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 35, 36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43
Lei das Eleições No. 9.504, de 30 de setembro de 1997 (2010), (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 2, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 24, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 13
1838, Brazilian Elections´ Law (9.504/97)

 

  18
Brazilian Elections´ Law (9.504/97)

 

  18
Processo ADI/4650, Supremo Tribunal Federal.   3, 4
National Election Law #13.165/2015   28
Money, Politics and Transparency, 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BR/   23
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   20

Bulgaria

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections of Members of Parliament Act, 2001 Printed source 2, 6, 8, 10
Political Parties Act, 2009 Printed source 2, 5, 11, 12, 19, 22, 27, 28, 35, 40, 41
Presidential Election Act, 1991 Printed source 2, 6, 10
Election Code of Bulgaria Printed source 17, 18, 20, 21
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Bulgaria, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 3, 4, 7, 10, 20, 22, 26, 39, 42
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/BG/   11, 13, 14, 15, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 43
Election Code of Bulgaria, March 2014, published in Official Gazette nr. 19, 2014   1, 3, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
OSCE/ODIHR (August 2014) Needs Assessment Mission Report   19, 20, 21, 24
GRECO (2014) Second Compliance Report on Bulgaria, "Incriminations (ETS 173 and 191, GPC2)", "Transparency of Party Funding"   30, 41

Burkina Faso

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 014-2001/AN portant Code Électoral, 2001 Printed source 29
Loi No. 008-2009/AN portant Financement des Partis et Formations Politiques et des Campagnes Electorales Printed source 20, 21, 22, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
Loi 028/AN du 14 juin 2008 portant Creation, Attribution et Fonctionnement du Conseil Superieur de la Communication Printed source 23, 24, 25
Loi No. 009-2009/AN portant Statut de l'Opposition Politique Printed source 23, 26
Recommandation No. 2010-001/CSC relative a L'egal Acces des Partis Politiques aux Media en Periode Hors Electorale Printed source 23
Boly, M. Abdouramane, Sampinbogo M. Salifou (2006) Le mode de financement des partis politiques au Burkina Faso, ACCPUF-Bulletin N06, Novembre 2006 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Wondwosen Teshome B (2009) Political Finance in Africa: Ethiopia as a Case Study, International Journal of Human and Social Sciences 4:6 2009 Printed source 13
Ohman, Magnus (2011) Global Trends in the Regulation of Political Finance. Paper presented at the IPSA-ECPR Joint Conference, Sao Paulo 16 – 19 February 2011   27

Burundi

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi Portant Code Electoral, 2005 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 43
Constitution Post- Transition de la Republique du Burundi Printed source 1
Loi No. 1/006 du 26 juin 2003 portant Organisation et Fonctionnement des Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 3, 5, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 30, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Code de Bonne Conduite des Partis Politiques, des Medias et de l'Administration en Periode Electorale, Fevrier 2010 Printed source 5, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 30
Union Europeenne Mission D’Observation Electorale (2010) Burundi, Rapport Final, Elections communales, présidentielle, législatives, sénatoriales et collinaires 2010, Printed source 19
Global Integrity Report (2007) Scorecard: Burundi 2007. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Burundi/2007/scorecard/27   2, 4, 6

Cambodia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Elections of Members of the National Assembly, 1997 Printed source 29, 41
Law on Political Party, 1997 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, 19, 21, 22, 35, 40, 41, 43
Ohman, Magnus (2011) Political Finance Regulations in Cambodia. IFES, Phnom Penh Printed source 7, 9, 13, 15, 17, 21, 23, 24, 26, 30, 31, 33, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Law on Political Party, 2007 Printed source 20
Expert input provided by Phea Sat, Program Coordinator for Electoral Affairs IFES Cambodia Expert 2, 4, 6, 8, 10

Cameroon

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 200/015 on Party and Campaign Financing, 2000 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 43
Law No. 90-56 relating to Political Parties, 1990 Printed source 1, 13, 14, 23, 24
Loi No. 92/010 du 17 Septembre 1992 fixant les conditions d'election et de suppleance a la Presidence de la Republique Printed source 29
Decret No 2000/35 du 08 Octobre 2001 fixant l'Organisation, la Composition, les Attributs et les Modalites de fonctionnement de la Commission de Controle de l'Utilisation des Fonds destines au Financement Public des Partis Politiques Printed source 35, 36, 40, 41
Law relating to the electoral code, 2012   2, 26, 29

Canada

Attribution Type Used in Question
Canada Elections Act, 2000 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 20, 23, 24, 25, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Income Tax Act Printed source 26
Canada Elactions Act, 2000   19, 41
Canada Elections Act 2000 (1 April 2012 amendment)   15, 17, 18
2425,Canada Elections Act, 2000   21
Canada Elections Act (amended 2015)   38

Cape Verde

Attribution Type Used in Question
Código Eleitoral, Lei No. 56/VII/2010 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Wondwosen Teshome B (2009) Political Finance in Africa: Ethiopia as a Case Study, International Journal of Human and Social Sciences 4:6 2009 Printed source 13

Central African Republic

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of CAR, 2003 Printed source 28
Loi No. 09.016 portant Code Electoral de la République Centrafricaine, 02 Octobre 2009 (Electoral Act) Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
EISA (2010) EISA Pre-election Assessment Mission: Central African Republic, March 2010, EISA, Johannesburg , EISA Printed source 23, 25
Wondwosen Teshome B (2009) Political Finance in Africa: Ethiopia as a Case Study, International Journal of Human and Social Sciences 4:6 2009 Printed source 1, 9, 13, 35, 36

Chad

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution de la Republique du Tchad, 1996 Printed source 23, 24
Code Electoral, No. 003/2009, 2009 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 43
Loi no 45 du 14 decembre 1994, portant Charte des Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 40
Code de Bonne Conduite des Partis, des Groupements Politiques et des Candidats aux Elections au Tchad Printed source 29, 30
Union Europeenne Mission D’Observation Electorale (2011) Tchad, Rapport Final, Élections législatives du 13 février 2011 Printed source 20

Chile

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley 19884, 2003 (Political finance law) Political Finance Act 21
Constitución Política de la República de Chile (July 2011) (Constitution) Printed source 1, 2, 42
Ley No. 18603, Orgánica Constitucional de los Partidos Políticos (August 2003) (Political Parties' Law) Printed source 1, 2, 26, 35, 40, 42, 43
Ley No. 18700, Orgánica sobre votaciones populares y escrutinios (September 2009) (Voting and Counting Law) Printed source 1, 2, 23, 24, 25, 29
Ley No. 19884, Sobre Transparencia, Límite y Control del Gasto Electoral (September 2005) (Financing Law) Printed source 1, 2, 7, 8, 12, 19, 20, 30, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42, 43
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/CL/   11, 21, 32, 33, 34
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   23, 42
Ley 18603 Ley Orgánica Constitucional de los Partidos Políticos (April 2016) (Political Parties' Law) (Printed Source)   3, 13, 14, 19, 20, 22, 28, 43
Ley 19884, Sobre transparencia, límite y control del gasto electoral (April 2016) (Political Finance Law) (printed source)   4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 26, 27, 28, 31, 34, 39

Colombia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitución Política de Colombia (2009) (Constitution) Printed source 1, 2, 15, 20, 21, 23, 26, 30, 33
Ley 130 de 1994. Estatuto Básico de los Partidos y Movimientos Políticos (2011) (Political Parties' Law) Printed source 3, 4, 7, 12, 21, 22, 24, 25, 26, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41, 43
Ley 1475 de 2011, por la cual se adoptan reglas de organización y funcionamiento de los partidos y movimientos políticos, de los procesos electorales y se dictan otras disposiciones (Political Parties' Organization Law) Printed source 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 40, 42, 43
Código Penal Colombiano, Ley 1142 de 2007 (Penal Code) Printed source 29
Resolution 521 from 2009 of the EMB for the 2010 congressional elections Printed source 34
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 3, 4, 7, 8
C1153-2005 (Sentencia de la Corte Constitucional)   11

Comoros

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Code for Constitutional Referendum, 2001   29
Comoros Web (2010) Comores : Quand les medias ne respectent pas la loi électorale. Available at http://www.lexpress.mu/story/19384-comores-quand-les-medias-ne-respectent-pas-la-loi-electorale.html. Published 23 December 2010, Accessed 12 Oct 2011   25, 30
Mission francophone (2006) Rapport de la Mission francophone d’observation des élections primaires et du scrutin présidentiel des 16 AVRIL et 14 MAI 2006 aux Comores   19

Congo, Democratic Republic of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election law, 2006 Printed source 5, 11, 24, 25, 29, 30, 43
Loi No.04/002 du 15 mars 2004 portant Organisation et Fonctionnement des Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 7, 9, 19, 23, 24, 30, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Decret-loi No. 194 Relatif aux Partis et Regroupements Politiques, 1999 Printed source 1, 19, 20, 21
Loi No. 21-2006 du 21 aout sur les Partis Politiques Printed source 3

Costa Rica

Attribution Type Used in Question
Código Electoral, Ley No. 8765, August 2009 (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 15, 17, 19, 21, 22, 23, 25, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42
Reglamento sobre el financiamiento de los partidos políticos, Decreto No. 17-2009, October 2009 (Political Parties Financing Law) Printed source 9, 38, 40, 41
Constitución de la República de Costa Rica (July 2003) (Constitution) Printed source 12, 20
Expert input provided by Ronald Chacón Badilla, Head of the Political Parties' Financing Department, Supreme Electoral Tribunal, October 2011 Expert 23, 25, 26, 31, 33
Codigo Electoral, Ley no. 8765, August 2009 (Electoral law)   25
CRINIS. 2007. Money in Politics- Everyone's concern.   13, 14
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/CR/   11, 43
International IDEA (2014) "Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns. A Handbook on Political Finance".   28

Côte d'Ivoire

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 2000-514 du 1er aout 2000 portant Code Electoral Printed source 25, 30
Loi No. 2004-494 du 10 septembre 2004 relative au Financement sur Fonds Publics des Partis et Groupements Politiques et des Candidats a l'Election Presidentielle Printed source 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 11, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Code de bonne conduite des partis politiques, des regroupements, des forces politiques et des candidats aux elections en Cote d'Ivoire Printed source 23, 24, 29, 30

Croatia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Act on Election of Representatives to the Croatian Parliament, 2003 Printed source 20, 21, 23, 24, 25
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Croatia, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 15, 26, 30, 31, 37, 40, 43
Political Activity and Electoral Campaign Financing Act, 2011 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Criminal Code, No 110/1997 Printed source 29
The Act on Gender Equality NN 82/08, THE CROATIAN PARLIAMENT 2663   43
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/HR/   11

Cyprus

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus Printed source 42
Law on Political Parties of 2011 (Political Party Law) Printed source 7, 29, 36, 40
GRECO (2011) Evaluation Report on Cyprus on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 31, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
OSCE/ODIHR (2011) Republic of Cyprus, Parliamentary Elections, 22 May 2011. OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report, OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 10, 24, 27, 28, 30
Political Party Law, as amended December 2015   3, 5, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 19, 20, 21, 26, 35, 36, 38, 41, 43
OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report, March 2016   9, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 39
Law on Political Parties, as amended in 2015 (Political Party Law)   1

Czech Republic

Attribution Type Used in Question
Act 247 on Elections to the Parliament of the Czech Republic, 1995 Printed source 25, 26, 28
Act 424/1991 on Association in Political Parties and Political Movements , 1991 Printed source 9, 11, 28, 38, 39, 40
GRECO (2011) Evaluation Report on the Czech Republic on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 31, 36, 37, 41, 42, 43
Romea (2011), Penalty for vote-buying in Czech elections could be up to three years in prison. Available at http://www.romea.cz/english/index.php?id=detail&detail=2007_2118. Published 29/01/2011, Accessed 16/05/2011 Electronic source 29
CZ Presidential elections, "Electoral Law", available at http://czechpresidentialelections.com/the-political-context/electoral-law/   33, 34
Act of Law 424/1991 Coll., on association in political parties and political movements   35

Denmark

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Denmark on Transparency of Party Funding.(Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Straffeloven, 1930 Printed source 29
Partiloven/LBK nr 1123 af 24/10/2006   7, 8, 9, 10, 35, 38, 43
LBK nr 1291 af 08/12/2006   19

Djibouti

Attribution Type Used in Question
Organization Law 11/24/1981 Electing National Association Members Printed source 25
The International Republican Institute & International Foundation for Electoral System (2005) Djibouti, 2005 Pre-Election Assessment Report, IRI/IFES. Printed source 19, 20

Dominica

Attribution Type Used in Question
The Commonwealth of Dominica Consitution Order, 1978 Printed source 42
House of Assembly (Elections) Act, No. 14, 1951 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 23, 25, 28, 29, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 42, 43
Organization of American States (2009) Final Report of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission to the General Elections in the Commonwealth of Dominica, December 18 2009 , OAS Printed source 19, 23, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Public Service Act, Act 27, 1991 Printed source 11, 30
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 28, 31, 33, 35

Dominican Republic

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley Electoral No. 275-97 y sus modificaciones, República Dominicana (Electoral Law) Electoral Act 1, 2, 3, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 29, 30, 35, 36, 40, 42
Código Penal de la República Dominicana, 1998 (Criminal Code) Printed source 29
Cueato, Francisco, Financiación de los Partidos Políticosen la República Dominicana, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamentos de los partidos políticos en América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 5, 9, 15, 22, 27, 28, 41
Expert input provided by Mario Núñez, Subdirector Nacional de Elecciones, Junta Central Electoral, October 2011 Expert 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 13, 17, 25, 26, 31, 33, 37, 38, 39
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico   43
Cost pf Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   20

Ecuador

Attribution Type Used in Question
Codificacion de la ley de partidos politicos, 2000 Political Parties Act 30
Ley orgánica electoral y de organizaciones políticas de la República del Ecuador, Código de la Democracia (April 2009) (Electoral law) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Constitución de la República del Ecuador (2010) (Constitution) Printed source 23, 24, 25
Reglamento para la asignación del Fondo Partidario Permanente a favor de las organizaciones políticas (July 2011) (Financing Regulation) Printed source 21, 35
Expert input provided by Fabricio Cóndor, Director de Fiscalización del Financiamiento Político del Consejo, Nacional Electoral de Ecuador Expert 3, 28
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico   27, 28, 43
INE & UNDP. 2014. Electoral Studies in Compared International Perspective: Election Campaign Regulation in 18 Latin American Countries.   33
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/EC/   19

Egypt

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law 38/1972, Concerning the People's Assembly, 1972 Parliamentary Election Act 2, 8, 29
Law 174/2005, Regulating the Presidential Elections, 2005 Presidential Election Act 2, 4, 6, 11, 17, 18, 30, 36, 37, 39, 41
Law 40/1977, Political Party Law, 1977   1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 26, 35, 41, 43
Ammar, Dima (2009) Public Funding of Political Parties: The Case of Egypt in Public Funding Solutions for Political Parties in Muslim-Majority Societies, IFES. , IFES Other 20, 21
Democracy Reporting International (2011) Report Comprehensive Assessment of Egypt's Electoral Framework 11 July 2011.   19
Presidential Decision N. 22/2014 on   33, 34, 43
The Political Rights Law, No. 45/2014   33
IFES, 2015.Elections in Egypt 2015:House of Representatives Elections.   12, 25, 33, 34, 40
Law on the Exercise of Political Rights. 2014.   10, 41, 43
Political Party Finance Regulation: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring   23

El Salvador

Attribution Type Used in Question
Código Electoral, Decreto No. 417, May 2009 Electoral Act 19, 20, 21, 25, 30
Constitución de la República de El Salvador, Decreto Constitucional No. 38, May 2009 Constitution 19, 29, 30, 43
Reglamento para la Propaganda Electoral, November 19th 1996 (Campaigning Law) Printed source 25
Código Penal, Decreto No. 1030, May 2011 (Penal Code) Printed source 29, 43
Expert input provided by Ing. Jaime E. Juárez, Director of Strengthening of Democratic Institutions, Supreme Electoral Tribunal, October 2011 Expert 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 22, 27, 28, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 41
Artiga-González, Álvaro, La Financiación de los partidos políticos en El Salvador, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 42, 43
Ley de Impeustos sobre la Renta, Decree 134/1991 (as amended) Printed source 26
Ley de partidos políticos Decreto nº307 Political Parties Act 9, 11, 23, 23
INE & UNDP. 2014. Electoral Studies in Compared International Perspective.   11, 24
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America   5
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America.   6, 42

Equatorial Guinea

Attribution Type Used in Question
Convergencia para la Democracia Social (2011) COMUNICADO: El Gobierno niega financiación a CPDS para la campaña electoral. Available at http://www.cpds-gq.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=176:comunicado-el-gobierno-niega-financiacion-a-cpds-para-la-campana-electoral&catid=4:noticias&Itemid=6. Published 30/10/2011, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 19
El Pacto Nacional Vinculante (16 de marzo de 1993) Publicamos el documento del "Pacto Vinculante" (16/3/93) y sus dos evaluaciones de 26/4/97 y 26/9/01. Printed source 19, 23, 24, 26, 30

Estonia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Local Government Council Election Act, 2002 Printed source 6, 10, 17, 37
Riigikogu Election Act, 2002 Printed source 2, 3, 6, 10, 11, 12, 17, 25, 37, 39, 43
Political Parties Act, 1994 Printed source 7, 8
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on Estonia, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 4, 9, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 26, 31, 33, 42, 43
ERR News (2011) Court Fines Man for Buying Votes in Municipal Election. Available at http://news.err.ee/Politics/5ffc8ee3-d5cd-4eee-9d15-67e38d7a82d0, Published 1/10/2011, Accessed 29/11/2011   29
Parliamentary Elections, 1 March 2015 OSCE/ODIHR Election Expert Team Final Report   35, 40, 41
Political parties Act (1994) As amended in 2013   1, 3, 5, 9, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Riigikogu Election Act, 2015   30

Ethiopia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Laws of FDR Ethiopia, 1995 Printed source 22
Political Parties Registration Proclamation, 2008 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 7, 9, 11, 12, 19, 22, 29, 35, 39
Regulation concerning the Procedure for determining the Apportionment of Government Financial Support to Political Parties (5/2009) , National Electoral Board Printed source 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43
Electoral Law of Ethiopia, proclamation No. 532/2007 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 30

Fiji

Attribution Type Used in Question
European Union Observation Election Mission (2006), Fiji, Final Report, Legislative Elections 6-13 May 2006 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 27, 28
Electoral Act, 1998 Printed source 30, 41, 42
Political Parties (Registration, Conduct, Funding and Disclosures) Decree 2013, Decree 4 of 2013   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
Electoral Decree 2014, Decree 11 of 2014   11, 29

Finland

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2007) Evaluation Report on Finland on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 23, 24, 26, 31, 43
Partilag, 1969 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 30, 31, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Lag om kandidaters valfinansiering, 2009 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 18, 25, 27, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41
Strafflag, 1989 Printed source 29, 43
Yearly decision of the government Printed source 28
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political FInance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   26

France

Attribution Type Used in Question
Code Electoral Printed source 2, 4, 17, 18, 23, 24, 29, 34, 37, 43
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on France, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 16, 20, 21, 26, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Ohman, Magnus (2011) Global Trends in the Regulation of Political Finance. Paper Presented at the IPSA-ECPR Joint Conference, February 2011. Printed source 27
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
CNCCFP (2011) Le rôle de la commission - partis politiques. Available at http://www.cnccfp.fr/index.php?art=689, Published N/A, Accessed 17/11/2011 Electronic source 41
Loi n° 88-227 du 11 mars 1988 relative à la transparence financière de la vie politique   1, 3, 13, 14, 15
Expert Input from Ms Barbara Jouan, Legal Expert at the National Commission for Campaign Accounts and Political Finances   11, 22, 28, 30, 38
OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report, 10-11 May 2012, Republic of France Parliamentary Elections, 10 and 17 June 2012   24, 25
GRECO (2013) Third Evaluation Round, Interim Compliance Report on France, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II)   13, 14
Expert Barbara Jouan, National Commission for Campaign Accounts France.   15
OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission Final Report, Republic of France Parliamentary Elections, 10 and 17 June 2012   34
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016   26
LOI n° 2013-907 du 11 octobre 2013 relative à la transparence de la vie publique   13

Gabon

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 07/96 du 12 mars 1996, portant Dispositions Communes à toutes les Élections Politiques République Gabonaise Printed source 26, 29, 30, 43
Loi No. 24/96 du 6 juin 1996 relative aux Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 20, 21, 35, 40
Loi No. 07/2001 portant Code de la Communication Audiovisuelle, Cinematographique et Ecrite Printed source 23, 24, 25

Gambia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections Decree 78, 1996 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 43

Georgia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election code of Georgia Electoral Act 42
Organic law of Georgia on political unions of citizens Political Parties Act 31, 32, 35, 40
Election Code of Georgia, 2001 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 26, 39, 41, 43
Organic Law of Georgia on Political Unions of Citizens, 1997 (as of 2012) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 20, 21, 22, 23, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
GRECO (2011) Evaluation Report on Georgia on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 42
Criminal Code of Georgia, 1999 Printed source 29
Organic Law of Georgia on Political Unions of Citizens, 1997 (as of 2015)   27, 33
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/GE/   19
Election Code of Georgia, 27 October 2015   19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 40

Germany

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties Act, 2004 Printed source 1, 7, 12, 19, 21
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Germany on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 20, 24, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 36, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Criminal Code, 1998 Printed source 29
Expert input provided by Dr Michael Koss, Assistant Professor, University of Potsdam Expert 24
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
OSCE/ODIHR (2009) Federal Republic of Germany, Elections to the Federal Parliament 27 September 2009, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 41
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/DE/   9, 11, 22, 23, 35, 37, 38

Ghana

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, 1992 Printed source 1, 23, 24, 25, 35, 38
Political Parties Law Act 574, 2000 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 11, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41
PNDCL 284 Representation of the People Law, 1992 Printed source 29
Ghana Center for Democratic Development (2005) Financing Political Parties in Ghana: Policy Guidelines, CDD-Ghana Printed source 19, 26
European Union Election Observation Mission (2009) Ghana, Final Report, Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, 2008 Printed source 23, 24, 26, 31, 37
MC Modern Ghana (2009) Ghana's 2008 elections: A rainbow coalition. Available at http://www.modernghana.com/news/197910/50/ghanas-2008-elections-a-rainbow-coalition.html. Published 9 January 2009, Accessed 11 Oct 2011 Electronic source 13, 15
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/GH/   43

Greece

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Greece on Transparency of Party Funding, GRECO (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 42, 43
Expert input provided by Maria Archimandritou, Assistant Professor School of Law Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 31 August 2011 Expert 29
GRECO (June 2015) Third Interim Compliance Report on Greece: "Incriminations (ETS 173 and 191, GPC 2)", "Transparency of Party Funding"   9, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41
Law 4304/2014, which amends Law 3023/2002 "on Financial Control of political parties and elected representatives to the national and European Parliaments, and other provisions”   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Political party finance law 2002, as amended in 2004   32

Grenada

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral law, 1958 Printed source 29
Organization of American States (2008), Final Report of the Electoral Observation Mission for the General Elections in Grenada July 8 2008, Secretariat for Political Affairs , OAS Printed source 19, 23, 25, 26, 31
Transparency International (2004) National Intergrity Systems, Transparency International Country Study Report, Caribbean Composite Study 2004 , Transparency International Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19
Parliamentary Elections Office, Election Basics. Available at http://www.caribbeanelections.com/grenada/learning/basics.asp. Published N/A, Accessed 1 December 2011 Electronic source 33, 34, 41
Payne, Douglas, Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to the Media in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 23, 25
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19, 31, 35, 36, 37

Guatemala

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, Decreto No. 1-85, January 2007 (Electoral Law) Electoral Act 2, 4, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 37, 41
Reglamento de Control, Fiscalización del Financiamiento Público y Privado, de las Actividades Permanentes y de Campaña Electoral de las Organizaciones Políticas, Acuerdo No. 019-2007 (Political Organizations Financing Law) Political Parties Act 5, 6, 11, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40
Reglamento de Control y Fiscalización de las Campañas Publicitarias de las Elecciones Generales, Acuerdo No. 131-2007 (Campaigning Law) Election Campaign Act 12, 23, 25, 41, 42
Expert input provided by Carlos Enrique Girón Girón, Auditor Electoral, Tribunal Supremo Electoral, October 2011 Expert 3, 4, 7, 8, 12, 22, 25, 27, 28, 29, 33, 37, 41, 42
IFES (2011) Elections in Guatemala, November 6 Run-off Presidential Election, Frequently Asked Questions. IFES, Washington Printed source 32, 39
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 5, 24
Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos 2011   1, 10, 19, 26
Ley Electoral y de Partidos Políticos, 2011   35, 43
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   9, 23

Guinea

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi Organique L/91/002 du 23 decembre 1991 portant Charte des Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 9, 13, 14, 19, 23, 24, 35, 39, 41, 43
Loi portant Subventions Publiques des Activites des Partis Politiques Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27
Loi organique N0 91/012/CTRN portant Code Electoral, Modifie par Loi organique L/2010/.../CNT du 22 avril 2010 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
Union Europeenne Mission D’Observation Electorale (2011) Republique de Guineé, Rapport Final, Élections presidentielle de 2010 Printed source 19, 28

Guinea-Bissau

Attribution Type Used in Question
European Union Election Observation Mission (2009) Guinea Bissau, Final Report, Early Presidential Elections 28 June - 29 July 2009 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 19, 31, 33
Lei quadro dos Partidos Políticos, Lei No. 2/91, 1991 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, 35, 38, 42
Lei Eleitoral Para Presidente da República e Assembleia Nacional Popular, Lei No. 3/98, 1998 Printed source 2, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43

Guyana

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Act, Chapter 1:03 Printed source 28, 29, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
Payne, Douglas, Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to the Media in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 23, 25
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19, 19, 36

Haiti

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi Electorale, 1999 Printed source 40
Loi Electorale, 2008 Electoral Act 9, 10, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 27, 30, 36, 37, 39, 41, 42, 43
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C   31, 33

Honduras

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitución Política de 1982, Decreto No. 131, 2009 (Constitution) Printed source 1, 2
Ley electoral y de las organizaciones políticas, Decreto 44-2004, 2009 (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 13, 15
Expert input provided by Oscar Dario Valladares R., Director Administrativo y Financiero, Tribunal Supremo Electoral, October 2011 Expert 7, 8, 13, 15, 17, 22, 23, 25, 27, 28, 31, 33, 39, 41, 42
INE & UNDP. 2014. Electoral Studies in Compared International Perspective.   11

Hungary

Attribution Type Used in Question
Act C of 1997 on Electoral Procedure, 1997 Printed source 22, 23, 24, 25, 30
Act XXXIII of 1989 on the Operation and Financial Management of Political Parties Printed source 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 15, 20, 21, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Hungary on Transparency of party funding (Theme II) Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 20, 26
Criminal Code of Austria, 1978 (as amended) Printed source 29
Act XXXIII of 1989 on the Operation and Financial Management of Political Parties (amended in 2014)   3
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at: http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/HU/   1, 20, 21, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
Act LXXXVII of 2013 on the Transparency of Campaign costs related to the Election of the Members of the National Assembly, 2013   19, 20, 21, 22, 31, 32, 36, 37, 38, 40

Iceland

Attribution Type Used in Question
Act on Parlimentary Elections to the Althing, No. 24/2000, 2000 Printed source 29
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on Iceland, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43
Kristján Guy Burgess & Ágúst Pór Árnason, Country Reports on Political Corruption and Party Financing, Iceland. Printed source 3, 7, 12, 30
Government of Iceland Prime Minister's Office (2010) Progress Report on RC-III Iceland, The Implementation of the Recommendations of GRECO on Iceland of party funding (theme II) Printed source 14, 18, 33, 34, 38, 39
Lög um breytingu á lögum nr. 162/2006, um fjármál stjórnmálasamtaka og frambjóðenda og um upplýsingaskyldu þeirra (Law 119/2010) Printed source 18, 43
Lög um fjármál stjórnmálasamtaka og frambjóðenda og um upplýsingaskyldu þeirra (Law 162/2006) Printed source 37

India

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of India, 1954 Printed source 28
Representation of the People Act, 1951 Printed source 1, 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 17, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
Companies Act, 1956 Printed source 3, 4, 5, 6, 11
Election Commission of India (2007). Model Code of Conduct for the Guidance of Political Parties and Candidates. Election Commission of India, Nirvachan Sadan, New Dehli Printed source 30
Narayan, Dr. Jayaprakash (2011). Electoral and Political Party Reforms in India. Mont Pelerin Society (MPS) Asia Regional Meeting 2011, Dehli Printed source 19
Election Commission of India (2009). Handbook for Candidates (At Elections where Electronic Voting Machines are used). Election Commission of India, New Dehli Printed source 38, 43
The Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010 Printed source 1, 2
Trade Unions Act, 1926 Printed source 8
LiveMint.com (2012) Spending limits take the buzz out of poll campaigns. Available at http://www.livemint.com/2012/01/29225058/Spending-limits-take-the-buzz.html. Published 29 January 2012, Accessed 16 August 2012.   31
Indian Election Commission (2011) Instructions on Elections Expenditure Monitoring (September - 2011).   41, 42
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at;: https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/IN/   13, 14, 15, 16
Financing Democracy. OECD. 2016.   38

Indonesia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Law Printed source 29, 40, 42
Law No. 2 on Political Party, 2011 Printed source 3, 5, 7, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21, 22, 30, 35, 39, 40
Law No. 10 on General Election for Members of People’s Representative Council, Regional Representative Council, And Regional People’s Representative Council, 2008. Printed source 1, 2, 4, 8, 9, 10, 15, 30, 36, 37, 38, 39
Law No. 42 on the Election of President and Vice President, 2008 Printed source 1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 26, 30, 37
Strategic Review, 2013. "Political Party Spending in Indonesia is a Recipe for Corruption"   31, 33
Money, Politics and Transparency. 2016. Available at; https://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/ID/   14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 41, 43

Iran, Islamic Republic of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Activities of Political and Trade Parties, Associations and Societies, 1981 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 15, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Elections Act of Islamic Consultative Assembly (1999) Printed source 11, 15, 23, 29, 30, 43
Alem, Yasmin (2011). Duality by Design: the Iranian Electoral System. International Foundation for Electoral System (IFES), Washington Printed source 23, 25, 28, 42
Asayesh, Hossein, Ab Hali, Adlina & Shojae, Seyedeh Nosrat (2010) Obstacles of Political Party Development in Iran. Report and Opinion, 2010;2(10) Printed source 19, 23

Iraq

Attribution Type Used in Question
Independent High Electoral Commission, Election campaign regulations   2, 30
Order 97 of the Coalition Provision Authority   12
Election Law   29, 30

Ireland

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act No. 25, 1997 Printed source 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 21, 27, 43
Local elections (disc of dona and exp) Act 7, 1999 Political Finance Act 4
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Ireland, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 17, 19, 20, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Standards in Public Office Commission Homepage Electronic source 38
European Parliament Elections Act, 1997 Printed source 29
Local Elections Regulations, 1995 Printed source 29
Bruce E. Cain, Russell J. Dalton, Susan E. Scarrow (2003) Democracy transformed?: expanding political opportunities in advanced industrial democracies, Oxford University Press, Oxford Printed source 24
Standards in Public Office Commission Annual report 2010 Printed source 19
Standards in Public Office Commission Annual report 2003 Printed source 30
Expert input from Dr Elaine Byrne, Lecturer on Irish Politics, Trinity College Dublin Expert 11
Electoral (Amendment) (Political Funding) Act 2012   7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 18

Israel

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties Financing Law 5733-1973, 1973 Printed source 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 20, 21, 31, 35, 36, 39, 40
Parties, Lists, Parliamentary Groups and Movements. Available at http://www.knesset.gov.il/elections17/eng/about/PartiesEtc_eng.htm. Published N/A, Accessed 20 August 2011 Electronic source 4, 6, 8, 10, 11
Basic Law, the Knesset, 1958 Printed source 1, 12
Levush, Ruth (2009) Campaign Finance: Israel. Library of Congress (available at http://www.loc.gov/law/help/campaign-finance/israel.php 2011-08-21) Electronic source 2, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 32
Hofnung, Menachem (2005) Israel, in Thomas, Grant D. (ed) Lobbying, Government Relations and Campaign Finance Worldwide: Navigating the Laws, Regulations and Practices of National Regimes. New York, Oceana Publications (a division of Oxford University Press) Printed source 26, 30, 38, 42
Hofnung, Menachem (2008) Unaccounted Competition: The Finance of Intra-Party Elections. Party Politics, 2008:14:726, Sage Publications Printed source 33, 34, 37, 38, 41, 43
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
Law: Elections for the Knesset (1969)   29
Money, Politics & Transparency. 2016. Available at: http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/IL/   43

Italy

Attribution Type Used in Question
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
OSCE/ODIHR (2008) Italy Parliamentary Elections 13 and 14 April 2008, OSCE/ODIHR Election Assesment Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 36, 37, 43
Global Integrity Report (2010) Scorecard: Italy 2010. Available at http://www.globalintegrity.org/report/Italy/2010/scorecard Electronic source 4, 5, 11, 17, 35, 42
Legge 22 Febbraio 2000, No. 28, Disposizioni per la Parità di Accesso ai Mezzi di Informazione durante le Campagne Elettorali e Referendarie e per la Comunicazione Politica Printed source 23, 24, 25, 30
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2011) Italy Report, Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 Printed source 24
Legge 18 novembre 1981, n. 659 Modifiche ed integrazioni alla legge 2 maggio 1974, n. 195, sul contributo dello Stato al finanziamento dei partiti politici   1, 2
Legge 2 maggio 1974, n. 195 “Contributo dello Stato al finanziamento dei partiti politici”   3, 5, 6
Legge 3 giugno 1999, n. 157 "Nuove norme in materia di rimborso delle spese per consultazioni elettorali e referendarie e abrogazione delle disposizioni concernenti la contribuzione volontaria ai movimenti e partiti politici"   26
Codice Penale   29
Legge 10 dicembre 1993, n. 515 - Disciplina delle campagne elettorali per l'elezione alla Camera dei deputati e al Senato della Repubblica.   2
GRECO (2012) Evaluation Report on Italy, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II). Greco Third Evaluation Report, Strasbourg 23 March 2012   1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 12, 17, 23, 24
LEGGE 6 luglio 2012, n. 96   33, 39
Money, Politics &Transparency: Italy. 2016. Available at: http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/IT/   9, 10, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 31, 32, 33, 34, 38, 40, 41, 43
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA, 2016.   26
Law n. 13/2014, "abolizione del finanziamento pubblico diretto, disposizioni per la trasparenza e la democraticitá dei partiti e la disciplina della cntribuzione volontaria e della contribuzione indiretta in loro favore" (Party finance law)   3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 19, 26, 28, 35, 38, 41, 43

Jamaica

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Act, 1965 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 38, 40, 43
Electoral Commission of Jamaica (2010) Report to Parliament, Political Party Registration and Financing, July 2010, Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 19
Citizens Action for Free & Fair Elections (2010) Jamaica: Supporting National Election Observation with CAFFE, Final report Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 35, 36
Organization of American States (2008) Final Report of the Electoral Observation Mission in Jamaica, General Election 2007 Printed source 35, 36
Payne, Douglas, Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to the Media in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 23, 25
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 17
Zainulbhai, Hani (2011) In Jamaica, citizens stand against political corruption, in IFES Nigeria Political Finance Newsletter, Vol 2, No 11. Printed source 31
Expert input provided by Pauline Welsh, Electoral Commission of Jamaica, December 2011   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 28, 42

Japan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of Japan, 1946 Printed source 30
Global Integrity Report (2008) Scorecard: Japan 2008. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Japan/2008/scorecard Electronic source 3, 4, 7, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 23, 29, 31, 37, 38, 40, 42, 43
Transparency International (2006) National Integrity Systems, Transparency Country Study Report, Japan 2006 , Transparency International Printed source 19, 21, 22, 27, 33, 35, 36
ACE Project, The Electoral Knowledge Network, Formulas for Allocating Time. Available at http://aceproject.org/main/english/pc/pce03a.htm. Published N/A, accessed 23 August 2011 Electronic source 24
BBC News Acia-Pacific (2011) Japan PM Naoto Kan admits foreign donations. Available at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12709242. Published 11 March 2011, accessed 24 August 2011 Electronic source 43
Free Choice Foundation (2007) Election System in Japan Printed source 2, 6, 9, 23, 26, 33, 37, 38, 43
Political Funds Control Act, 1948 (as amended by Act No. 135 of 2007) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 35, 39, 41, 43
Public Offices Election Act, 1950 (as amended by Act No. 35 of 2011) Printed source 5, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 34
National Public Service Act, 1947 (as amended by Act No.108 of 2007) Printed source 11
Political Subsidies Act, 1994 (as amended by Act No of 2011) Printed source 19, 20, 22
Act on Annual Payment, Travel Expenses, Allowances, etc. Payable to Members of the Diet, 1947 (as amended by Act No.80 of 2010) Printed source 26
Act on Special Measures Concerning Taxation, 1957 (as amended by Act 105 of 2011) Printed source 26
Broadcast Act, 1950 (as amended by Act No.65 of 2010) Printed source 30
Order for Enforcement of the Public Office Election Act, 1950 (as amended by Order No.296 of 2011) Printed source 34
Political Funds Control Act (Act No. 135, December 28, 2007)   10
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   26

Jordan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Party Law, No. 19, 2007 Printed source 23, 24, 27, 38, 39, 42
Election Law for Parliament, 2010 Printed source 10, 16, 17, 29, 30
Political Party Contribution System, No. 89, 2008 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 28
Political Parties Law 2012   1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 22, 23, 35, 40, 43
Executive instructions for regulations of election campaign issued according to the provisions of paragraph (F) of article (12) of the Independent Election Commission (ICE) Law number (11) for the year 2012   2, 12, 29, 30, 37

Kazakhstan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Political Parties of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2002 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 38, 40, 41, 43
Constitutional Act of the Republic of Kazakhstan, On Elections in the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1995 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 18, 23, 25, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Elections Act   17, 33, 34

Kenya

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties Act, 2011 Printed source 1, 3, 7, 9, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, 30, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Elections Act, 2011 Printed source 11, 23, 24, 25, 28, 29, 30
The Election Campaign Financing Act, Act 42 of 2013, Date of Assent 24 December 2013   1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 17, 18, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43

Kiribati

Attribution Type Used in Question
Kiribati Independence Order, 1979 Printed source 40, 41, 42
Transparency International (2004) National Integrity Systems, Transparency International Country Study Report, Kiribati 2004 , Transparency International Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 26, 28, 30, 31, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40
Elections (Amendment) Act 2009 Printed source 29, 41
Penal Code, Cap 67, 1977 Printed source 43

Korea, Republic of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Republic of Korea, National Election Commission Electronic source 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 17, 18, 22, 26, 27, 28, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42
Political Fund Act, No.10395, Jul. 23 2010 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 17, 18, 22, 26, 27, 28, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
State Public Officials Act, 1949 (as amended by Act No. 10148 of 2010) Printed source 11
Public Official Election Act, 1994 (as amended by Act No. 11070 of 2011) Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34
Political Parties Act (No. 10396, July 23, 2010)   12
Financing Democracy: Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns and the Risk of Policy Capture. OECD. 2016.   13, 19, 20, 21

Kyrgyzstan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitutional Law of the Kyrgyz Republic, On elections of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic and deputies of Jogorku Kenesh of the Kyrgyz Republic, 2011 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43
Law of the Kyrgyz Republic on Political Parties, 1999 Printed source 1, 13, 19, 43
OSCE/ODIHR (2010) Kyrgyz Republic, Parliamentary Elections 10 October 2010, OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 35, 36, 38, 40
OSCE/ODIHR (2011) Kyrgyz Republic Presidential Election 2011, OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Interim Report No 1 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 34, 37

Latvia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Financing of Political Organisations (Parties) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 26, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Law on Pre-election Campaign Before the Saeima Elections and Elections to the European Parliament, 2004 Printed source 5, 25, 30
OSCE/ODIHR (2010) Republic of Latvia, Parliamentary Elections 2 October 2010, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report 14-16 July 2010 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 19
The Criminal Law Printed source 29, 43
Law On Prevention of Squandering of the Financial Resources and Property of the State and Local Governments Printed source 30
OSCE/ODIHR. 2014. Election Assessment Mission Final Report.   14, 23, 24, 37

Lebanon

Attribution Type Used in Question
Parliamentary Elections Law, No. 25, 2008 Parliamentary Election Act 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 23, 25, 29, 30, 33, 34, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43
Association Law   13, 35
Article 8   14
Ohman, Magnus (2009) The Political Finance Framework in Lebanon. IFES, Beirut.   1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19, 31, 35, 36, 38, 42

Lesotho

Attribution Type Used in Question
National Assembly Election Order, 1992 Printed source 3, 7
Guidelines for the Coverage of Elections on Radio and TV in Lesotho Printed source 24
National Assembly Electoral Act, 2011 Printed source 1, 5, 9, 12, 15, 22, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Wondwosen Teshome B (2009) Political Finance in Africa: Ethiopia as a Case Study, International Journal of Human and Social Sciences 4:6 2009 Printed source 13
Shale, Victor (2012) Political party funding in Lesotho and its impact on functioning of parties   19, 20, 21, 31

Liberia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of Liberia, 1984 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 15, 23, 35, 40, 43
National Elections Commission (2011) Campaign Finance Regulations for Political Parties and Candidates Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 30, 32, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Ohman, Magnus (2011) Political Finance Provisions in Liberia, And suggestions for reforms. IFES, Monrovia Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 26
The New Elections Law, 1986 Printed source 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 43
Carter Center (2012) Final Report National Elections in Liberia Fall, 2011.   19

Libya

Attribution Type Used in Question
Decision No. (59) of 2012 on Rectifying the Regulation of Candidate and Political Entities Election Campaigning. High National Elections Commission Board of Commission.   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 23, 25, 29, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41
Law No. 4 of 2012, the General National Congress election   29, 43
Regulation on Electoral Campaigning for the CDA Election Annexed to BOC Decision 46 (2013)   31, 32, 33, 34

Liechtenstein

Attribution Type Used in Question
Gesetz über die Aus von Beiträgen an die politischen Parteien, 1984 Printed source 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 27, 28, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42
OSCE/ODIHR (2009) Principality of Liechtenstein 2009, Parliamentary Elections, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report 15-16 December 2008 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 21, 23, 25, 28, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Volksrechtegesetz, VRG (People's Rights Act), 1973 Printed source 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 25, 28, 30, 36, 37, 41, 42
Expert input provided by Dr Wilfried Marxer, Director and Head of Research, Liechtenstein Institute, 24 August 2011 Expert 41, 42
Strafgesetzbuch (StGB), 1987 (Penal Code) Printed source 29
Expert input provided by Dr Sebastian Wolf, Research Officer, Liectenstein Institute, 6 September 2011 Expert 29

Lithuania

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Elections to Municipal Councils, 1994 Printed source 29
Law on Elections to the European Parliament, 2003 Printed source 29
Law of the Republic of Lithuania on Elections to the Seimas, 1992 Printed source 24, 25, 29
Law on Presidential Elections, 1992 Printed source 29
Law on Funding of Political Parties and Political Campaigns and Control of Funding, 2004 Printed source 17, 18, 21, 33, 34, 36, 37
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Lithuania on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 11, 20, 23, 26, 31, 32, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
GRECO (2011) Compliance report on Lithuania, Incriminations (ETS 173 and 191, GPC 2), Transparency of Party Funding , GRECO Printed source 30, 41
Law on funding of, and control over funding of, political parties and political campaigns (23rd August 2004/amended 6th of December 2011)   1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 20, 22
GRECO (2013) Third Evaluation Round, Second Compliance Report on Lithuania ”Incriminations (ETS 173 and 191, GPC 2)” and ”Transparency of Party Funding”   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8

Luxembourg

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi Electoral, 2003 Printed source 20, 21, 22, 26, 29
Loi portant Réglementation du Financement des Partis Politiques, 2007 Printed source 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 20, 21, 22, 36, 40, 43
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on Luxembourg on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 4, 6, 8, 13, 15, 17, 30, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 39, 41, 43
Venice Commission (2006) Draft opinion on the prohibition of donations to political parties from foreign sources. Opinion no. 366 / 2006.   1

Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-)

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Local Elections, 1996 Printed source 34
Law on Election of President of the Republic of Macedonia Printed source 34
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 26
Law on Financing Political Parties   1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Electoral Code (2011)   2, 4, 6, 11, 12, 23, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Criminal Code   43
OSCE/ODIHR (2011) The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Early Parliamentary Elections, 5 June 2011 OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Final Report.   24
Political Finance and Gender Equality. Zigan & Ohman. 2014. IFES.   15, 16, 17
IFES. 2014. Political Finance and Gender Equality   18

Madagascar

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi 2009-002 relative aux Partis Politiques, 2009 Printed source 5, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 40
EISA (2010) Madagascar: Political party finances. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/madparties2.htm. Updated June 2010, accessed on 26 August 2011 , EISA Electronic source 7, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 30, 31, 33, 36, 38, 40, 42, 43
Ordonnance No. 2010-003 portant loi organique relative au Code Électoral Printed source 23, 29, 30
Mission d’observation de la Francophonie (2007) L’élection présidentielle du 3 décembre 2006 à Madagascar, Rapport de la Mission d’observation de la Francophonie 27 novembre au 7 décembre 2006.   2
LOI n° 2011- 012 relative aux partis politiques   1, 3

Malawi

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution, 1994 Printed source 19, 20
Parliamentary and Presidential Elections Act 31 of 1993 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 23, 24, 29
EISA - Malawi: Political party finances. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/malparties3.htm Updated June 2006, accessed on 26 August 2011 , EISA Electronic source 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 27, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
Sokomani, Andile (2005) Money in Southern African Politics: The party funding challenge in Southern Africa, African Security Review 14(4) Printed source 19, 21, 22
EISA (2009) Malawi: Women's representation quotas. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/madparties2.htm. Updated June 2009, accessed 18 August 2011 , EISA Electronic source 28
European Union Election Observation Mission (2009) Malawi, Final Report, Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, May 2009 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 31, 33, 37, 40
EISA (2006) Malawi: Code of conduct. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/malparties4.htm, Published June 2006, Accessed 29/11/2011 Electronic source 29

Malaysia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections Offences Act, 1954 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 39, 40, 43
The Nut Graph (2010) Who pays our political parties? Available at http://www.thenutgraph.com/who-pays-our-political-parties/, Published 29/07/2010, Accessed 21/10/2010 Electronic source 15, 17, 19, 35, 36
Goodtimes (2011) Understanding political financing crucial for voters, Available at http://goodtimes.my/index.php/Politics-Government/understanding-political-financing-crucial-for-voters.html, Published N/A, Accessed 31/10/2011 Electronic source 3

Maldives

Attribution Type Used in Question
Regulation on Political Parties, 2005 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 9, 11, 19, 22, 23, 27, 30, 35, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
EU Election Expert Mission (2008), Republic of the Maldives, Final Report, Presidential Election 8 October and 28 October 2008 Printed source 23, 25, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39
Transparency International (2008), Domestic observation of the 2008 Maldivian Presidential Election, Transparency International Maldives Printed source 25, 33, 34, 38
The Commonwealth Expert Team (2009), Maldives People’s Majlis (Parlimentary) Elections 9 May 2009, Commonwealth Secretariat Printed source 17, 18, 25, 33, 34, 37, 38, 39, 40
Maldives Penal Code, 1975 Printed source 29
Transparency Maldives (2011) Transparency in Political Financing in Maldives, CRINIS Research Project   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 36, 41

Mali

Attribution Type Used in Question
Code portant loi Electoral, No.06-044, 2006 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 43
Loi No. 05-047 du 18 aout 2005 portant Charte des Partis Politiques Printed source 3, 12, 13, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 35, 40, 41, 43
La Constitution du Mali du 12 janvier 1992 Printed source 23, 24

Malta

Attribution Type Used in Question
General Elections Law, No. 354, 1991 Electoral Act 7, 29
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Malta on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 11, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 26, 27, 31, 36, 37, 40
EPRA (2000) Political Communication on Television Matters for debate, EPRA, Paris. Available at http://www.epra.org/content/english/press/back.html Electronic source 24, 25
Foreign Interference Act, Chapter 300, 1987 Printed source 2
The Financing of Political Parties Act, 2015. Published in the Government Gazette 28 July, 2015.   5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 23, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
GRECO (October 2015) SecondInterim Compliance Report on Malta:"Transparency of Party Funding"   9, 10, 35, 41, 43

Marshall Islands

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of the Repulic of the Marshall Islands, 1979 Printed source 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 26, 28, 35, 36, 37, 42
Elections and Referenda Act, 1980 Printed source 3, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 23, 26, 28, 30, 35, 36, 37, 42
Election Offences Act, 2004 Printed source 29, 42, 43
Political Broadcast Access Act, 2004 Printed source 25
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (2008) Report of the Pacific Islands forum, Election Observer Team to the Republic of the Marshall Islands’ Nitijela (Parliamentary) Elections 19 November 2007 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 26, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37

Mauritania

Attribution Type Used in Question
Legal Order No. 035-2006 relating to Election Campaign Finance Printed source 2, 6, 10, 15, 16, 17, 18, 33, 37, 39
Decree No. 113-2006 regarding the Limitation in the Election Campaign Printed source 34
Political Party Law Printed source 1, 9, 19, 20, 21, 35, 40, 43

Mauritius

Attribution Type Used in Question
EISA (2010) The Mauritius National Assembly Elections 3 May 2010, EISA Election Observer Mission Report No.33, Johannesburg , EISA Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 26, 28, 30, 31, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 42
Independent Broadcasting Authority (2010) Political Broadcasts and Party Election Broadcasts General Guidelines for Private and Public Broadcasters: General Elections 2010. Available at http://www.gov.mu/portal/goc/iba/file/Doc-2010-04-12-%20Guidelines%20Genral%20Elections%202010.pdf. Accessed 18 August 2011. Electronic source 23, 24, 25
Representation of the People Act of 1968 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 43
EISA (2010) Mauritius: Political party funding. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/mauparties2.htm. Published May 2010, Accessed 3 Oct 2011 Electronic source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 19

Mexico

Attribution Type Used in Question
Código Federal de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales, 2008 (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 13, 14, 15, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 39, 41, 42
Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1917 (September 2011) (Constitution) Printed source 30
Código Penal Federal, 1931 (2011) (Federal Criminal Code) Printed source 29, 30
Cordoba, Lorenzo (2011) Mexico: Naturaleza de los Regímenes de Financiamiento Político (Público, Privado, Mixto). International IDEA Printed source 8, 17
Ley General de Instituciones y Procedimientos Electorales 2014   37, 43
Ley General de Partidos Políticos, 2014   38, 40
INE & UNDP. 2014. Electoral Studies in Compared International Perspective.   34
Financing Democracy: OECD. 2016   7, 12, 19, 23, 35
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America   20

Micronesia, Federated States of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Public Law No. 14-76, Revised National Election Act of 2005 Printed source 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 26, 29, 30, 37, 41, 43
Code of the Federated States of Micronesia, 1997 Printed source 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 25, 28, 35, 36, 37, 41
Transparency International (2004), National Integrity Systems, Transparency International Country Study Report, Federated States of Micronesia 2004, Transparency International Australia, Australia Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 28, 31, 33, 35, 36
The Constitution of the Federated States of Micronesia, 1979 Printed source 7, 9, 13, 15, 19, 28, 35, 36

Moldova, Republic of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Political Parties, 2007 Printed source 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 26, 27, 28, 35, 42, 43
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Moldova, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 15, 31, 32, 33, 34, 42, 43
Electoral Code Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 16, 23, 24, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34
Electoral Code of the Republic of Moldova 2015   1, 19, 20, 21, 25, 26, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41
Electoral Code of the Repu   1
Law on Political Parties, 2012   19, 20, 21, 22
Moldova Electoral Code (amended 2015)   17, 18

Monaco

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution Monégasque, 1962 Printed source 30
Loi No. 839 sur les Élections Nationales et Communales, modifiée, 2007 Printed source 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 29, 30, 43
Council of Europe (2008) The state of democracy in Europe; The functioning of democratic institutions in Europe and progress of the Assembly’s monitoring procedure, Parliamentary Assembly, Council of Europe, Strasbourg Printed source 11, 12, 27, 28, 31, 35
Arrêtés Ministeriel (2011), Arrêtés Ministeriel n° 2011-37 du 25 janvier 2011 déterminant le montant forfataire de remboursement des frais de campagne à l'éléction du Conseil Communal des 13 et 20 mars 2011, Journal de Monaco, Bulletin Officiel de la Principauté, Printed source 21
Council of Europe (2008) Observation of the Parliamentary Elections in Monaco 3 February 2008, Parliamentary Assembly, Council of Europe, Strasbourg Printed source 23, 25
Code Pénal, 1968 Printed source 43
GRECO (2012) Evaluation Report on Monaco, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II). Greco Third Evaluation Report, Strasbourg 23 March 2012   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 15, 17, 31, 33, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43

Mongolia

Attribution Type Used in Question
The International Republican Institute (2008) Mongolian parliamentary election June 29 2008, Election Observation Mission Final Report, IRI, Washington Printed source 23, 32, 34, 41
Mongolian Foundation for Open Society (Soros Foundation) (2003) The Political Party and elections campaign financing assessment study-Mongolia, The Mongolian Foundation for Open Society Printed source 35, 40
Transparency International (2001) National Integrity Systems, Country Study Report Mongolia 2001 , Transparency International Printed source 35
Law on Political Parties, 2005 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 30, 38, 39, 43
The Law on Election of State Great Hural 2011   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43

Montenegro

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on the Election of Mayor Printed source 11, 29, 30
Law on Election of President of Montenegro, 01/-1482/2, 2007 Printed source 30
Law on Financing of Political Parties Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 30, 31, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Montenegro on Transparency of party funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 30, 36, 37, 40, 42
Law on the Election of Councellors and Representatives Printed source 26
Law on Financing the Election Campaign for the President of Montenegro, Mayor and President of Municipality (Official Gazette of Montenegro 08/09 of 4 February 2009)   2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12
Law on Amendments to the Law on Financing of Political Parties. Adopted 17 February 2014.   12, 22, 30, 41, 43
GRECO (2014) Second Compliance Report on Montenegro   11

Morocco

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Party Law Printed source 1, 5, 9, 12, 13, 14, 18, 19, 20, 22, 35, 38, 40, 43
Joined Decision by the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Justice Printed source 23, 24
Joined Decision by the Minister of Interior and the Minister of Finance and Economy, No. 403.09 Printed source 27, 28
Election Law (Election Code) Printed source 33, 34, 39
Election Law Printed source 2, 8, 15, 17, 23, 29, 30, 37, 41
International IDEA (2014) "Funding of Political Parties and Election Campaigns. A Handbook on Political Finance".   28

Mozambique

Attribution Type Used in Question
EISA 2004, EISA Mozambique Election Update 2004 No. 1. 4, 5. Printed source 20, 21
EISA (2009) Mozambique: Party funding. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/mozparties4.htm. Updated July 2009, accessed 27 June 2011 , EISA Electronic source 22
EISA (2009) Election Observer Mission Report: The Mozambique Presidential, Parliamentary and Provincial Elections of 28 October 2009 , EISA Printed source 24
Electoral Law, no 12/2014 of April 23rd, 2014 (Amends Law no 8/2013 of the 27th of February, 2013)   1, 2, 3, 11, 12, 19, 20, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43

Myanmar

Attribution Type Used in Question
Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law No. 3/2010 of 8 March 2010 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
Amyotha Hluttaw Election Law No. 4/2010 of 8 March 2010 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
Region/State Hluttaw Election Law No. 5/2010 of 8 March 2010 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
Political Parties Registration Law No. 2/2010 of 8 March 2010 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 35, 41
2015 General Election: Campaign Finance for Candidates and Parties. STEP Democracy & International IDEA. 2015.   2, 4, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 23, 24, 26, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 43
Pyithu Hluttaw Election Law- Third Amendment. 2016.   43

Namibia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act, No. 24 of 1992, 1992 Printed source 1, 2, 12, 29, 38, 39, 42, 43
BOER, M 2004, "The Life of the Party: The Hidden Role of Money in Namibian Politics", Institute for Public Policy Research, Occasional Paper No 5/2004, [www] http://www.hsf.org.na/download/OccPap5Boer.pdf (accessed 13 August 2011). Electronic source 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 32
EISA (2009) The Namibia Presidential and National Assembly Elections 27 and 28 November, EISA Election Observer Mission Report No.34, Johannesburg , EISA Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24
Transparency International (2010) NURU Promoting Transparency in Political Finance in Southern Africa – Comparative analysis and findings from Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Transparency International Zimbabwe , Transparency International Printed source 11, 22, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41
EISA (2006) Namibia: Party funding. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/namparties4.htm, Published June 2006, Accessed 29/11/2011 Electronic source 31

Nauru

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution of Nauru, 1968 Printed source 3, 7, 9, 11, 12, 15, 19, 23, 28, 30, 36, 42
Criminal Code, 2006 Printed source 29, 41, 42, 43
Electoral Act, 1965-2011 Printed source 9, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 23, 25, 28, 30, 33, 36, 37, 42
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (2007), Report of the Pacific Islands Forum election observer team to Nauru's 2007 general election, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 33, 37
Expert input provided by Katy Le Roy, Parliamentary Councel, The Parliament of Nauru, 12 August 2011 Expert 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 26, 28, 33, 36, 37, 41
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat (2010) Report of the Pacific Islands Forum Election Observer Mission to the April 2010 Nauru General Elections, Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat Printed source 25
Expert input provided by Katy Le Roy, Parliamentary Councel, The Parliament of Nauru, 14 August 2011 Expert 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 23, 26, 31, 35, 36, 42
Electoral Act No.15, 2016   11, 29

Nepal

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election to Members of the Constituent Assembly Act No. 2, 2007 Printed source 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37
Political Parties Act, 2058 Printed source 1, 9, 35, 38, 39, 40, 43
Election Offences and Punishment Act, No 2, 2007 Printed source 29, 30
Jha, Hari Bansh (2007) Financing Election and Electoral Reforms in Nepal, Centre for Economic and Technical Studies, Latipur Printed source 19, 23
Global Integrity Report (2009) Scorecard: Nepal 2009. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Nepal/2009/scorecard Electronic source 3, 4, 7, 13, 15, 17
Transparency International (2010) Report on Transparency in Political Finance in Nepal - Pilot study conducted under Crinis Project in Bangladesh, Indonesia and Nepal, Transparency International Nepal , Transparency International Printed source 24
European Union Election Observation Mission (2008) Nepal, Final Report, Constituent Assembly Election 10 April 2008 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 23
Expert input provided by C. K. Lal, Nepalese Journalist and Commentator, 7 October 2011 Expert 2, 5, 6, 8, 41

Netherlands

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections Law, No. 28, 1989 Printed source 15, 29, 36, 43
Wet subsidiëring politieke partijen (Political parties funding Act), 1999 Printed source 7, 9, 11, 12, 15, 36
Algemene Rekenkamer (the Netherlands Court of Audit) (2011), Funding of Political Parties, The Hague Printed source 1, 9, 12, 15, 23, 24, 40
Mediawet, 2008 Printed source 23
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on the Netherlands on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 26, 31, 36, 40
GRECO (2010) Compliance Report on the Netherlands, Transparency of Party Funding Printed source 9, 41, 42, 43
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
Wet inkomstenbelasting, 2001 Printed source 26
Wet van 7 maart 2013, houdende regels inzake de subsidiëring en het toezicht op de financiën van politieke partijen (Wet financiering politieke partijen   10, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 38, 39, 40, 43

New Zealand

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act, No. 87, 1993 Printed source 1, 2, 9, 10, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Broadcasting Act, No. 25, 1989 Printed source 20, 21, 23, 24
Ministry of Justice (2009) Electoral Finance Reform, Issues Paper Printed source 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 17, 18, 20, 22, 25
Elections New Zealand. How to make a donation protected from disclosure. Available at http://www.elections.org.nz/rules/parties/donations/make-donation-protected-from-disclosure.html. Published N/A, Accessed 13 October 2011 Electronic source 9
Expert input provided by Prof. Andrew Geddis, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Otago Expert 11
Parliamentary Service Amendment Act, 2010 Printed source 22
Cabinet Office (1989) Appendix B: Guidelines for Government Advertising Printed source 30

Nicaragua

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley Electoral No. 331, 2000 (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
Resolución del Consejo Supremo Electoral para el Control y Administración del Financiamiento Estatal, Donaciones y Aportes Privados a las Organizaciones Políticas en la Campaña Electoral de las Elecciones Nacionales del 05 de Noviembre de 2006. Printed source 36, 37
Velásquez Zelaya, Rosa Marina, Financiamiento político en Nicaragua, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 13, 27, 28, 36
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016   20
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016.   23

Niger

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ordonnance du 16 decembre 2010 portant Charte des Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 3, 9, 11, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Ordonnance N0 2010-96 du 26 decembre 2010 portant Code Electoral Printed source 25, 26, 29, 30

Nigeria

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act, 2010 Printed source 9, 13, 15, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Independent National Electoral Commission (2010) Political Party Finance Handbook Printed source 3, 5, 7, 19
Ohman, Magnus (2010) New Electoral Act fails to address loopholes in campaign finance transparency, IFES Nigeria Political Finance Newsletter, Vol 1, No 1 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 31
Electoral Act, 2010 (amended)   1
Independent National Electoral Commission, Guidelines for Political Rallies and Campaigns, 2014   37

Norway

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2006) Evaluation Report on Norway, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 42
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2011) Norway Report, Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 Printed source 25
LOV-2013-02-01-6: Lov om endringar i partiloven   1, 5, 9, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43

Pakistan

Attribution Type Used in Question
The Political Parties Order, 2002 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 15, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 43
The Representation of People Act, 1976 Printed source 8, 10, 11, 12, 15, 17, 28, 29, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
European Union Election Observation Mission (2008) Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Final Report, National and Provincial Assembly Elections 18 February 2008 , European Commission Printed source 19, 23, 25, 26, 28, 31, 38
International Crisis Group (2005) Authoritarianism and Political Party Reform in Pakistan, Asia Report No. 102 – 28 September 2005, International Crisis Group Printed source 19
Election Commission of Pakistan (2010), Political Finance Report from National Workshop 3-4 November 2010, Election Commission of Pakistan, Pakistan Printed source 8, 11, 12, 15, 19, 23, 25, 26, 31, 36
The Political Parties Rules, 2002 Printed source 35
Global Integrity (2010) Scorecard: Pakistan 2010. Available at http://www.globalintegrity.org/report/Pakistan/2010/scorecard Electronic source 31

Palau

Attribution Type Used in Question
Code of Ethics Act, 33 PNCA, 1999 Printed source 2, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 17, 28, 30, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Voting Rights Act, 23 PNCA, 1981 Printed source 7, 8, 9, 11, 25, 28, 29, 30, 35, 36, 41

Panama

Attribution Type Used in Question
Código Electoral de Panamá, 2006 (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 38, 43
Constitución Política de la República de Panamá, 2004 (Constitution) Printed source 42
Decreto 38 del 23 de Diciembre de 2004 Printed source 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41
Expert input provided by Magda Ceballos, Dirección de Asesoria Legal, Tribunal Electoral de Panamá, October 2011 Expert 3, 4, 7, 8, 11, 15, 17, 25, 31, 33
Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico   13, 15, 28, 42
Escoffery, Eduardo Valdés (2011) "Principales Características de la Financiación de Partidos Políticos en Panamá" in Guiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico   31, 33
Transparency International & The Carter Center (undated) The Crinis Project: Money in politics, everyone’s concern.   37
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA.2016   20
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016.   23

Papua New Guinea

Attribution Type Used in Question
Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates, 2003 Printed source 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 25, 27, 28, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Electoral Law (National Elections) Regulation, 2007 Printed source 26
Income Tax Act, 1959 Printed source 26
Organic Law on the National and Local-Level Government Elections, 1997 Printed source 11, 25, 28, 29
The Commonwealth-Pacific Islands Forum Election Assessment Team (2007), Papua New Guinea National Election June-August 2007, Report of the Commonwealth-Pacif Islands Forum Election Assessment Team Printed source 25
Global Integrity Report (2007) Scorecard: Papua New Guinea 2007. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Papua%20New%20Guinea/2007/scorecard Electronic source 31, 41
Okole, Henry Tadap (2011) A Critical Review of Papua New Guinea’s Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates: 2001 - 2010.   1

Paraguay

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitución de Paraguay, 1992 (Constitution) Printed source 1
Ley No. 834/96 que establece el Código Electoral Paraguayo (Electoral Law) Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43
Bareiro, Line & Echauri, Carmen, Financiamiento de la política en el Paraguay, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 22, 27, 28, 38
Expert input provided by Carlos María Ljudovic, Asesor de la Presidencia, Tribunal Superior de Justicia Electoral, October 2011 Expert 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 17, 42
INE & UNDP. 2014. Electoral Studies in Compared International Perspective.   31, 32, 33, 34
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016   20

Peru

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley de Partidos Políticos, Ley No. 28094, 2003 (2009) (Political Parties Act) Printed source 7, 10, 11, 15, 16, 22, 39
Reglamento de Financiamiento y Supervisión de Fondos Partidarios, 2005. Printed source 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 17, 23, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42
Resolución No. 136-2010-JNE Printed source 30
Ley Orgánica de Elecciones, Ley No. 26859, 1997 (2009) (Electoral Law) Printed source 30, 37, 40
Tuesta Soldevilla, Fernando, El financiamiento de los partidos políticos en Perú, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamiento de los partidos políticosen América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 27, 28, 41
Sentencia del Pleno Jurisdiccional del Tribunal Constituciona del 27 de Septiembre de 2011 Printed source 41
Expert input provided by Yessica Clavijo Chipoco, Especialista en Gestión Electoral, Jurado Nacional de Elecciones, October 2011 Expert 25, 31, 33
CÓDIGO PENAL DECRETO LEGISLATIVO N° 635   29
Cost of Democracy. Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016.   23
Ley que modifica la ley 28094, ley de partidos politicos, October 2015   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 26, 35, 36, 40, 43

Philippines

Attribution Type Used in Question
Omnibus Election Code of the Philippines, 1985 Printed source 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24, 29, 30, 31, 33, 37, 39, 40, 41, 43
Republic of the Philippines. Commission On Elections . Manila. Resolution No. 9087. Sec 4, Republic of the Philippines. Commission On Elections . Manila. Resolution No. 8944. Sec 4 (h) 2010 Printed source 1, 2
Republic of the Philippines. Commission On Elections. Manila. Resolution No. 8944. Printed source 5, 12, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Republic Act No. 9006, An act to enhance the holding of free, orderly, honest, peaceful and credible elections through fair election practice, 2001. Printed source 24, 25
Republic of Philippines, House of Representative, House Bill No. 190 Printed source 20, 21, 22, 31
Corporation Code of the Philippines, Batas Pambansa Blg. 68 Printed source 3, 4
Republic Act No. 7166 (synchronized elections) Printed source 32, 34

Poland

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Political Parties, 1997 Printed source 15, 16, 22, 35
r. Kodeks wyborczy, Ustawa 112 z dnia 5 stycznia 2011   15, 16, 17, 18, 25, 29, 30
Election Code of Poland. 2011.   1, 2, 4, 6, 8, 13, 14, 23, 24, 26, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43
OSCE/ODIHR. 2015. Election Assessment Mission Report   3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 19, 20, 21, 31, 32, 41
Dr. Gagatek Wojciech.   10

Portugal

Attribution Type Used in Question
Lei Eleitoral, No. 14/79, 1979 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10
Organização e Funcionamento da Entidade das Contas e Financiamentos Políticos, 2005 Printed source 41
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Portugal Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 3, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 22, 26, 31, 32, 35, 36, 37, 40, 43
OSCE/ODIHR (2009) Portugal Parliamentary Elections 27 September 2009, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment MIssion Report 24-26 June 2009 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 1, 23, 24
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2011) Spain Report, Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 Printed source 23
Law on the Financing of Political Parties and Election Campaigns, No. 19/2003 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 20, 21, 22, 36, 37, 38, 39
Publico (2009) Entidade das Contas esclarece que PCTP-MRPP tem direito a subsídio anual mas não a subvenção. Available at http://www.publico.pt/Pol%C3%ADtica/entidade-das-contas-esclarece-que-pctpmrpp-tem-direito-a-subsidio-anual-mas-nao-a-subvencao-1403136, Published 30/09/2009, Accessed 2/11/2011 Electronic source 20
Lei Eleitoral do Presidente da República, Decreto-Lei No. 319-A/76, de 3 de Maio Printed source 25, 33, 34
Lei da Paridade Estabelece que as listas para a Assembleia da República, para o Parlamento Europeu e para as Autarquias Locais são compostas de modo a assegurar a representação mínima de 33% de cada um dos sexo. Lei Orgânica No. 3/2006 Printed source 27
Código Penal Português Printed source 29
Lei Orgânica do Regime do Referendo, Lei No. 15-A/9 Printed source 40, 41
GRECO (2013) Interim Compliance Report on Portugal (Theme II)   38
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   43

Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 21-2006 du 21 Aout 2006 sur les Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 35, 39, 40, 42
Constitution de la Republique du Congo du 20 janvier 2002 Printed source 19, 26
Loi du 24 novembre 2001 portant loi Electorale en Republique du Congo (Electoral Act) Printed source 23, 25, 29, 30, 43
Loi No. 15-2001 du 31 decembre 2001 relative au Pluralisme dans L'audiovisuel Public Printed source 23, 24, 25

Romania

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on the Elections for the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate, 2004 Printed source 29
Law on Political Parties, No. 27 of 1996, 1996 Printed source 28, 29
Law on the Financing of the Activity of Political Parties and Electoral Campaigns, No. 334/2006 Printed source 1, 2, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 17, 27, 30, 38, 41
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Romania on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 1, 3, 7, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 42
Law 334/2006, as amended in May 2015.   1, 13, 14, 20, 22, 35, 43
GRECO (2015) Interim Compliance Report on Romania   38

Russian Federation

Attribution Type Used in Question
Federal Law on Political Parties Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 19, 22, 26, 30, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Federal Law on the Election of the President of the Russian Federation Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 40, 43
Federal Law on the Election of Deputies of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 40
Federal Law of December 1, 2012   13, 14, 20, 21, 35
European Parliament. 2015. Political Party Funding in Russia.   15, 16

Rwanda

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Code Printed source 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 43
Organic Law No. 16/2003 of 27/06/2003 Governing Political Organizations and Politicians Printed source 1, 9, 11, 12, 20, 21, 22, 26, 35, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Commonwealth Secretariat (2010), Rwanda Presidential Elections 9 August 2010, Report of the Commonwealth Observer Group Printed source 31, 36, 37, 38

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Attribution Type Used in Question
Organization of American States (2010), Final Report of the OAS Electoral Observation Mission for the General Elections in the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis on January 25 2010, Secretariat for Political Affairs , OAS Printed source 1, 2, 9, 10, 19, 23, 25, 28, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Commonwealth Expert Team (2010), St Kitts and Nevis General Election 25 January 2010, Report of the Commonwealth Expert Team Printed source 9, 10, 23, 25, 28
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 9, 10, 26, 28, 31, 35, 36, 37

Saint Lucia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections Act, Chapter 1.02 Printed source 29, 43
Organization of American States (2007), Final Report of the Electoral Observation Mission in Saint Lucia General Election 2006, Secretariat for Political Affairs, OAS , OAS Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 13, 15, 19, 26, 31, 33
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 15, 17, 25, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Payne, Douglas W (2005) "Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to Media" in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C   23, 24

Saint Vincent and The Grenadines

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Law Printed source 29
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37
Payne, Douglas W (2005) "Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to Media" in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C   23, 24, 25

Samoa

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act, 1963 Printed source 29
ADB/OECD Anti-Corruption Initiative for Asia and the Pacific, Combating corruption in Asia-Pacific: Samoa’s measures to implement the Anti-Corruption Action Plan for Asia-Pacific Printed source 35, 36, 37

San Marino

Attribution Type Used in Question
Regolamento Disciplina Campagna Elettorale, 1997 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26
La Legge Elettorale 1996 No.6 Printed source 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 40
Finanziamento dei Partiti e Movimenti Politici Printed source 19, 35
Venice Commission (2006) Draft opinion on the prohibition of donations to political parties from foreign sources. Opinion no. 366 / 2006.   1
OSCE/ODIHR (2012) Republic of San Marino Early Parliamentary Elections 11 November 2012, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report   20, 21, 29, 37
Finanziamento dei Partiti e Movimenti Politici, Legge 23 novembre 2005 n.170   9, 38, 39, 40

Sao Tome and Principe

Attribution Type Used in Question
Lei No. 09/04 de financiamento dos partidos políticos e das campanhas eleitorais Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 17, 18, 20, 21, 26, 31, 32, 33, 35, 36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43

Senegal

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 92-16 du 07 fevrier 1992 portant Code Electoral, Edition 2009 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 43
Loi No. 89-36 du 12 octobre 1989 modifiant la Loi No. 81-17 du 6 mai 1981 relative aux Partis Politiques Printed source 1, 40, 43
Loi No. 81-17 du 06 mai 1981 Printed source 35, 40
SudQuoTidien (2010) Sénégal: financement des partis politiques - Une question posée depuis 1998 mais toujours sans réponse. Accessible at http://fr.allafrica.com/stories/201009160859.html, Published 26/09/2010, Accessed 31/10/2011 Electronic source 19
Wondwosen Teshome B (2009) Political Finance in Africa: Ethiopia as a Case Study, International Journal of Human and Social Sciences 4:6 2009 Printed source 13

Serbia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Financing Political Activities Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 22, 26, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Broadcasting Act, 2002 Printed source 23, 24, 25, 30
Law on the Elections of Deputies, 2000 (as amended) Printed source 27
Criminal Code, 2005 Printed source 29, 30
Ohman, Magnus (2011) The Serbian Law on Financing Political Activities, Legal Provisions and Recommendations for Enforcement. IFES, Washington Printed source 31
Broadcasting Act   25
GRECO. 2012. Third Evaluation Round. Compliance Report on Serbia.   38, 42

Seychelles

Attribution Type Used in Question
Elections Act, Cap. 68A , THE GOVERNMENT PRINTER Printed source 9, 23, 24, 25, 31, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Code of Conduct for Political Parties and Stake Holders Printed source 29, 30
Political Parties (Registration and regulation) Act, Cap. 173 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 41, 42
Commonwealth Secretariat (2011) Seychelles Presidential Elections 9-21 May 2011, Report of the Commonwealth Expert Team Printed source 1, 2, 9, 10, 13, 15, 17, 31, 33

Sierra Leone

Attribution Type Used in Question
The Political Parties Act, 2002 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 11, 12, 13, 15, 19, 35, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 43
The Political Parties (Election Finance Reporting) Regulations, 2007. Statutory Instrument No.3 of 2008 Printed source 9, 10, 37, 38, 39
Public Elections Act 2012   23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 42, 43

Singapore

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Donation Act, Chapter 236 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12, 14, 30, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Political Donation Act 2000 Handbook. Available at http://www.elections.gov.sg/registry_donations_handbook.html. Published N/A, Acessed N/A Electronic source 1, 2, 7, 8, 11, 30, 39
Presidential Election Act Printed source 29, 33, 34, 38
Parliamentary Elections Act (Chapter 218) Printed source 33, 34, 38

Slovakia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic of 18 August 1994 on limitations of expenditures of the political parties on advertising before Printed source 32
Elections to the National Council of the Slovak Republic, Act No. 333 in the Collection of Laws of 13 May 2004 Printed source 20, 21, 26
Act of 18 March 1999 on Election of the President of the Slovak Republic, Plebiscite, Recalling of President and Amending of some other Acts, as amended by the Act No. 515/2003 Coll., Act no. 167/2008 Coll. and Act no. 445/2008 Coll. Printed source 28, 34
The Slovak Spectator (2011) Financing on political parties to be overheld, Published 17 January 2011, Accessed N/A Electronic source 35
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on the Slovak Republic, Transparency of Political Party Funding (Theme II) Printed source 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 13, 15, 17, 21, 22, 26, 33, 35, 41, 42
Political Movements and Political Parties, Act No. 85, 2005 Printed source 11
OSCE/ODIHR (2012) Slovak Republic, Early Parliamentary Elections, 10 March 2012, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report   29
Third Evaluation Round, Addendum to theSecond Compliance Report on the Slovak Republic (GRECO, 2014)   9, 10, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission Final Report, 2016   20
OSCE/ODIHR Slovak Republic, Election Assessment Mission Final Report , 2016   31, 32
Act No. 181/2014 Coll. on Election Campaigns and the Amending and Supplementing Act No. 85/2005 Coll. on Political Parties and Political Movements   2, 4, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43

Slovenia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties Act (ZPolS) Printed source 42, 43
Election and Referendum Campaign Act (ZVRK) Printed source 2, 4, 6, 10, 26, 31, 34
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Slovenia, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 10, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 32
Criminal Code, 2005 Printed source 29
GRECO (2014), Third Evaluation Round Addendum to the Second Compliance Report on Slovenia   3, 5, 7, 9, 43
UNODC Working Group on Prevention- 5th Session. 2014.   38
Political Party Act (ZPols-E) as amended in 2014   1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 22, 28, 32, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40
Election and Referendum Campaign Act, as amended in 2014   15, 16, 19, 21, 23, 25, 30, 36, 38
Radio and Television Corporation of Slovenia Act (ZRTVS-1),(2014)   23, 24

Solomon Islands

Attribution Type Used in Question
National Parliament Electoral Provisions Act Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
Global Integrity Report (2008) Scorecard: Solomon Islands 2008. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Solomon%20Islands/2008/scorecard Electronic source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 31, 41
National Parliament Electoral Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1997 Printed source 34
Political Parties Integrity Act, 2014   19, 20, 21, 22, 27, 35, 42, 43
Political Parties Integrity Act 2014   27, 36, 40

South Africa

Attribution Type Used in Question
Booysen, S & Masterson, G (2009) South Africa, in Denis Kadima and Susan Booysen (eds) Compendium of Elections in Southern Africa 1989-2009: 20 Years of Multiparty Democracy, EISA, Johannesburg Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 30
Public Funding of Represented Political Parties Regulations, 1998 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22
Electronic Communication Act, 2005 Printed source 23, 24
Lodge, T & Scheideggar, U (2005), South Africa: Country Report based on Research and Dialogue with Political Parties, International IDEA/EISA. Printed source 31, 32, 39
Public Funding of Represented Political Parties Act, 1997 Printed source 31, 35, 36, 40, 41, 42, 43
Electoral Act 73, 1998 Printed source 29
EISA (2011) South Africa: Political party funding. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/souparties2.htm. Updated March 2011, accessed 30 September 2011 , EISA Electronic source 11
Transparency International (2010) NURU Promoting Transparency in Political Finance in Southern Africa – Comparative analysis and findings from Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Transparency International Zimbabwe , Transparency International Printed source 38

Spain

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Spain, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 7, 8, 11, 15, 16, 17, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 31, 32, 33, 36, 37, 41, 42, 43
Ley Orgánica 5, 1985 Printed source 29
Organic Law 8/2007 of 4 July on the Funding of Political Parties. Printed source 8, 17, 25, 33, 37
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 26
Organic Law 8/2007, on the funding of political parties, as modified by law 5/2012   5
Organic Law 8/2007, on the funding of political parties, as modified by law 3/2015   1, 3, 9, 12, 14, 35, 38, 39, 40

Sri Lanka

Attribution Type Used in Question
Parliament Elections Act, No. 1 of 1981 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29
Parliamentary Elections (Amendment) Act, No. 58 of 2009 Printed source 35, 40, 43
Global Integrity Report (2007) Scorecard: Sri Lanka 2007. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Sri%20Lanka/2007/scorecard, accessed 2011-07-28 Electronic source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 31, 33

Sudan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Law Electoral Act 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 23, 24, 25, 29, 30, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 43
Political Party Law   1, 3, 5, 9, 11, 12, 19, 26, 35, 38, 39, 40, 43
European Union Election Observation Mission (2010) Sudan; Final Report on the Executive and Legislative Elections, 2010   19

Suriname

Attribution Type Used in Question
Constitution, 1987 Printed source 35, 38
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 13, 15, 17, 19, 31, 33, 36, 37, 40, 41, 43
Payne, Douglas W (2005) "Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to Media" in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C   23, 24

Swaziland

Attribution Type Used in Question
EISA (2008) Election Observer Mission, Swaziland House of Assembly Election 19 September 2008, Report No. 29 , EISA Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Elections Order, 1992 Printed source 29

Sweden

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Sweden, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 21, 22, 23, 25, 26
Kommunallagen, 1990:900 Printed source 11
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2006) Regulation of Party Finance in Katz, Richard S & Crotty, William J (eds) Handbook of Party Politics. SAGE, London Printed source 33
State Financial Support to Political Parties, Act 1972:625 Printed source 9, 10, 19, 20, 21
Penal Code, 1999:36 Printed source 29
The Swedish Penal Code, 1962:700   1, 2
Lag (2014:105) om insyn i finansiering av partier   3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43

Switzerland

Attribution Type Used in Question
OSCE/ODIHR (2007) Swiss Confederation, Federal Elections 21 October 2007, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report 19-22 June 2007 , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 23, 24, 28, 31, 36, 39, 41
Transparency International (2008) Transparente Parteienfinanzierung in der Schweiz, Working Paper: Juni 2008, Transparency International Switzerland , Transparency International Printed source 1, 3, 9, 35, 36
Département fédéral de justice et police (2011) Financement des partis politiques et des campagnes électorales, Rapport de droit compare, 10 Juin 2011, Berne Printed source 19
Bundesgesetz über Bezüge und Infrastruktur der Mitglieder der eidgenössischen Räte und über die Beiträge an die Fraktionen (Parlamentsressourcengesetz, PRG) vom 18. März 1988 (Stand am 15. Oktober 2010) Printed source 26
Transparency International (2011) Positionspapier Politikfinanzierung in der Schweiz, Transparency International Switzerland , Transparency International Printed source 31, 33, 37
Nassmacher, Karl-Heinz (2009) The Funding of Party Competition, Political Finance in 25 Democracies. Nomos, Baden-Baden Printed source 19
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2011) Switzerland report, Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 Printed source 25
Swiss Criminal Code, 1937 (Status as of 1 October 2011) Printed source 29
GRECO (2011) Evaluation Report on Switzerland, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II)   10, 12, 26, 35, 36, 37, 43

Syrian Arab Republic

Attribution Type Used in Question
Election Law Electoral Act 29, 30
Political Party Law   1, 9, 13, 14, 19, 20, 21, 23, 24, 35, 39, 40, 41, 43
- No information found in sources -   15

Taiwan

Attribution Type Used in Question
The Public Officials Election and Recall Law, 1980 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 33, 34, 36, 39, 42, 43
Enforcement Rules of Public Service Election and Recall Law, 1980 Printed source 9, 10, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41

Tajikistan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law of the Republic of Tajikistan on Political Parties, 1998 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 19, 20, 23, 24, 26, 35, 38, 39, 43
Constitutional Law of the Republic of Tajikistan, On Elections to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan, 1999 Printed source 8, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 33, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41
OSCE/ODIHR (2010) Republic of Tajikistan, Parliamentary Elections 28 February 2010, OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission, Preliminary Statement , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
Constitutional Law of the Republic of Tajikistan, On the Election of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, 1994 Printed source 2, 4, 12, 25, 26, 29
OSCE/ODIHR (2006) Republic of Tajikistan Presidential Election 6 November 2006, OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 25
Constitutional Law on Elections to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistsan, as amended July 26, 2014   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 43

Tanzania, United Republic of

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties Act, Cap. 258 R.E. 2002 Printed source 1, 2, 5, 7, 13, 13, 19, 20, 21, 22, 35, 38, 43
The Election Expenses Act, 2010 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 15, 16, 25, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
The National Elections Act, Cap. 343 Printed source 23, 24, 30
European Union Election Observation Mission (2010) Tanzania, Final Report, General Elections, October 2010 Printed source 19

Thailand

Attribution Type Used in Question
Thailand Electoral Law Printed source 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37
Constitution of The Kingdom of Thailand, B.E 2557, 2005 Printed source 41
Organic Act on Political Parties, B.E 2550, 2007   1, 5, 9, 11, 12, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 35, 38, 39, 40, 42, 43

Timor-Leste

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Election to the National Parliament, No. 6/2006, Law on the Election of the President of the Republic, No. 7/2006 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 27, 28, 33, 36, 37
Legal Regime for the Financing of Political Parties, No. 6/2008 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 9, 19, 20, 21, 22, 26, 28, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Law on Political Parties, No. 3/2004 Printed source 1, 7, 11, 12, 28
European Union Election Observation Mission (2007) Democratic Republic of Timor Leste, Final Report Presidential and Parliamentary Elections, April, May and June 2007 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 13, 15, 23, 25, 31
Chinaud, Juliette (2007) A Gender Perspective audit of the 2007 Parliamentary Elections of Timor-Leste, UNMIT, Dili Printed source 27, 28
Law on the Election of Suco Chiefs and Suco Councils, 2004 Printed source 29, 30, 43

Togo

Attribution Type Used in Question
Loi No. 2009-018 du 24 aout 2009 portant Code Electoral Printed source 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43
Loi No. 91-97 du 12 avril 1991 portant Charte des Partis politiques Printed source 1, 19, 20, 26, 35, 39, 40
Union Européenne (2010) Togo, Rapport final sur les élections presidentielle du mars 2010 Printed source 20
Decret numero 2007-073/PR du 06 juin 2007 fixant le montant du cautionnement a verser pour les elections legislatives anticipees   28
Loi PORTANT FINANCEMENT PUBLIC DES PARTIS POLITIQUES ET DES CAMPAGNES ELECTORALES 2013   21, 27, 35, 36, 37, 43

Tonga

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Act, 1989 Printed source 29, 33, 34, 37, 40, 43
Ministry of Information and Communcations, Tonga Government Portal, Election 2010. Available at http://www.mic.gov.to/election. Published N/A, Accessed 15 August 2011 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Transparency International (2004) National Integrity System, Transparency International Country Study Report, Tonga 2004 , Transparency International Printed source 1
Global Integrity Report (2008) Scorecard: Tonga 2008. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Tonga/2008/scorecard Electronic source 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 31

Trinidad and Tobago

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Act, Chapter 2:01 (updated to december 31st 2007) Printed source 10, 29, 33, 34, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 43
Ryan, Selwyn, Disclosure and Enforcement of Political Party and Campaign Financing in CARICOM States in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C , OAS/IDEA Printed source 3, 13, 15, 17, 18, 19, 31, 35
Payne, Douglas W (2005) "Political Financing: Access of Political Parties to Media" in Griner, Steven & Zovatto, Daniel (ed. by) (2005), From Grassroots to the Airwaves: Paying for Political Parties and Campaigns in The Caribbean, The Organization of American States (OAS) and International IDEA, Washington D.C   23, 24

Tunisia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Decree No. 87 for the year 2011 Printed source 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 35, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43
Decree No. 35 for the year 2011, regarding Electing the National Council Printed source 10, 27, 37
Decree No. 1087 for the year 2011, regarding Controlling the Election Campaign Spending Limitation and How To Spend the Public Donations on the Election Campaign for Electing National Council Member Printed source 33, 34
Carter Center, The (2012) Final Report, National Constituent Assembly Elections in Tunisia, October 23, 2011 (pre-publication version)   20, 31, 32, 41
Jouan, Barbara (2012) Assessment of the legal framework and practices related to campaign finance during the National Constituent Assembly elections. Final Report, IFES   6, 8, 13, 14, 23, 30, 35, 36, 40, 42, 43
Law on Elections and Referendums, 2014   1, 2, 19, 20
Decree Law n° 2011-35   11
LOI ORGANIQUE RELATIVE AUX ELECTIONS ET AUX REFERENDUMS TELLE   25
Loi organique relative aux elections et aux referendums telle (2014)   3, 4, 15, 16, 17, 18, 21
Political Party Finance Regulation: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring. 2014. IDEA   29

Turkey

Attribution Type Used in Question
Bertelsmann Stiftung (2011) Turkey Report, Sustainable Governance Indicators 2011 Printed source 23, 25, 35
Omer Faruk Genckaya (2009) Public Funding of Political Parties: The Case of Turkey in Public Funding Solutions for Political Parties in Muslim-Majority Societies, IFES, Washington Printed source 21, 23, 24, 25, 30, 36, 40, 41
Law on Basic Provisions on Elections and Vote Registers, Law No. 298, 1961 (as amended) Printed source 29
Law on Political Parties (Law 2820)   1, 3, 5, 7, 14
Constitution of Turkey   1
Istanbul Notes (2010) Turkey’s opaque system of political financing. Available at http://istanbulnotes.wordpress.com/2010/12/20/turkeys-opaque-system-of-political-financing/. Published 20 December 20120, Accessed 24 August 2012   9
GRECO (2010) Evaluation Report on Turkey, Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II)   2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 26, 31, 33, 39, 43
OSCE/ODIHR needs assessment mission report on Trukey, 14 - 17 April 2015   20, 36
GRECO (2013) Third Evaluation Round, Compliance Report.   37, 38, 40

Turkmenistan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law of Turkmenistan on Elections of Deputies of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, 2008 Printed source 26, 29
OSCE/ODIHR (2008) Turkmenistan, Assessment of the Election Legislation, 18 September 2008 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 15, 17, 30, 33, 35, 36, 37
OSCE/ODIHR (2007) Republic of Turkmenistan, Presidential Election 11 February 2007, OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 25
Law of Turkmenistan on Elections of the President of Turkmenistan, 2011 Printed source 25, 26, 29, 30, 41
Law of Turkmenistan on Political Parties, 2012   1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 19, 23, 24, 43
OSCE/ODIHR (2012) Turkmenistan Assessment of the Electoral Legislation, 23 July 2012   10, 19, 25

Tuvalu

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Provisions (Parliament) Ordinance Electoral Act 29
Transparency International (2004) National Integrity System, Transparency International Country Study Report, Tuvalu 2004 , Transparency International Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 15, 31

Uganda

Attribution Type Used in Question
The Political Parties and Organisations Act, 2010 Printed source 9, 13, 14, 21, 22, 26, 35, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43
Presidential Elections Act, 2005 Printed source 2, 10, 29, 37, 43
Parliamentary Elections Act, 2005 Printed source 11, 25, 30
Ssenkumba, John, Political Party Financing in Uganda, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung Printed source 31
Ssemogerere, Paul (2010) Reality Check, Political Party Financing in Uganda. Konrad Ardenauer Stiftung Printed source 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 20
European Union Election Observation Mission (2011) Uganda, Final Report, General Elections, 18 February 2011 , European Union Election Observation Mission Printed source 17, 30, 33, 36, 37, 38
Constitution of Uganda, 1995 Printed source 25
The Political Parties and Organisations Act, 2005 Printed source 1

Ukraine

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law on Political Parties Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 12, 35, 38, 40
Law on Elections of People's Deputies of Ukraine Printed source 18, 37, 38
Kovryzhenko, Denys (2010) Regulation of Political Parties in Ukraine, Agency for Legislative Initiatives & OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 17, 18, 25, 26, 31, 39, 42, 43
Tax Code of Ukraine (2010)   26
Criminal Code   43
Ohman, Magnus (2012 forthcoming) Regulations of Parliamentary campaign finance in Ukraine   31, 33
Ukraine Central Election Commission Resolution 123, Dated July 25, 2012   39
European Commission for Democracy Through Law, OSCE ODIHR (October 2015) Joint Opinion on the Draft Amendments to Some Legislative Acts Concerning Prevention of and Fight Against Political Corruption of Ukraine   19
European Commission for Democracy Through Law, OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (October 2015) Joint Opinion on the Draft Amendments to Some Legislative Acts Concerning Prevention of and Fight Against Political Corruption of Ukraine   20
GRECO (December 2015) Third Interim Compliance Report on Ukraine: "Incriminations (ETS 173 and 191, GPC 2)", "Transparency of Party Funding"   9, 15, 21, 35, 36, 41, 42, 43
International Foundation for Electoral Systems (IFES) (2016)   27
Law on Elections of the People's Deputies of Ukraine, as amended in 2014   1, 2, 4, 10, 11, 12, 23, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30, 36, 37, 38, 40

United Kingdom

Attribution Type Used in Question
GRECO (2008) Evaluation Report on the United Kingdoms on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II) , GRECO Printed source 3, 7, 12, 13, 15, 19, 23, 25, 26, 27, 31, 40, 41
Political Parties, Elections and Referendums Act, 2000 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 22, 30, 31, 32, 35, 36, 39
The UK Electoral Commission Website, http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/faq/voting-and-registration/who-can-register-to-vote, Published N/A, accessed 24 July 2011 Electronic source 12
Representation of the People Act, 1983 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 26, 29, 33, 34, 37
The Electoral Commission; Overview of Donations to Candidates Printed source 1, 4, 8, 9, 40
Library of Congress: Campaign Finance - United Kingdom Printed source 17
Kelly, Richard (2011) Short Money. House of Commons Library, Standard Note: SN/PC/1663 Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22
The Electoral Commission (2011) Public funding for parties. Available at http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/party-finance/public_funding, Published N/A, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 19, 20
The Electoral Commission (2011) Party finance. Available at http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/party-finance, Published N/A, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 38
The Electoral Commission (2010) Enforcement policy, December 2010 Printed source 41
Parliament UK (2011) Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards. Available at http://www.parliament.uk/pcs, Published N/A, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 42
The Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (2011) Website. Available at http://www.parliamentarystandards.org.uk/Pages/default.aspx, Published N/A, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 42
Committee on Standards In Public Life (2011) Annual Report 2010-11, September 2011 Printed source 42
The Electoral Commission (2011) Sanctions. Available at http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/party-finance/enforcement/sanctions, Published N/A, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 43
The Elections (Policy Development Grants Scheme) Order 2006   21
General Election Guidance 2010, Cabinet Office   30
Broadcast Liaison Group, "Party Election Broadcasts; The BBC’s criteria for allocation – 3 May 2012" Available at http://www.broadcastersliaisongroup.org.uk/criteria_may2012.html, Published N/A, Accessed 6/3/2012   24

United States

Attribution Type Used in Question
United States Code, Title 2, The Congress Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 31, 32, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Federal Election Commission (2011) The FEC and the Federal Campaign Finance Law,. Available at http://www.fec.gov/pages/brochures/fecfeca.shtml#Contribution_Limits. Published February 2011, Accessed 1/12/2011 Electronic source 15
United States Code, Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure Printed source 29
United States Code, Title 26, Internal Revenue Code Printed source 19, 21, 26, 33, 43
Federal Election Commission (2011) The FEC and the Federal Campaign Finance Law, Available at http://www.fec.gov/pages/brochures/fecfeca.shtml#anchor257909, Published February 2011, Accessed 1/11/2011 Electronic source 2, 3, 32
Federal Election Commission (2011) Public Funding of Presidential Elections, Available at http://www.fec.gov/pages/brochures/pubfund.shtml, Published February 2011, Accessed 1/11/2011 Electronic source 22
US Office of Special Council (2011) Further Restricted Employees. Available at http://www.osc.gov/haFederalFurtherRestrisctionandActivities.htm, Published 13/09/2011, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 30
US Office of Special Council (2011) Further Restricted Employees. Available at http://www.osc.gov/haFederalLessRestrisctionandActivities.htm#, Published 28/09/2011, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 30
Oxenford, David (2009) Political Broadcasting Answering Your Questions on the FCC’s Rules and Policies. Davis Wright Tremaine LL, Washington Printed source 25
The Oyez Project at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law (2011) COLORADO REP FED CAMPAIGN COMM v. FEC. Available at http://www.oyez.org/cases/1990-1999/1995/1995_95_489. Published 4/11/2011, Accessed 10/11/2011 Electronic source 31, 32
Federal Campaign Finance Laws Printed source 11
Federal Election Commission (2011) Quick Answers to Public Funding Questions. Available at http://fec.gov/ans/answers_public_funding.shtml. Published N/A, Accessed 24/11/2011 Electronic source 21
Federal Election Commission, Contributions Brochure.   9
Individuals and Corporation can start or donate to a Super PAC and remain anonymous. A Super PAC's donors can remain totally anonymous as there is no law stating they must disclose their donors.   9
Federal Election Commission   13, 14, 15, 17, 18
Federal Election Commission: Public Funding of Presidential Elections Brochure   20

Uruguay

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley No. 18.845 de Partidos Políticos, 2009 Printed source 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21, 26, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Ley No. 17.045 de Partidos Políticos (sobre publicidad electoral), 1998 Printed source 23, 24, 25
Ley 7.812, Ley de Elecciones, 1925 (Electoral Law) Printed source 29
Constitución de la República de Uruguay, 1967 (2004) (Constitution) Printed source 30
Chasquetti, Daniel, Financiamiento político en Uruguay, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamentos de los partidos políticos en América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 27, 28, 31, 33
Expert input provided by Marcelo Rubio, Subdirector de Contaduría, Corte Electoral, October 2011 Expert 4, 11, 22, 33
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA. 2016.   3, 20
Cost of Democracy: Essays on Political Finance in Latin America. International IDEA: 2016.   23

Uzbekistan

Attribution Type Used in Question
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on Financing of Political Parties, 2004 Printed source 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 20, 21, 22, 23, 31, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Law on Elections of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 1993 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 24, 25, 26, 29, 33, 37
OSCE/ODIHR (2009) Republic of Uzbekistan, Parliamentary Elections 27 December 2009, OSCE/ODIHR Election Assessment Mission, Final Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 18, 23, 24
OSCE/ODIHR (2007) Republic of Uzbekistan, Presidential Election 23 December 2007, OSCE/ODIHR Limited Election Observation Mission, Final Report , OSCE/ODIHR Printed source 25
Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Election of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 1991 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 17, 25, 26, 33, 37

Vanuatu

Attribution Type Used in Question
Representation of the People Act Electoral Act 29
Global Integrity Report (2007) Scorecard: Vanuatu 2007. Available at http://report.globalintegrity.org/Vanuatu/2007/scorecard Electronic source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 39, 41, 42

Venezuela

Attribution Type Used in Question
Ley de Partidos Políticos, Reuniones Públicas y Manifestaciones, 1965 (Political Parties Act) Printed source 1, 5, 11
Reglamento No. 5 de la Ley Orgánica de Procesos Electorales en Materia de Control del Financiamiento de Campaña Electoral, 2010 Printed source 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43
Virtuoso, Francisco José, Financiamiento de los partidos políticos y campañas electorales en Venezuela, in Gutiérrez, Pablo & Zovatto, Daniel (eds) (2011) Financiamentos de los partidos políticos en América Latina, IDEA/OAS/UNAM, Mexico Printed source 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 15, 17, 23, 25, 26, 27, 28, 38
Reglamento No. 6 de la Ley Orgánica de Procesos Electorales en Materia de Propaganda durante la Campaña Electoral, 2010 Printed source 12, 30
Ley Orgánica del Poder Electoral, 2002 Printed source 23, 25, 41
Expert input provided by Eduardo Gutierrez, Asesor del Consejo Nacional Electoral de Venezuela, October 2011 Expert 29, 31, 33, 38
REPÚBLICA BOLIVARIANA DE VENEZUELA, PODER ELECTORAL, CONSEJO NACIONAL ELECTORAL   35
El Tribunal Supremo de Justicia. Sala Constitutional. Decisión. Available at: http://historico.tsj.gob.ve/decisiones/scon/Mayo/780-080508-06-0785.htm   19

Yemen

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Party Law No. 66, 1991 Printed source 1, 9, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 35, 40, 41, 43
Executive Orders for Poltical Parties Law No. 66, 1991 Printed source 24, 30, 39
Election Law for Parliament, 2010 Printed source 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 17, 25, 29
Constitution of Yemen   11, 30

Zambia

Attribution Type Used in Question
Electoral Code of Conduct Regulations, 2006 Printed source 11, 23, 24, 29, 30
EISA (2006) Zambia: Political Party funding. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/madparties2.htm. Updated August 2006, accessed 26 August 2011 Printed source 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 31, 32
Transparency International (2004) Highlights from the Transparency International Global Corruption Report 2004, Transparency International , Transparency International Printed source 19, 20, 21, 22, 39
Societies Act Printed source 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 42
Electoral Act, 2006 Printed source 43
EISA (2006) Zambia: Party financial disclosure. Available at http://www.eisa.org.za/WEP/zamparties7.htm . Updated August 2006, accessed 28 September 2011 Electronic source 43
Transparency International (2010) NURU Promoting Transparency in Political Finance in Southern Africa – Comparative analysis and findings from Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Transparency International Zimbabwe , Transparency International Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 17, 35, 36, 42
Code of conduct (2011 revision) Printed source 23, 24, 25

Zimbabwe

Attribution Type Used in Question
Political Parties (Finance) Act, Chapter 2:11 Printed source 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 19, 20, 21, 42, 43
Electoral Act, 2004 Printed source 29
Zimbabwe Electoral Commission (Media Coverage of Elections) Regulations, 2008 Printed source 23, 24, 25
Transparency International (2010) NURU Promoting Transparency in Political Finance in Southern Africa – Comparative analysis and findings from Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, Transparency International Zimbabwe , Transparency International Printed source 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, 23, 25, 26, 30, 31, 33, 35, 36, 37, 41, 42