Gender Quotas Database

Voluntary Political Party Quotas

Please note that only countries where political parties have voluntary gender quotas are listed.

Algeria
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Front FLN Front de Libération Nationale In each province, 2 out of the first 5 names on a list must be women in each of the 48 provinces.
Andorra
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Liberal Party of Andorra L'A Liberals d'Andorra The party shall ensure gender parity and the democratic functioning of its organs, through periodicity in the renewal and limitation of mandates (Article 1(f) of the Party Statutes)
Angola
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola MPLA Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola Article 109 (Representation of gender) In the lists of candidates for the representative bodies of the MPLA, a gender composition of not less than 40% must be observed.
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITA União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola Article 13.3 3. Having verified the other requirements in the lists of candidates for the organs and bodies of the Party, a positive discrimination of representation of the female gender must be observed up to 50% and a representation of youth of not less than 30%.
Argentina
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Justicialist Party PJ Partido Justicialista The national statutes state that at all levels within the party, as well as on electoral lists, the representation of women must be respected. This is specified in the provincial party statutes, percentages varying between 30 and 50 percent.
Australia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Australian Labor Party ALP In 2002 the ALP introduced a 40 per cent quota for party positions, union delegations and for pre-selection for public office and positions at a State and federal level, building on a 35 per cent quota introduced in 1994. Either of the sexes shall be represented by no less than 40 per cent on party electoral lists. (National Platform and Constitution 2009, Article 10a.) The ALP has adopted a 50 per cent gender diversity target for government boards to be achieved within the first term of a Labor government and 40 per cent for women's representation in Chair and Deputy Chair positions on government boards by 2025 (National Platform 2018)
The Greens NSW Greens NSW The Greens NSW In all the activities and appointments of The Greens NSW, attempts shall be made to ensure that there is at least 50 percent representation by women and by members from outside metropolitan Sydney and representation by minority and disadvantaged groups (Article 1(4) of the Greens NSW Constitution, 2018)
Progressive Labour Party PLP Progressive Labour Party 'The PLP is committed to ensuring equal representation of women throughout its structure and organisation. In all proceedings and at all meetings, all members will observe and promote Party structures, practices and policies that ensure equity in gender representation and participation. In applying the principle of clause 7.1, the following will, among other processes, be considered: - a women's caucus will have the right to convene at each Branch, at State/ Territory Council and at National Conference; - Standing orders and chairing will facilitate equal participation of women and men. - With the exception of clause 7.6.4, in the event that the election to any party committees or councils produces more males than females, the election will stand, but further female nominations will be called for and a second ballot will be held for the specific purpose of equalising the numerical representation of women on that body. The women so elected in this second ballot will be in addition to the other elected officers of the committee and will enjoy the same duties and rights as the other members. (Article 7 (1) of the PLP Constitution, 2017)
Austria
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Greens-Green Alternative GA Die Grünen-Die Grünen Alternativen GA has a 50 per cent quota for women on party lists (1993).
Austrian People's party ÖVP Österreichische Volkspartei ÖVP has a 33.3 per cent quota for women on party lists (1995).
Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs SPÖ has a 40 per cent quota for women on party lists (1985).
Benin
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Republican Bloc BR Bloc Républicain Offices of the bodies of the party must be composed, as much as possible, of 30% youth and 30% women members (Article 51 of the Party Statute).
Botswana
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Botswana Congress Party BCP In 1999 the Botswana Congress Party introduced a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. The party has not always met this target. However, in the 2010 national congress elections the party managed to reach the 30 percent target.
Botswana National Front BNF In 1999 the Botswana National Front introduced a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. The party has not always met this target.
Brazil
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Workers' Party PT Partido dos Trabalhadores Party directors, delegations and positions with specific function of secretariats shall having gender parity (50% women and 50% men). (Article 22 (IV))
Cameroon
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement RDPC Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais In 1996 the Cameeroon Peoples Democratic Movement introduced a 25-30 percent quota for women on electoral lists.
Social Democratic Front SDF Front Social Démocrate SDF has adopted a 25 percent quota.
Canada
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
New Democratic Party NDP In 1985 the NDP adopted a target of 50 percent women among its candidates at federal elections. It has also adopted (and is enforcing) a policy whereby, in each federal riding, at least one woman must be in the running at the nomination stage.
Chile
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Party for Democracy PPD Partido por la Democracia Neither men nor women should be represented on electoral lists by more than 60 percent (Party statutes, article 7). However, this provision has been weakly enforced (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Socialist Party of Chile PS Partido Socialista de Chile Since 2003, the quota has been twofold: Neither of the sexes shall be represented on electoral lists by more than 60 percent; neither sex shall occupy more than 70 percent of the seats in parliament (Party statutes, Article 40). However, this provision has not been adhered to in practice (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Christian Democratic Party PDC Partido Demócrata Cristiano According to article 105 of the party statutes, PDC has a 20 percent quota for women on electoral lists. This provision was adopted in 1996 but has been weakly enforced (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Costa Rica
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Party PLN Partido Liberación Nacional PLN alternates men and women candidates on electoral lists (Article 85 and 108, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19).Nominations to be defined by provincial election in National Plenary Assembly, is to respect the representation of at least 40% for each gender. (Article 85, Partido Liberacion Nacional Estatuto).
Christian-Social Unity Party PUSC Partido Unidad Socialcristiana PUSC alternates men and women candidates on electoral lists (Article 65, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19). In the integration of all party structures, no more than 60% of its members shall be of the same gender, except for the District Assemblies and the Womens Front. (Article 10, Partido Unidad Social Cristiania Estatuto). The configuration of all candidate lists to elected office shall be held in such a way that no more than 60% of the members are of the same gender. (Article 61, Partido Unidad Social Cristiania Estatuto).
Citizen Action Party PAC Partido Accion Ciudadana 50 percent of the candidates must be women, placed at every second place (zipper system) on electoral lists (Article 36, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19).
Libertarian Movement Party PML Partido Movimiento Libertario At least 40% of the seats to be allocated, in a possible government of the Libertarian Movement Party, will be occupied by women. Future internal party structures shall be formed with at least 40% women. The positions to elective office that are presented by the party must be integrated of at least 40% of women, who must be placed in electable positions. (Article 72, Partido Movimiento Libertario Estatuto).
Cote d'Ivoire
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Ivorian Popular Front FPI Front Populaire Ivoirien Since 2001 the Ivorian Public Front has a 30 percent quota for women at all levels of its structures, including electoral candidate lists. The quota has not always been put into practice. (FPI statutes, article 14, June 2009.)
Croatia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party SDP Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske In 1996 SDP introduced a voluntary party quota of 40 percent. In 2000 the party adopted a formal 40% quota for men and women on electoral lists, but no rank-order rules.
Cyprus
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Movement of Social Democrats EDEK Kinima Sosialdimokraton EDEK has a 30% quota for women.
Democratic Rally of Cyprus DISY Dimokratikos Synagermos DISY has a 30 per cent (30%) gender quota in its candidates for the parliament, municipal and European elections, as well as for the party's internal structures.
Democratic Party DIKO Dimokratikó Kómma Art. 10.2 Composition: The Central Committee consists of (...) c) Out of 120 elected members, of which at least 20% are women
El Salvador
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Front Farabundo Mart FMLN Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional FMLN has a 35 percent quota for women (party statutes of 1996, article 9).
Equatorial Guinea
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Convergence CPDS Convergencia para la Democracia Social Social Democratic Convergence has adopted a gender quota. However this party has no current seats within the government.
France
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Party PS Parti Socialiste The PS has a 50 percent quota for electoral lists (1990).
Union of Democrats and Independents UDI Union des Démocrates et Indépendants It [Political bureau] includes an “ Alternating Government ” made up of equal numbers of women and men, who are responsible for carrying the themes represented within the Government. The number and functions of these members are updated at every government reshuffle (Art.9)
Germany
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands At least 40 % of each gender in boards and lists (Party Statutes, Article 11 [2], Electoral Code of the Party, Article 4 & 8 [2]).
The Left Party Die Linkspartei On nomination lists, the first two and then every other place are reserved for women (Party Statutes, Article 10 [5]).
Alliance 90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Since 1986, Alliance 90/The Greens have had a 50 percent quota for women on party lists (Geissel 2008, p. 61).
Christian Democratic Union CDU Christlich-Demokratische Union At least one-third of CDU electoral lists and party officials should be women (1996). If this quota is not met, the internal elections have to be repeated (Party Statutes, Article 15 [2-3]; Geissel 2008, p. 62).
Christian Social Union in Bavaria CSU Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern Equal participation of women and men within the organs of CSU is recognized. Women and men should each hold 50% of the offices. Elections for the inner party and district board according to §§ 22 (P.1 [1-4]) and 26 (P.1 [1-4]) are then valid if half of the elected are women; if the total number is odd the difference between women and men must not be greater than one. Additionally, listing of applicants for public elections must ensure balanced participation of men and women. (Party Statutes, Article 8 [1-3])
Greece
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement PASOK Panellenio Sosialistiko Kimena PASOK has a 40 percent minimum quota for women on party lists (Socialist International Women).
Guatemala
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Unity for Hope Party UNE Unidad Nacional de Esperanza UNE has a 40 percent quota for women on electoral lists since 2007 (López Robles 2008, p. 15).
Guatemalan Revolutionary Unity URNG Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca At least 30 percent of each sex should be represented on electoral lists (2002; López Robles 2008, p. 14).
Seed Movement (Semilla) Movimiento Semilla Candidate lists for election positions and internal party positions may not have more than 60% of people of the same gender (Article 153).
Honduras
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Liberty and Refoundation LIBRE Libertad y Refundación "It is established that the participation of women will not be less than 50% in management responsibilities and nomination of popularly elected positions" (Article 76).
National Party of Honduras PNH Partido Nacional de Honduras "Candidates lists must comply with the basis of 50% participation of women in party leadership positions" (Article 45[12]).
Christian Democratic Party of Honduras PDCH Partido Democrata Cristiano de Honduras "To achieve the effective participation of the Christian Democrat woman, an obligation is established parity basis applicable to Party leadership positions. This provision is also applicable for the selection of candidates for popularly elected positions at the levels of Proprietary and Alternate Deputies to the National Congress and the Central American Parliament, Mayors, Vice Mayors and Regidores. In the application of this provision, the alternation mechanism of women and men, in a 50% ratio for each, in the integration of the formulas and lists of candidates at all levels electives" (Article 165).
Democratic Unification Party PUD Partido Unificación Democrática "For the integration of the lists to positions of party leadership, the internal movements will incorporate at least 50% of the candidacies of women." (Article 105).
Hungary
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Hungarian Socialist Party MSzP Magyar Szocialista Párt MSzP has a 20 percent quota for women (Ványi, 2016; Fodor, 2013).
Politics Can be Different LMP Lehet Mas a Politika In the party's National Assembly and European Parliament electoral lists maximum two repeated candidates of the same sex may follow each other.
Iceland
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Social Democratic Alliance S Samfylkingin At electoral lists, the main rule is to strive towards gender equality. In all elected bodies within the party, each sex should be represented with no less than 40 percent. If, among the candidates, one sex is represented by less than 40 percent, these candidates will be nominated without a vote. (Party statutes 1999, article 2:10.)
The Left-Green Movement VG Vinstrihreyfingin-grænt framboð When candidates are chosen for positions at all levels in the party structure, as well as for electoral lists, gender equality shall be observed. (Party Statutes 1999, article 3.)
Progressive Party (Centre Party) Framsóknarflokkur When choosing candidates to all levels of the internal party structures and for electoral lists, each sex must be represented with at least 40 percent, unless for obvious and manifest impediments.(Party statutes 2005, article 13:8.)
Independence Party Sjálfstæðisflokksins "Gender equality is one of the core values ​​of the Independence Party. When elected to boards and appointed to confidential positions of party institutions, whether in committees, councils or boards, equal proportions of the sexes shall always be observed" (Article 2).
Israel
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Israel Labor Party ILP Ha'avoda At least 20% of the party list must be filled with women, 2 out of each 10 names. The (minimal) reserved places on the party’s candidates list are: 5, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29 (and also 34, 36, 39, 42, 45).
Meretz-Yachad At least 40% of each sex must be represented on the party list, 2 out of each 5 names (besides the 1th on the list, which is the party's chairman or chairwoman). The (minimal) reserved places for the under-represented sex on the party’s candidates list are: 4, 6, 9, 11
Likud The (minimal) reserved places for women on the party’s list of candidates are: 10, 20, 24, 29, and 34.
The Jewish Home Haba'it Ha'ye'hudi The (minimal) reserved places for women on the party’s candidates list are: 4, 8.
National Democratic Assembly Balad At least 33% of the party list must be filled with women candidates, 1 out of each 3 names.
Italy
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democratic Party PD Partito Democratico PD has a 50 percent quota for women, placed with strict alternation on electoral lists. (Party statutes 2008, article 19)
Kenya
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democratic Party DP Democratic Party The Democratic Party has a policy of affirmative action that reserves one third of all seats for women (which has not always been put into practice).
Orange Democratic Movement ODM Orange Democratic Movement In the Endeavour to reach the objective of full representation of women in all decision -making structures the Party shall implement a programme of affirmative action, including the provision of a quota of not less than one-third (1/3) in all organs, appointments, committees, nominations to enable such effective participation. (Article 12.0.1 of the Party Constitution)
Jubilee Party JP Jubilee Party In constituting party organs, no one gender shall comprise more than two thirds (2/3) of the membership (Article 28(2) of the Party Constitution).
Korea, Republic of
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
People Power Party [formerly known as United Future Party] 국민의힘 1. 50% of the elected representatives and electoral colleges of various voting institutions should be women. 2. When recommending candidates for various elections (regional districts), 30% should be women. 3. 30% women and 20% or more young people when organizing major watch positions and various committees. (Article 6 (6) of the Party Constitution)
Transition Korea 시대전환 [The] party is responsible for gender generation in the composition of major party posts and committees at each level of the central party and city / provincial parties , all elected party posts , and the recommendation of candidates for constituency elections for public office elections (except for the recommendation of candidates for the election of local governments). Efforts are being made to achieve a balance between genders and generations. (Article 7 (2) of the Party Constitution).
Basic Income Party 기본소득당 In order to ensure equal rights of Party members and to realize actual gender equality, 50% of the constituencies for each elected unit in all elected office positions shall be allocated as constituencies in the women's list. (Article 7 of the Party Constitution) At least 1/2 of the candidates for proportional representative National Assembly members shall be women. (Article 33 of the Party Constitution)
People Party 국민의당 At least 50/100 of the candidates for the proportional representative National Assembly election shall be recommended as women, and a woman shall be recommended for every odd number in the list of candidates. (Article 78 of the Party Constitution).
Liberia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Congress for Democratic Change CDC The National Executive Committee of the Congress for Democratic Change (CDC) has unanimously adopted in 2022, a resolution requiring 40 percent political participation for women throughout its leadership structures and parliamentary seats in pending general elections. 
Lithuania
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party LSDP Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija Art. 58. The number of representatives of one sex in all elected party bodies and lists of candidates participating in elections may not exceed 60 per cent. After the ranking of candidates in the electoral roll, the commission nominates the candidates alternately: woman, man, starting with the candidate or candidate in the first place, every fifth place can be filled by a woman or a man. The Commission ensures that every ten has a representative of young people (under 35). When it is no longer possible to nominate candidates alternately, the remaining candidates or candidates shall be nominated in descending order of votes. Compliance with these requirements is monitored by departmental and party ethics and procedures commissions, as appropriate. If, after the vote of the body forming the elected body or the electoral list, it is not possible to form the elected body or the electoral list from the nominated candidates (LSDP Statues).
Luxembourg
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Christian Social People's Party CSV Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei The party is targeting a 40percent quota for women on their party lists.
The Left Déi Lénk The party applies a 50 percent quota in the party body and on the electoral lists.
The Green Party Déi Gréng/Les Verts The party seeks to apply parity in party bodies, positions and on lists.
Malawi
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
United Democratic Front UDF The UDF aims to have 25 percent of its parliamentary seats held by women, according to the party constitution.
Malawi Congress Party MCP The MCP aims to allocate 33 percent of the seats to women at all levels of the party structure. Additionaly, according to the party Manifesto, MCP will 'ensure that women occupy 30 per cent or more of all decision, policy and managerial positions in the government' (MCP Manifesto of 2004, article 6.6a).
Malaysia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
People's Justice Party PKR Parti Keadilan Rakyat The statutes regulate that 30 per cent of leadership positions have to be held by women.
Democratic Action Party DAP Parti Tindakan Demokratik The party congress reserves 30% of the total quota for female members contesting in the elections (Art. 16 under Clause VIII).
Mali
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Alliance for Democracy in Mali ADEMA - PASJ Alliance pour la Démocratie au Mali/Parti Africain pour la Solidarité et la Justice ADEMA - PASJ has a 30 percent quota. (Gerapetritis, G. 2015. Affirmative Action Policies and Judicial Review Worldwide, page189)
Mauritius
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Mauritian Militant Movement MMM Mouvement Militant Mauricien "The MMM, in view of its principles and its historic fight for equality, undertakes to achieve gender parity as soon as possible. As a transitional measure the MMM will strive to achieve the threshold of one-third of female representation in its bodies as soon as possible.in the party will gradually increase to 40% in 2020, then to 45% in 2025, and to 50% in 2030." (Article 3 (1) of the Party Constitution)
Mozambique
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique FRELIMO Frente de Libertação de Moçambique FRELIMO has used gender quotas since 1994. The party's policy requires that 40% of candidates to national assembly and local government should be women. In addition, the quota system was accompanied by a commitment to balance the distribution of men and women through the list. Currently, FRELIMO holds 191 seats of a total of 250 in the national assembly, in effect a three-fourths majority.
Mozambican National Resistance RENAMO Resistência Nacional Moçambicana a) The National Council is composed by 120 members elected by Congress. Two) In the process of electing members of the National Council, the principle is observed representation of provinces and gender. (Article 28 (2) of the Party Statutes)
Namibia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
South West Africa People's Organisation SWAPO SWAPO has a 50 percent quota with a zebra-system (alternation between men and women) for women on electoral lists for local elections.
Netherlands
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Labour Party PvdA Partij van de Arbeid National lists are in principle alternated between men and women, although other concerns such as age and ethnicity are also considered. Congress has the last say on the composition of lists (1987).
Green Left GL GroenLinks GL has quotas for women (percentage not confirmed).
New Zealand
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand The Green Party adopted a 50/50 % quota in 2015; “In Government, it will ensure half of all Green Cabinet Ministers are women”
Labour The Moderating Committee must, in determining the list, ensure that for any percentage of the Party Vote likely to be obtained, and taking into account the electorate MPs likely to be elected with that level of Labour support, the resultant Caucus will comprise at least 50% women (Party constitution, article 8.47)
North Macedonia, Republic of
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Union of Macedonia SDSM Socijaldemokratski Sojuz na Makedonija SDSM has a 30 percent quota for both genders.
Alliance for Albanians AA Aleanca për Shqiptarët 'Albanian Alliance is committed to emancipation and full gender equality, and therefore in all party bodies for female decision-making is represented by at least 40%.' (Article 15, Party Statute).
Norway
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Left Party SV Sosialistisk Venstreparti Since 1975, SV has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes on electoral lists (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).
Norwegian Labour Party DNA Det Norske Arbeiderparti In all election lists there is a 50 percent quota for both sexes, and both sexes shall be represented in the first two positions (Party Constitution, §12:9). Quotas first used in 1983 (Matland 2005).
Centre Party SP Senterpartiet There is a 40 percent quota for either sex in all elections and nominations, since 1989 (Laws of the Centre Party, §4:4).
Christian People's Party KrF Kristelig Folkeparti KrF has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes since 1993 (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).
Paraguay
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Republic Association ANR Asociación Nacional Republicana/Partido Colorado ANR has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statues 2001, Article 72; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Authentic Radical Liberal Party PLRA Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico The PLRA statute contemplates a female quota of 50%. The lists for all positions, both national, departmental, local and partisan, will be integrated with the same number (50% women and 50% men), located alternately, alternately and consecutively (one by one), from the first or the first incumbent to the last or the last substitute (decided unanimously by the PLRA party 13 of March 2022).
National Union of Ethical Citizens UNACE Partido Unión Nacional de Ciudadanos Éticos UNACE has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Party for a Country of Solidarity (No longer represented in parliament) PPS Partido País Solidario PPS has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. There is also a rank-order rule for the first third of places on electoral lists, stipulating that male and female candidates are placed alternately (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Philippines
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Gabriela Women's Party An all Women's party, representing 250 women's organisations. The party got 4.2 percent of the votes in the 2016 national elections.
Philippines Democratic Socialist Party PDSP Partido Demokratiko-Sosyalista ng Pilipinas PDSP has a 25 percent quota for women.
Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Akbayan Citizen's Action Party Instituted a quota to ensure that at least 30% of its leadership positions are occupied by women (Article II, sec.6. a.)
Poland
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Greens PZ Partia Zieloni All elected bodies of the Green Party are made up of an even number of members and female members. Men may not constitute more than 50% of the composition of the governing bodies, unless the statute provides otherwise. Lists of candidates and candidates of the Party in elections to the Sejm, the European Parliament and in local elections, held according to the proportional system, are filled alternately with persons of different sex until all representatives of one sex are exhausted. Men receive no more than 50% of the first places on electoral lists (Art. 15, PZ Statutes).
Portugal
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Party for People, Animals and Nature PAN Partido Pessoas-Animais-Natureza On the lists for the National, Permanent, District and Conce-the minimum representation gender parity criterion is 40% of each of the sexes, rounded where necessary to the nearest unit (Party Statutes, Article 26 (4a)).
Socialist Party PS Partido Socialista In order to promote effective equality between men and women in political participation, party bodies, as well as the multi-member candidacies lists for and proposed by them, must ensure: a) A representation of not less than 40% of militants of either sex, and each sequence of three elements contains at least one of a different sex, b) That the first and second places are obligatorily occupied by militants of a different sex (Art. 15.14, PS Statutes).
Romania
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party PSD Partidul Social Democrat In 2001 PSDR (Romanian Social Democratic Party) and PDSR (Socialist Democratic Party of Romania) merged into a new political party; PSD. Prior to the 2004 election PSD adopted a 30 percent gender quota.
Slovakia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Progressive Slovakia PS Progresívne Slovensko In April of 2022, the party’s presidency of Progressive Slovakia has decided that women will be guaranteed a 40% representation in vice-presidential positions and at the level of members of the presidency – just like men.
Slovenia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democrats SD Socialni Demokrati In 1992 the United List of Social Democrats introduced a firm 33 percent quota for both genders. In the 1996 election 42 percent of the party's candidates were women, but not even one of these got elected. The quota was changed from firm to soft in 1997, and the party has currently a 40 percent target. (In 2005 the party shortened it's name to Socialni Demokrati).
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia DeSUS Demokratične Stranke Upokojencev Slovenije The candidate bodies of the party are obliged to take into account, in addition to other criteria, the appropriate representation of candidates of both sexes (Article 53 of the Party Statute).
Slovenian National Party SNS Slovenske Nacionalne Stranke The composition of the membership by gender and by constituency shall be duly taken into account when running for office. There must be at least as many candidates (hereinafter referred to as candidates) on the list of candidates for each individual body. (Article 19 of the Party Statute)
Somalia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Qaransoor Party Xisbiga Qaransoor [Women] shall have a quota of 35% of the staff and functionaries of the party and the councils (Article 42(4) of the Party Statute).
South Africa
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
African National Congress ANC In 2006 ANC adopted a 50% gender quota in local elections. The quota was extended to national elections as well in 2009. The party statute reads: 'the provision of a quota of not less than fifty percent of women in all elected structures' (ANC Constitution, Article 6 [1]). Currently, ANC has won 264 seats in the national assembly, little less than two-thirds majority.
Spain
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero Espanol Since 1997, PSOE has a 40 percent quota for either sex (party statutes, 2009, article 7k). The party first introduced a quota rule, at 25 percent, in 1988.
United Left IU Izquierda Unida Since 1997, IU has a 40 percent quota for either sex (party statutes 2008, article 7). The quota was first introduced in 1989, at 25 percent.
Socialist Party of Catalonia PSC Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya PSC has a 40 percent quota for either sex (2000). The quota was first introduced in 1982 (12 percent) and enlarged in 1987 (15 percent), 1990 (25 percent) and 1996 (30 percent).
Republican Left of Catalonia ERC Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya ERC has a 40 percent quota for either sex (2004).
Nationalist Galician Block BNG Bloque Nacionalista Galego Quotas were approved by BNG in 2002 (40 percent quota for either sex).
Canarian Coalition CC Coalición Canaria A 40 percent quota for either sex was approved by CC in 2000. (Party statutes, 2008, article 4:18.)
Sweden
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party S Socialdemokraterna Party quotas: Zipper system (one sex alternates the other on party lists) (1993). Internal quotas since 1978
Left Party V Vänsterpartiet Party quotas: A 50% minimum quota for women on party lists (1993). First party quota rule introduced in 1987. Internal quotas since 1978.
Green Party MP Miljöpartiet de Gröna Party quota: A 50 % gender quota on party lists, plus or minus one person (1997). First party quota rule introduced in 1987.Internal quotas since 1981.
Moderate Party M Moderaterna Party quotas: Two women and two men shall be placed on the top four positions on the party list for the election to the European Parliament in 2009.
Switzerland
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SPS/PSS Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz The party has a 40 percent quota for women on party lists.
The Centre Party Die Mitte No gender can lay claim to more than two thirds (2/3) of all mandates (Article 14 (3) of the Party Statute). Each gender is in each delegation with at least three people and represented by a maximum of two-thirds of all its members (Article 24 (5) of the Party Statute).
Swiss Party of Labour PdA Partei der Arbeit der Schweiz When filling all bodies of the PdAS with 5 or more members, it must be ensured that no gender may occupy more than 60% of the respective body (PdA Statutes, art. 3.e).).
Tanzania, United Republic of
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Revolutionary Party CCM Chama cha Mapinduzi Section 204 of the 2010 CCM Manifesto set out to attain 50-percent women representation in all elective bodies by 2015(CCM Manifesto 2005:127).
Thailand
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democrat Party DP Pak Prachatipat The Democrat Party has a target of 30 percent women candidates for election
Turkey
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
People´s Democracy Party HDP Halklarin Demokratik Partisi The People's Democracy Party (HDP) has a gender quota of 50%. "We’re nominating woman candidates from the first spots for each and every local assembly elections across Turkey. We’re enacting the 'zipper system'. As a result, HDP has nominated 39 woman co-chairs for the 39 provinces of Istanbul and a total of 333 women to run for local assemblies." (HDP Official Website). 
Homeland Party MP Memleket Partisi The nomination of candidates is made on the basis of the zipper between genders, if there are sufficient applications from both genders. The equal representation zipper system involves sequencing between the sexes. According to the applications made, the number of applications and the results of the pre-selection, the candidate lists are given their final form by sorting in the form of a woman, a man or a man and a woman. In which constituency The Party Assembly decides with which gender the ranking will start (MP Statutes, art. 64.6).
Uganda
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Resistance Movement NRM When the National Resistance Movement party is electing leadership of the organs, "40% of the positions shall be reserved for women except in cases where it is impracticable to do so" (ch. 5, article 42.1). (NRM constitution)
United Kingdom
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Liberal Democrats Article 2.5: "Whenever this Constitution provides for the election by party members to a Federal Committee, not less than 40% or, if 40% is not a whole number, the whole number nearest to but not exceeding 40% of those elected shall selfidentify as men or non-binary people, and self-identify as women or non-binary people respectively" (The Federal Constitution of the Liberal Democrats, 2018).
Labour Party The Labour Party's commitment is that 50% of all winnable parliamentary seats will select from All Women Shortlists.
Uruguay
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Party of Uruguay PS Partido Socialista del Uruguay In the 1980's PS adopted a quota for women. The quota is dependent upon the percentage of women members of the Party in each jurisdiction. (Statutes 2003, Art. 65)
Zimbabwe
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front ZANU-PF ZANU-PF is committed to ensure that at least one-third of all candidates are female. However, this quota has not been systematically applied.

 

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