Gender Quotas Database

Voluntary Political Party Quotas

Please note that only countries where political parties have voluntary gender quotas are listed.

Argentina
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Justicialist Party PJ Partido Justicialista The national statutes state that at all levels within the party, as well as on electoral lists, the representation of women must be respected. This is specified in the provincial party statutes, percentages varying between 30 and 50 percent.
Australia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Australian Labor Party ALP In 2002 the ALP introduced a 40 per cent quota for party positions, union delegations and for pre-selection for public office and positions at a State and federal level, building on a 35 per cent quota introduced in 1994. Either of the sexes shall be represented by no less than 40 per cent on party electoral lists. (National Platform and Constitution 2009, Article 10a.)
Austria
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Greens-Green Alternative GA Die Grünen-Die Grünen Alternativen GA has a 50 per cent quota for women on party lists (1993).
Austrian People's party ÖVP Österreichische Volkspartei ÖVP has a 33.3 per cent quota for women on party lists (1995).
Social Democratic Party of Austria SPÖ Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs SPÖ has a 40 per cent quota for women on party lists (1985).
Bolivia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Unity Front UN Unidad Nacional In Article 31 of its founding statutes from 2003, UN writes that women shall be represented by 50 percent at all levels of the party structures, including candidate lists. This has not always been put into practice.
Botswana
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Botswana Congress Party BCP In 1999 the Botswana Congress Party introduced a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. The party has not always met this target. However, in the 2010 national congress elections the party managed to reach the 30 percent target.
Botswana National Front BNF In 1999 the Botswana National Front introduced a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. The party has not always met this target.
Brazil
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Cameroon
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement RDPC Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais In 1996 the Cameeroon Peoples Democratic Movement introduced a 25-30 percent quota for women on electoral lists.
Social Democratic Front SDF Front Social Démocrate SDF has adopted a 25 percent quota.
Canada
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
New Democratic Party NDP In 1985 the NDP adopted a target of 50 percent women among its candidates at federal elections. It has also adopted (and is enforcing) a policy whereby, in each federal riding, at least one woman must be in the running at the nomination stage.
Liberal Party of Canada LPC In 1993 the LPC set a target to elect 25 percent women.
Chile
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Party for Democracy PPD Partido por la Democracia Neither men nor women should be represented on electoral lists by more than 60 percent (Party statutes, article 7). However, this provision has been weakly enforced (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Socialist Party of Chile PS Partido Socialista de Chile Since 2003, the quota has been twofold: Neither of the sexes shall be represented on electoral lists by more than 60 percent; neither sex shall occupy more than 70 percent of the seats in parliament (Party statutes, Article 40). However, this provision has not been adhered to in practice (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Christian Democratic Party PDC Partido Demócrata Cristiano According to article 105 of the party statutes, PDC has a 20 percent quota for women on electoral lists. This provision was adopted in 1996 but has been weakly enforced (Ríos Tobar, et al. 2008, p. 18, 24).
Costa Rica
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Party PLN Partido Liberación Nacional PLN alternates men and women candidates on electoral lists (Article 85 and 108, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19).Nominations to be defined by provincial election in National Plenary Assembly, is to respect the representation of at least 40% for each gender. (Article 85, Partido Liberacion Nacional Estatuto).
Christian-Social Unity Party PUSC Partido Unidad Socialcristiana PUSC alternates men and women candidates on electoral lists (Article 65, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19). In the integration of all party structures, no more than 60% of its members shall be of the same gender, except for the District Assemblies and the Womens Front. (Article 10, Partido Unidad Social Cristiania Estatuto). The configuration of all candidate lists to elected office shall be held in such a way that no more than 60% of the members are of the same gender. (Article 61, Partido Unidad Social Cristiania Estatuto).
Citizen Action Party PAC Partido Accion Ciudadana 50 percent of the candidates must be women, placed at every second place (zipper system) on electoral lists (Article 36, party statutes; Jager Contreras 2008, p 15-19).
Libertarian Movement Party PML Partido Movimiento Libertario At least 40% of the seats to be allocated, in a possible government of the Libertarian Movement Party, will be occupied by women. Future internal party structures shall be formed with at least 40% women. The positions to elective office that are presented by the party must be integrated of at least 40% of women, who must be placed in electable positions. (Article 72, Partido Movimiento Libertario Estatuto).
Cote d'Ivoire
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Ivorian Popular Front FPI Front Populaire Ivoirien Since 2001 the Ivorian Public Front has a 30 percent quota for women at all levels of its structures, including electoral candidate lists. The quota has not always been put into practice. (FPI statutes, article 14, June 2009.)
Croatia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party SDP Socijaldemokratska Partija Hrvatske In 1996 SDP introduced a voluntary party quota of 40 percent. In 2000 the party adopted a formal 40 percent quota for men and women on electoral lists, but no rank-order rules.
Cyprus
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Movement of Social Democrats KISOS Kinima Sosialdimokraton KISOS has a 30 percent quota for women.
Democratic Rally of Cyprus DISY Dimokratikos Synagermos DISY has a 30 per cent (30%) gender quota in its candidates for the parliament, municipal and European elections, as well as for the party's internal structures.
Czech Republic
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democrats ČSSD Česká strana sociálně demokratická 25 percent of those elected by the party must be women. If a local party organization has failed to nominate 25 percent women among its top candidates, then the Social Democratic Women's Organization has the right to nominate extra women.
El Salvador
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Front Farabundo Mart FMLN Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional FMLN has a 35 percent quota for women (party statutes of 1996, article 9).
Equatorial Guinea
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Convergence CPDS Convergencia para la Democracia Social Social Democratic Convergence has adopted a gender quota.
Ethiopia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front EPRDF In 2004, Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front has a 30 percent party quota.
France
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Party PS Parti Socialiste The PS has a 50 percent quota for electoral lists (1990).
Germany
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party of Germany SPD Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands At least 40 % of each gender in boards and lists (Party Statutes, Article 11 [2], Electoral Code of the Party, Article 4 & 8 [2]).
The Left Party Die Linkspartei On nomination lists, the first two and then every other place are reserved for women (Party Statutes, Article 10 [5]).
Alliance 90/The Greens Bündnis 90/Die Grünen Since 1986, Alliance 90/The Greens have had a 50 percent quota for women on party lists (Geissel 2008, p. 61).
Christian Democratic Union CDU Christlich-Demokratische Union At least one-third of CDU electoral lists and party officials should be women (1996). If this quota is not met, the internal elections have to be repeated (Party Statutes, Article 15 [2-3]; Geissel 2008, p. 62).
Greece
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement PASOK Panellenio Sosialistiko Kimena PASOK has a 40 percent minimum quota for women on party lists (Socialist International Women).
Guatemala
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Unity for Hope Party UNE Unidad Nacional de Esperanza UNE has a 40 percent quota for women on electoral lists since 2007 (López Robles 2008, p. 15).
Guatemalan Revolutionary Unity URNG Unidad Revolucionaria Nacional Guatemalteca At least 30 percent of each sex should be represented on electoral lists (2002; López Robles 2008, p. 14).
Hungary
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Hungarian Socialist Party MSzP Magyar Szocialista Párt MSzP has a 20 percent quota for women.
Politics Can be Different LMP Lehet Mas a Politika In the party's National Assembly and European Parliament electoral lists maximum two repeated candidates of the same sex may follow each other.
Iceland
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
The Social Democratic Alliance S Samfylkingin At electoral lists, the main rule is to strive towards gender equality. In all elected bodies within the party, each sex should be represented with no less than 40 percent. If, among the candidates, one sex is represented by less than 40 percent, these candidates will be nominated without a vote. (Party statutes 1999, article 2:10.)
The Left-Green Movement VG Vinstrihreyfingin-grænt framboð When candidates are chosen for positions at all levels in the party structure, as well as for electoral lists, gender equality shall be observed. (Party Statutes 1999, article 3.)
Progressive Party (Centre Party) Framsóknarflokkur When choosing candidates to all levels of the internal party structures and for electoral lists, each sex must be represented with at least 40 percent, unless for obvious and manifest impediments.(Party statutes 2005, article 13:8.)
The Women's Party Kvennalistinn An all women's party. The Party existed 1982-1999, and received up to 10 percent of the votes in parliament.
Israel
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Israel Labor Party ILP Ha'avoda At least 20% of the party list must be filled with women, 2 out of each 10 names. The (minimal) reserved places on the party’s candidates list are: 5, 9, 14, 19, 24, 29 (and also 34, 36, 39, 42, 45).
Meretz-Yachad At least 40% of each sex must be represented on the party list, 2 out of each 5 names (besides the 1th on the list, which is the party's chairman or chairwoman). The (minimal) reserved places for the under-represented sex on the party’s candidates list are: 4, 6, 9, 11
Likud The (minimal) reserved places for women on the party’s list of candidates are: 10, 20, 24, 29, and 34.
The Jewish Home Haba'it Ha'ye'hudi The (minimal) reserved places for women on the party’s candidates list are: 4, 8.
National Democratic Assembly Balad At least 33% of the party list must be filled with women candidates, 1 out of each 3 names.
Italy
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democratic Party PD Partito Democratico PD has a 50 percent quota for women, placed with strict alternation on electoral lists. (Party statutes 2008, article 19)
Kenya
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democratic Party DP Democratic Party The Democratic Party has a policy of affirmative action that reserves one third of all seats for women (which has not always been put into practice).
SAFINA Party SAFINA SAFINA Party Constitution : The party Election Rules and Procedures provide that at least 1/3 of all elected officials in the branch or national level should be of either gender. (Article 1.1 Pg.18 Nomination rules & Procedures Parliamentary & civic Candidates)
National Rainbow Coalition NARC National Rainbow Coalition Constitution: party’s gender policy is that 1/3 of all nominated persons should at a minimum come from each gender.
Korea, Republic of
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Grand National Party GNP Hannara Dang GNP supports quotas of 30 percent for women candidates. (see Kim 2000)
Lithuania
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party LSDP Lietuvos socialdemokratų partija SDP has a quota on at least one-third of either sex.
Luxembourg
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Christian Social People's Party CSV Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei The party is targeting a 33 percent quota for women on their party lists.
The Left Déi Lénk The party applies a 50 percent quota in the party body and on the electoral lists.
Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party LSAP Lëtzebuerger Sozialistesch Arbechterpartei LSAP has adopted a quota for internal positions (about 33 percent). The target is parity.
The Green Party Déi Gréng/Les Verts The party seeks to apply parity in party bodies, positions and on lists.
Malawi
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
United Democratic Front UDF The UDF aims to have 25 percent of its parliamentary seats held by women, according to the party constitution.
Malawi Congress Party MCP The MCP aims to allocate 33 percent of the seats to women at all levels of the party structure. Additionaly, according to the party Manifesto, MCP will 'ensure that women occupy 30 per cent or more of all decision, policy and managerial positions in the government' (MCP Manifesto of 2004, article 6.6a).
Mali
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Alliance for Democracy in Mali ADEMA - PASJ Alliance pour la Démocratie au Mali/Parti Africain pour la Solidarité et la Justice ADEMA - PASJ has a 30 percent quota.
Malta
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Labour Party MLP Partit Laburista The Labour Party has 20 percent quota for women on party lists.
Mexico
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Institutional Revolutionary Party PRI Partido Revolucionario Instituional PRI has a 50 percent quota for women (article 38, party statutes).
Mozambique
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique FRELIMO Frente de Libertação de Moçambique FRELIMO has used gender quotas since 1994. The party's policy requires that 40% of candidates to national assembly and local government should be women. In addition, the quota system was accompanied by a commitment to balance the distribution of men and women through the list. Currently, FRELIMO holds 191 seats of a total of 250 in the national assembly, in effect a three-fourths majority.
Namibia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
South West Africa People's Organisation SWAPO SWAPO has a 50 percent quota with a zebra-system (alternation between men and women) for women on electoral lists for local elections.
Netherlands
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Labour Party PvdA Native name National lists are in principle alternated between men and women, although other concerns such as age and ethnicity are also considered. Congress has the last say on the composition of lists (1987).
Green Left GL GroenLinks GL has quotas for women (percentage not confirmed).
Nicaragua
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Sandinista Front for National Liberation FSLN Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional FSLN has a 30 percent quota for women (Party statutes, Article 106; Samqui 2008, p. 8). PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8). FSLN has a 30 percent quota for women (Party statutes, Article 106; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Liberal and constitutionalist party PLC Partido Liberal Constitutcionalista PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8). PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Sandinista Renovation Movement MRS Alianza del Movimiento Renovador Sandinista Candidate lists must consist of at least 40 percent women and men, respectively (Party statutes, Article 7; Samqui 2008, p. 8). Candidate lists must consist of at least 40 percent women and men, respectively (Party statutes, Article 7; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Niger
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Movement for a Society in Development MNSD-NASSARA Mouvement National pour la Société de Développement Prior to multiparty elections in the 1990s, the MNSD set aside 5 seats for women through the quota system adopted by the party. In 1999 the party adopted a 10 percent quota for women on electoral lists (party statutes, article 93).
Norway
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Left Party SV Sosialistisk Venstreparti Since 1975, SV has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes on electoral lists (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).
Norwegian Labour Party DNA Det Norske Arbeiderparti In all election lists there is a 50 percent quota for both sexes, and both sexes shall be represented in the first two positions (Party Constitution, §12:9). Quotas first used in 1983 (Matland 2005).
Centre Party SP Senterpartiet There is a 40 percent quota for either sex in all elections and nominations, since 1989 (Laws of the Centre Party, §4:4).
Christian People's Party KrF Kristelig Folkeparti KrF has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes since 1993 (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).
Paraguay
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
National Republic Association ANR Asociación Nacional Republicana/Partido Colorado ANR has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statues 2001, Article 72; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Authentic Radical Liberal Party PLRA Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico One third of candidates on electoral lists must be women (Party statutes 2006, Article 9; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
National Union of Ethical Citizens UNACE Partido Unión Nacional de Ciudadanos Éticos UNACE has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Party for a Country of Solidarity PPS Partido País Solidario PPS has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. There is also a rank-order rule for the first third of places on electoral lists, stipulating that male and female candidates are placed alternately (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Philippines
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Gabriela Women's Party An all Women's party, representing 250 women's organisations. The party got 3.7 percent of the votes in the 2004 national elections.
Philippines Democratic Socialist Party PDSP Partido Demokratiko-Sosyalista ng Pilipinas PDSP has a 25 percent quota for women.
Romania
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party of Romania PSDR Partidul Social Democrat Romania The PSDR had a 25 percent quota for women on party lists. The party is now, since 2001, a member of the Partidul Social Democrat (PSD), the Social Democratic Party.
Democratic Party PD Partidul Democrat The Democratic Party has adopted a 30 percent quota.
Social Democratic Party PSD Partidul Social Democrat In 2001 PSDR (Romanian Social Democratic Party) and PDSR (Socialist Democratic Party of Romania) merged into a new political party; PSD. Prior to the 2004 election PSD adopted a 30 percent gender quota.
Slovakia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Communist Party of Slovakia KSS Komunistická strana Slovenska One woman among the eight first candidates. The party is not represented in parliament after the 2006 election.
Alliance of the New Citizen ANO Aliancia Nového Obcana ANO has an informal 33 percent quota for women. The party is not represented in parliament after the 2006 election.
Party of the Democratic Left SDL Strana Demokratickej Lavice SDL had a 20 percent quota for women on party lists. The party merged with the social democratic SMER. SMER has no quota for women.
People's Party - Movement for a Democratic Slovakia HZDS Ľudová strana - Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko HZDS has a parity target.
Slovenia
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democrats SD Socialni Demokrati In 1992 the United List of Social Democrats introduced a firm 33 percent quota for both genders. In the 1996 election 42 percent of the party's candidates were women, but not even one of these got elected. The quota was changed from firm to soft in 1997, and the party has currently a 40 percent target. (In 2005 the party shortened it's name to Socialni Demokrati).
Liberal Democracy Party LDS Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije In 1998 the quota was changed to a gender neutral 25 percent, but is supposed to increase by 3 percentage points in every upcoming election until it reaches 40 percent.
South Africa
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
African National Congress ANC In 2006 ANC adopted a 50% gender quota in local elections. The quota was extended to national elections as well in 2009. The party statute reads: 'the provision of a quota of not less than fifty percent of women in all elected structures' (ANC Constitution, Article 6 [1]). Currently, ANC has won 264 seats in the national assembly, little less than two-thirds majority.
Spain
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party PSOE Partido Socialista Obrero Espanol Since 1997, PSOE has a 40 percent quota for either sex (party statutes, 2009, article 7k). The party first introduced a quota rule, at 25 percent, in 1988.
United Left IU Izquierda Unida Since 1997, IU has a 40 percent quota for either sex (party statutes 2008, article 7). The quota was first introduced in 1989, at 25 percent.
Socialist Party of Catalonia PSC Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya PSC has a 40 percent quota for either sex (2000). The quota was first introduced in 1982 (12 percent) and enlarged in 1987 (15 percent), 1990 (25 percent) and 1996 (30 percent).
Initiative for Catalonia- Green ICV Iniciativa per Catalunya-Verds ICV has a 40 percent quota for either sex (2002). The quota was first introduced in 1991 (30 percent).
Republican Left of Catalonia ERC Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya ERC has a 40 percent quota for either sex (2004).
Nationalist Galician Block BNG Bloque Nacionalista Galego Quotas were approved by BNG in 2002 (40 percent quota for either sex).
Canarian Coalition CC Coalición Canaria A 40 percent quota for either sex was approved by CC in 2000. (Party statutes, 2008, article 4:18.)
Sweden
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party S Socialdemokraterna Party quotas: Zipper system (one sex alternates the other on party lists) (1993). Internal quotas since 1978
Left Party V Vänsterpartiet Party quotas: A 50% minimum quota for women on party lists (1993). First party quota rule introduced in 1987. Internal quotas since 1978.
Green Party MP Miljöpartiet de Gröna Party quota: A 50 % gender quota on party lists, plus or minus one person (1997). First party quota rule introduced in 1987.Internal quotas since 1981.
Moderate Party M Moderaterna Party quotas: Two women and two men shall be placed on the top four positions on the party list for the election to the European Parliament in 2009.
Switzerland
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democratic Party of Switzerland SPS/PSS Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz The party has a 40 percent quota for women on party lists.
Tanzania, United Republic of
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Chama cha Mapinduzi (Revolutionary Party) CCM Section 204 of the 2010 CCM Manifesto set out to attain 50-percent women representation in all elective bodies by 2015(CCM Manifesto 2005:127).
Thailand
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Democrat Party DP Pak Prachatipat The Democrat Party has a target of 30 percent women candidates for election
Turkey
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Peace and Democracy Party BDP Baris ve Demokrasi Partisi 40% gender quota in its candidate lists both for the national and local elections.
United Kingdom
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Liberal Democrats In 2001 the Liberal Democrats adopted a 40 percent target of women candidates, and at the same time rejected all-women shortlists. Prior to the 2005 elections, the party placed women in 40 percent of the 'winnable seats'. They implemented a 'zipping' system on their candidate lists for the European election in 1999 which were conducted using List-PR, but did not use the zipping system in the European Parliament election of 2002.
Labour Party The Labour Party's commitment is that 50% of all winnable parliamentary seats will select from All Women Shortlists.
Uruguay
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Party of Uruguay PS Partido Socialista del Uruguay In the 1980's PS adopted a quota for women. The quota is dependent upon the percentage of women members of the Party in each jurisdiction. (Statutes 2003, Art. 65)
Zimbabwe
Party Acronym Official Name Details, Quota provisions
Zimbabwe African National Union Patriotic Front ZANU-PF ZANU-PF is committed to ensure that at least one-third of all candidates are female. However, this quota has not been systematically applied.
Movement for democratic change AM MDC-AM -

 

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