Gender Quotas Database

Display: All Countries | Group by region

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

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Africa

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Algeria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
119 of 462 25.8%
Angola
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
66 of 220 30%
Botswana
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
6 of 63 9.5%
Burkina Faso
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 127 13.4%
Burundi
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
44 of 121 36.4%
Cameroon
(FPTP PBV List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
56 of 180 31.1%
Cape Verde
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 72 23.6%
Congo, Democratic Republic of
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
50 of 500 10%
Cote d'Ivoire
(FPTP PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
28 of 255 11%
Djibouti
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 65 26.2%
Egypt
(TRS PBV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
89 of 596 14.9%
Equatorial Guinea
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
21 of 100 21%
Eritrea
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
33 of 150 22%
Ethiopia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
212 of 547 38.8%
Guinea
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
26 of 114 22.8%
Kenya
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
76 of 350 21.7%
Lesotho
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
28 of 122 23%
Liberia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 73 12.3%
Libya
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 200 15%
Malawi
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
44 of 192 22.9%
Mali
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
13 of 147 8.8%
Mauritania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
31 of 157 19.7%
Mauritius
(BV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
8 of 69 11.6%
Morocco
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
81 of 395 20.5%
Mozambique
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
99 of 250 39.6%
Namibia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
48 of 104 46.2%
Niger
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
29 of 171 17%
Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville)
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 151 11.3%
Rwanda
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 80 61.3%
Senegal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 165 41.8%
Sierra Leone
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
18 of 146 12.3%
Somalia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
67 of 275 24.4%
South Africa
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
182 of 398 45.7%
South Sudan
(In transition)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
109 of 400 27.3%
Sudan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
133 of 426 31.2%
Swaziland
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
5 of 69 7.2%
Tanzania, United Republic of
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
145 of 393 36.9%
Togo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
15 of 91 16.5%
Tunisia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
68 of 217 31.3%
Uganda
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
160 of 465 34.4%
Zimbabwe
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
86 of 270 31.9%

 

Americas

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Argentina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
99 of 257 38.5%
Bolivia
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
69 of 130 53.1%
Brazil
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
77 of 513 15%
Canada
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
90 of 338 26.6%
Chile
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
35 of 155 22.6%
Colombia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
32 of 171 18.7%
Costa Rica
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 57 45.6%
Dominican Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
51 of 190 26.8%
Ecuador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
52 of 137 38%
El Salvador
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
26 of 84 31%
Guatemala
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 158 19%
Guyana
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
22 of 69 31.9%
Haiti
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
3 of 118 2.5%
Honduras
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
27 of 128 21.1%
Mexico
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
241 of 500 48.2%
Nicaragua
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
41 of 92 44.6%
Panama
(FPTP List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
19 of 71 26.8%
Paraguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
12 of 80 15%
Peru
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
39 of 130 30%
Uruguay
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 99 22.2%
Venezuela
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
37 of 167 22.2%

 

Asia

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Afghanistan
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
68 of 250 27.2%
Armenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
32 of 132 24.2%
Bangladesh
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
72 of 350 20.6%
China
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
742 of 3000 24.7%
Georgia
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
22 of 150 14.7%
India
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
78 of 542 14.4%
Indonesia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
102 of 575 17.7%
Iraq
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
83 of 329 25.2%
Israel
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
29 of 120 24.2%
Jordan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
20 of 130 15.4%
Korea, Republic of
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
51 of 300 17%
Kyrgyzstan
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
23 of 120 19.2%
Mongolia
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
13 of 76 17.1%
Nepal
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
90 of 275 32.7%
Pakistan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
69 of 342 20.2%
Philippines
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
85 of 304 28%
Saudi Arabia
(No direct elections)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
30 of 151 19.9%
Sri Lanka
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
12 of 225 5.3%
State of Palestine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
17 of 132 12.9%
Taiwan
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
43 of 113 38.1%
Thailand
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
79 of 500 15.8%
Timor-Leste
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
26 of 65 40%
Turkey
(List PR)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
104 of 600 17.3%
Uzbekistan
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
24 of 150 16%
Viet Nam
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
132 of 494 26.7%

 

Europe

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Albania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
41 of 140 29.3%
Austria
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
68 of 183 37.2%
Belgium
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
64 of 150 42.7%
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
9 of 42 21.4%
Croatia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
31 of 151 20.5%
Cyprus
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
10 of 80 12.5%
Czech Republic
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
45 of 200 22.5%
France
(TRS)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
229 of 577 39.7%
Germany
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
219 of 709 30.9%
Greece
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
56 of 300 18.7%
Hungary
(MMP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
25 of 199 12.6%
Iceland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
24 of 63 38.1%
Ireland
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
35 of 158 22.2%
Italy
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
225 of 630 35.7%
Kosovo
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
39 of 120 32.5%
Lithuania
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 141 21.3%
Luxembourg
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
15 of 60 25%
Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-)
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
46 of 123 37.4%
Malta
(STV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
8 of 67 11.9%
Moldova, Republic of
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
26 of 101 25.7%
Montenegro
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
19 of 81 23.5%
Netherlands
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
47 of 150 31.3%
Norway
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
69 of 169 40.8%
Poland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
134 of 460 29.1%
Portugal
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
82 of 230 35.7%
Romania
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
68 of 329 20.7%
San Marino
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
15 of 60 25%
Serbia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
93 of 250 37.2%
Slovakia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
30 of 150 20%
Slovenia
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
22 of 90 24.4%
Spain
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
  • Legislated quotas for the Upper House
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
166 of 350 47.4%
Sweden
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
161 of 349 46.1%
Switzerland
(List PR)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
65 of 200 32.5%
Ukraine
(Parallel)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
49 of 450 10.9%
United Kingdom
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
208 of 650 32%

 

Oceania

CountryQuota Type(s)Results last electionPercentage of women in parliament
Australia
(AV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
46 of 151 30.5%
New Zealand
(MMP)
  • Voluntary quotas adopted by political parties
49 of 120 40.8%
Samoa
(FPTP BV)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
5 of 50 10%
Solomon Islands
(FPTP)
  • Legislated quotas for the Single/Lower House
2 of 50 4%
Vanuatu
(SNTV)
  • Legislated quotas at the Sub-national level
0 of 52 0%

 

Please note that only countries with quotas are listed below.

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