Gender Quotas Database

Resources

General Resources for Americas

 

  • Krook, M.L. et al 2006. ’Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand: Gender Quotas in the Context of Citizenship Models’, in Dahlerup, D. (ed.) Women, Quotas and Politics, London/New York: Routledge, pp. 194-221.
  • Araújo, C. and García, A.I. 2006. ‘Latin America: The experience and the impact of quotas in Latin America’, in Dahlerup, D. (ed.) Women, Quotas and Politics, London/New York: Routledge, pp. 83-111.
  • Bareiro, L. et al. 2004. ‘Sistemas electorales y representación femenina en América Latina’, Unidad Mujer y Desarrollo, Serie Mujer y Desarrollo, 54, Naciones Unidas, Santiago: CEPAL.
  • Fundación Género y Sociedad (GESO) 2004. Evolución de la participación sociopolítica de mujeres y hombres en América Latina, Documento de Trabajo No. 30,
    San José: GESO.
  • García, A.I. and Ulloa, I. 2004. Las experiencias de presupuestos sensibles al género en el marco general de la experiencia acumulada sobre institucionalización de género y políticas públicas, San José: Fundación Género y Sociedad.
  • Lazzaro, A.M. ‘Evolucion de La Ley de Cupo Femenino a Traves De la Interpretacion
    Judicial’, paper presented at XXV International Congress of Latin American Studies Association, Las Vegas, October 2004.
  • Archenti, N. ‘Qué han hecho las Legisladoras? Impacto de las cuotas en el Congreso
    Argentino’, paper presented at the XXV International Congress of Latin America Studies Association, Las Vegas, October 2004.
  • Bareiro, L. ‘Sistemas Electorales y Representación Femenina’, Documento de Trabajo, paper presented at the Reunión sobre gobernabilidad democrática y igualdad de género, Santiago de Chile, October 2003.
  • Dahlerup, D. 2003. ‘Comparative Studies of Electoral Gender Quotas’, in International
    IDEA The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences, Quota Workshop Report Series no. 2, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 10–19.
  • Dahlerup, D. and Freidenvall, L. ‘Quota as a ‘Fast Track’ to Equal Political Representation for Women. Why Scandinavian is no longer the model’, paper presented at American Political Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, August 2003.
  • International IDEA, 2003. The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences,
    Quota Workshop Report Series no. 2, Stockholm: International IDEA.
  • Krook, M.L. ‘Not All Quotas Are Created Equal: Trajectories of Reform to increase Women’s Political Representation’, paper presented at European Consortium for Political Research, Edinburgh, March–April 2003.
  • Molyneux, M. 2003 [2001]Women’s Movement in International Perspective: Latin
    Americaand Beyond, London: Institute of Latin America Studies.
  • Peschard, J. 2003. ‘The Quota System in Latin America: General Overview’, in International IDEA The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences, Quota Workshop Report Series no. 2, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 20–9.
  • Schmidt, G. 2003a. Cuotas Efectivas, Magnitud Relativa del Partido Y Éxito de las Candidatas Mujeres, Lima: Instituto Manuela Ramos.
  • Yáñez, A.M. 2003. ‘Cuotas y democracia’, in International IDEA The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences, Quota Workshop Report Series no. 2, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 114–19.
  • Lubertino, M.J. 2003. ‘Pioneering Quotas: The Argentine Experience and Beyond’, in International IDEA The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences, Quota Workshop Report Series no. 2, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 32–41.
  • Socialist International Women. 2002. ‘The Quota System.’ http://www.socintwomen.org.uk/QUOTA/QUOTAEng1.html.
  • Htun, Mala N. 2002. ‘Mujeres y poder político en Latinoamérica,’ in International IDEA, Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 19-44.
  • Htun, Mala N. and Mark P. Jones. 2002. ‘Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-Making: Electoral Quotas and Women's Leadership in Latin America.’ Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux(ed.) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave. pp. 32-56.
  • Inter-American Commission of Women. 2002. ‘Quota Laws.’ http://www.oas.org/CIM/English/Laws-Cuota.htm
  • Matland, R.E. 2002. ‘Estrategias para ampliar la participación femenina en el parlamento. El proceso de selección de candidatos legislativos y los sistemas electorales’,
    in M. Méndez-Montalvo and J. Ballington (eds) Mujeres en el Parlamentomás allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 111–34.
  • Molyneux, M. and Craske, N. 2002. ‘The Local, the Regional and the Global: Transforming the Politics of Rights’, in N. Craske and M. Molyneux (eds) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America, New York: Palgrave, pp. 1–31.
  • Peschard, J. 2002. ‘El Sistema de cuotas en América Latina. Panorama general’, in M. Méndez-Montalvo and J. Ballington (eds) Mujeres en el Parlamento- Más alla de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 173–86.
  • Vargas, V. 2002. ‘The Struggle by Latin American Feminism for Rights and Autonomy’, in N. Craske and M. Molyneux (eds) Gender and the Politics of Rights and
    Democracy in Latin America, New York: Palgrave, pp. 199–222.
  • Htun, Mala N. 2002. ‘Mujeres y poder político en Latinoamérica,’ in International IDEA, Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 19-44.
  • Htun, Mala N. and Mark P. Jones. 2002. ‘Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-Making: Electoral Quotas and Women's Leadership in Latin America.’ Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux(ed.) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave. pp. 32-56.
  • Peschard, Jacqueline. 2002. ‘El sistema de cuotas en América Latina. Panorama general,’ in International IDEA. Mujeres en elParlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 173-186.
  • Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas. 2001. Women and Power in the Americas: A Report Card. Washington: Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Chama, Monica. 2001. Las mujeres y el poder(Women and Power). Buenos Aires: Ciudad Argentina.
  • Jimenez Polanco, J. 2001. ‘La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine: une analyse comparée’ (Women's political representation in Latin America: a comparative analysis). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (ed.) La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 27-81.
  • Marques-Pereira, B. and Patricio Nolasco. 2001. La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan.
  • Gallo, Edit Rosalía and Carlos Alberto Giacobone. 2001. Cupo femenino en la política argentina: Ley nacional, leyes provinciales, debates parlamentarios, normativa internacional, jurisprudencia(The quota law for women in Argentinian politics: National law, provincial laws, parliamentary debates, international norms, and jurisprudence). Buenos Aires: Editorial Universitaria de Buenos Aires.
  • Gomez, Patricia Laura. 2001. ‘Actions positives et citoyenneté en Argentine’ (Positive actions and citizenship in Argentina). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (eds.) La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America) Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 83-110.
  • Jimenez Polanco, Jacqueline. 2001. ‘La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine: Une analyse comparée’ (Women's political representation in Latin America: a comparative analysis). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (ed.). La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 27-81.
  • Valente, Marcela. 2001. ‘Politics-Argentina: Women to Take a Third of Senate Seats.’ Interpress Service, October 8.
  • Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas. 2001. Women and Power in the Americas: A Report Card. Washington: Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • García, A.I. and Gomáriz, E. 2000. ‘Género y ciudadanía en América Latina: otra mirada al horizonte’, in A. Meentzen and E. Gomáriz (eds) Democracia de Género, Una propuesta para Mujeres y Hombres del Siglo XXI, San José: Fundación Heinrich Böll/Fundación Género y Sociedad, pp. 54–76.
  • Htun, Mala N. 2000. ‘Women's Leadership in Latin America: Trends and Challenges.’ Politics Matters: A Dialogue of Women Political Leaders. Washington: Inter-American Development Bank, Inter-American Dialogue, and International Center for Research on Women. pp. 13-26.
  • Álvarez, S. 1999. ‘Advocating feminism: the Latin American feminist NGO ‘Boom’’,
    International Feminist Journal of Politics, 1, 2: 181–209.
  • Arriagada, I. 1999. ‘Limites económicos, sociales y políticos a la participación de
    las mujeres en América Latina’, in Repem/DAWN Reestructura Política y Transformacion Social, Montevideo: Repem/DAWN.
  • Bareiro, L. 1999. ‘Reestructura Política sin Transformación social’, in Repem/DAWN Reestructura Política y Transformacion Social, Montevideo: Repem/DAWN.
  • Carrasco, R. 1999. ‘Los procesos de transición y las estrategias de las mujeres’, in
    Repem/DAWN Reestructura Política y Transformación Social, Montevideo: Dawn/Repem.
  • Miguel, S.M. 1999. Política de Cotas- Mulheres na Política, Brasília: CFEMEA.
  • Polanco, J. 1999. ‘La representación política de las mujeres en América Latina: un análisis comparado del caso argentino’, unpublished, New York: University of New York.
  • Craske, Nikki. 1999. Women and Politics in Latin America. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.
  • Álvarez, S. 1998. ‘Feminismos Latinoamericanos’, Revista Estudios Feministas, 6, 2:
    265–85.
  • Bermudez Valdivia, V. 1998. ‘Mecanismos legales de promoción de la participación política de la mujer en la region andina’ (Legal mechanisms to promote women's political participation in the Andes region). Memorias de la Cumbre Parlamentaria Andina sobre la Mujer(Notes from the Andean Parliamentary Summit on Women). Guayaquil: Parlamento Andino.
  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Phillips, A. 1998. ‘Democracy and Representation: Or, Why Should it Matter who our Representative Are?’, in A. Phillips (ed.) Feminism and Politics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 224–42.
  • Fiejoó, María del Carmen. 1998. ‘Democratic Participation and Women in Argentina’.Jaquette, Jane and Wolchik, Sharon (eds.) Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe.. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Jones, Mark P. 1998. ‘Gender quotas, electoral laws, and the election of women: Lessons from the Argentine provinces.’ Comparative Political Studies. 31, no. 1. pp. 3-21.
  • García, A.I. 1997. ‘Mujeres, poder y políticas públicas en el inicio de la era post-Beijing’, in Las Mujeres y el Poder, Colección Ensayo, San José: Editorial Mujeres.
  • Gutierrez, E. 1997. ‘Women-Latam: Andean Women Flex Their Political Muscle.’ Interpress Service, September 23.
  • Jelin, E. 1997. ‘Igualdad y Diferencia: Dilemas de la ciudadanía de las mujeres en América Latina’, Agora, 7: 189–214.
  • Ramírez, F. and Eneaney, E. 1997. ‘From Women’s Suffrage to Reproduction Rights? Cross-National Considerations’, International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 38, 1: 3–15.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997a. Men and Women in Politics: Democracy Still in the Making, A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Jones, Mark P. 1997. ‘Cupos de Género, Leyes Electorales y Elección de Legisladoras en las Américas.’ (Gender quotas, electoral laws, and the election of female legislators in the Americas). Revista de Ciencia Política 1.
  • Bacchi, Carol Lee. 1996. Politics of Affirmative Actions. Women, Equality and Category Politics. London: Sage.
  • Aguirre, R. 1996. ‘Les femmes en Amérique latine: actions collectives et quête d'une representation politique’ (Women in Latin America: collective actions and the quest for political representation). B. Marques-Pereira and A. Carrier (ed.) La citoyenneté sociale des femmes au Brésil(The social citizenship of women in Brazil), Paris: L'Harmattan.
  • Jelin, E. and Hershberg, E. 1996. Constructing democracy: Human Rights, Citizenship
    and Society in Latin America, Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
  • Suplicy, M. 1996. ‘Novos Paradigmas nas esferas de poder’, Revista Estudos feministas,
    4, 1: 126–37.
  • Jones, Mark P. 1996. ‘Increasing Women's Representation Via Gender Quotas: The Argentine Ley de Cupos.’ Women and Politics 16, no. 4. pp. 75-98.
  • Rossi, Diego and Ines Tenewicki. 1996. ‘Participación política de la mujer. La Mirada del legislador desde el sufragio hasta la Ley de cupos’ (Women's political participation. The view of the legislator from suffrage until the Quota Law). Susana Botte (ed.) Mujer(Woman). Buenos Aires: Dirección de información parlamentaria, Congreso de la Nación.
  • Fraser, N. 1995. ‘From Redistribution to Recognition? Dilemmas of Justice in a ‘Post-Socialist’ Age’, New Left Review, 212: 68–93.
  • Valdés, T. and Gomáriz, E. 1995. Mujeres Latinoamericanas en Cifras, Santiago: FLACSO/Instituto de la Mujer de España, Tomo Comparativo.
  • Nohlen, D. 1995. Sistemas Electorales y Partidos Políticos, Cuidad de México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma do México y Fondo de Cultura.
  • Bonder, G. and Nari, M. 1995. ‘The 30 Percent Quota Law – A Turning Point for Women’s Political Participation in Argentina’, in A. Brill (ed.) A Rising Public Voice – Women in Politics Worldwide, New York: The Feminist Press of the City University of New York, pp. 183–93.
  • Brunner, J.J. 1989. ‘Entonces, ¿existe o no la modernidad en América Latina?’, in
    CLACSO Imágenes Desconocidas, La modernidad en la encrucijada postmoderna,
    Buenos Aires: CLACSO.
  • García, A.I. and Gomáriz, E. 1989. Mujeres Centroamericanas ante la Crisis, la Guerra
    y el Proceso de Paz, San José: FLACSO/CSUCA/UPAZ, Tomos I y II.
  • Gomáriz, E. 1977. O Estado nas Sociedades Dependentes. O caso da América Latina,
    Lisboa: Editorial Presença.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union, www.ipu.org
  • Argentina Parliament website, http://www.diputados.gov.ar/
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) ‘Women in Parliaments’. http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm
  • Jaquette, Jane S. and Wolchik, Sharon L (eds.) Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.
  • Kaplan, M. 1966. La formación del Estado Nacional en América Latina, Santiago: Editorial Universitaria.
  • Socialist International Women. ‘The Quota System.’ http://www.socintwomen.org.uk/QUOTA/QUOTAEng1.html.

Other Links

Inter-Parliamentary Union. http://www.ipu.org/

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”: http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/WIP2015-e.pdf

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”: http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/WIP20Y-en.pdf

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm

Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm

Women's Environment and Development Organization, www.wedo.org

Online Women in Politics, www.onlinewomeninpolitics.org

Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.

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