General Resources for Africa
- Tripp, A. et al. 2006. ‘Sub-Saharan Africa: On the Fast Track to Women’s Political Representation’, in Dahlerup, D. (ed.) Women, Quotas and Politics, London/New York: Routledge, pp. 112-137.
- Jabre, K. ‘Enhancing the Role of Women in Electoral Processes in Post-conflict Countries’, Inter-Parliamentary Union, paper prepared for Expert Group Meeting on ‘Enhancing Women’s Participation in Electoral Processes in Post-
Conflict Countries’, Glen Cove, New York, January 2004.
- Mutume, G. 2004. ‘Women break into African politics: Quota Systems Allow More Women to Gain Elected Office’, Africa Recovery, 18, 1: 4.
- Lowe-Morna, C. (ed.) 2004. Ringing Up the Changes: Gender in Southern African Politics, Johannesburg: Gender Links.
- Benyin, C. 2003. ‘Women on War: Give Us 30 Per cent of Parliamentary Seats’, Public Agenda(Accra), 5 September.
- Lowe-Morna, C. 2003. ‘The quota debate rages on’, Amalungelo: A Bi-Monthly Journal for Gender Justice in Southern Africa, 2: 39–40.
- Sakho, A. 2002. ‘Les femmes représenteront 30 pour cent des candidates de 13
partis aux elections locales’, Interpress Service News Agency, 14 April.
- Diop, A.D. 2002. ‘Les quotas en Africa francophone: Des débuts modestes’, in J. Ballington and M. Protais (eds) Les Femmes au parlement: Au Delà du Nombre, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 133–42. Online. Available at:
- Isa, F. 2001 ‘Al-Mashakalat al-Lati Tawajaha al-Mara al-Sudaniya fi al-Masharaka al-Siyasia’, in H. Abdul Rahman (ed.) Political Participation of Women in North Africa, Cairo: Center of Future African Studies, p. 6.
- Yoon, Mi Yung. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa.’ Democratization. Vol. 8, no. 2: 169-190.
- Reynolds, Andrew. 1999. Women in African Legislatures and Executives: The Slow Climb to Power. Auckland Park: Electoral Institute of South Africa (occasional paper).
- Mashingaidze, Dumisani. 1999. ‘A Quota System for Women?’ WomanPlus. 6. No. 3. p. 20.
- Duri, Perkins F. 1999. ‘Women in the Shadow of Politics.’ WomanPlus6. No. 3. p. 24.
- Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
- Ondego, O. 1997. ‘Obstacles to women’s political empowerment’, GENDEReview – Kenya’s Women and Development Quarterly, 4, 2: 5–6.
- Centre for Legislative Development, www.cld.org
- Socialist International Women. ‘The Quota System’, www.socintwomen.org.uk/QUOTA/QUOTA Eng1.html
- The Center for Public Education and Information on Polygamy, www.polygamyinfo.com
- Women's Environment & Development Organization, www.wedo.org
- Electoral Institute of Southern Africa. www.eisa.org.za
- Election World, www.electionworld.org
- Isis International-Manila, www.isiswomen.org
- The Netherlands Institute for South Africa, www.niza.nl
- United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, www.uneca.org
- International Foundation for Election Systems, www.ifes.org
- Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) http://www.ipu.org>.
- Freedom House. http://www.freedomhouse.org.
Inter-Parliamentary Union. http://www.ipu.org/
Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament in 2015: The year in review”: http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/WIP2015-e.pdf
Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliament: 20 years in review”: http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/WIP20Y-en.pdf
Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages”: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm
Inter-Parliamentary Union. “Women in Parliaments: World Classification ”: http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/classif.htm
Women's Environment and Development Organization, www.wedo.org
Online Women in Politics, www.onlinewomeninpolitics.org
Note: The sources and additional reading indicated above are mostly only available in English. We welcome recommendations of additional sources in other languages.