Gender Quotas Database

Country Data

EXPLORE QUOTA DATA    

 

Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria)

Algeria (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 119 of 462 (26%) seats in the Al-Majlis Al-Chaabi Al-Watani / National People's Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: May 28, 2019

Single/Lower House

Al-Majlis Al-Chaabi Al-Watani / National People's Assembly

Total seats 462
Total Women 119
% Women 26%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Article 2 of the 2012 Law for the Representation of Women requires variable quotas of between 20% and 50% of the candidates for parliament to be women, depending on the number of seats in each electoral district. The law prescribes the following quotas in relation to the magnitude of the electoral constituencies: 20% for the constituencies with 4 seats; 30% for those with 5 or more seats; 35% for those with 14 or more seats; 40% for those with 32 or more seats; and 50% for the constituencies abroad. Article 3 states: ‘The seats are assigned in function of the number of votes obtained by each list. The proportions fixed in Article 2 above are necessarily reserved to women candidates according to their position within the lists.’

In addition, political parties can be awarded specific state funding according to the number of their women candidates elected at the national and sub-national levels (Article 7).

Political funding legislation  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Any list of candidates for election established in violation of the quota requirements will be rejected (Article 5 (1)). Article 5 (2) provides an opportunity for parties to make changes to their candidate lists to comply with the gender-based quota requirements 1 month before the date of the election
Rank order/placement rules No  
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

Candidate lists presented for elections to the Wilaya Assemblies must contain at least 30% women candidates if there are 35, 39, 43 or 47 seats to be filled in the respective Wilaya, and 35% if there are between 51 and 55 seats.

Candidate lists presented for elections to the Communal Assemblies located in the municipal capitals of dairas and in communes with more than 20,000 inhabitants must comprise at least 30% women candidates (Article 2).

In addition, political parties can be awarded specific state funding according to the number of women candidates elected at the national and sub-national levels (Article 7).

Political funding legislation  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Any list of candidates for election established in violation of the quota requirements will be rejected (Article 5 (1)). Article 5 (2) provides an opportunity for parties to make changes to their candidate lists to comply with the gender-based quota requirements. These changes must be made 1 month before the date of the elections.
Rank order/placement rules No  

Additional Information

While providing mandatory candidate quotas for women candidates, the legal framework does not specify any mechanism for the allocation of seats to women in a manner that would translate the quota requirements into actual seat allocations in the elected parliament. In order to address this issue, an inter-ministerial circular was issued in advance of the 2012 parliamentary elections, specifying the formula for the allocation of seats for women.

During the 2012 legislative elections, political parties largely respected the women’s quota requirements, nominating a total of 7700 women candidates, or approximately 31 per cent of the total number of candidates. However, given that the law falls short of specifying ranking rules, a limited number of party lists were headed by women and relatively few party lists in certain constituencies alternated male and female candidates

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Africa | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Algeria? Tell us!

Comments

 

Do you have news concerning gender quotas for promoting
the equal participation and representation of women and men?
Please send them to us so that we can keep the information on this site up to date.

 

Contact Us