Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Czech Republic (Czech Republic)

Czech Republic (Czech Republic) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 45 of 200 (23%) seats in the Poslanecka Snemovna / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Upper House?
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Feb 7, 2020

Single/Lower House

Poslanecka Snemovna / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats 200
Total Women 45
% Women 23%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democrats Česká strana sociálně demokratická [ČSSD] 25 percent of those elected by the party must be women. If a local party organization has failed to nominate 25 percent women among its top candidates, then the Social Democratic Women's Organization has the right to nominate extra women.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information




Additional reading

  • Wolchik, Saron L. (2009). ‘Women in parliament in the Czech republic’. In Rueschemeyer, Marilyn and Sharon L. Wolchik (eds) Women in power in post-communist parliaments. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 111-130.
  • Rakusanova, Petra and Mansfeldova, Zdenka (2004). ‘Female in politics and female interest representation’. in Gabriella Ilonszki (ed) Women in decision-making: CEE experiences. Budapest: Soros Open Society Institute, 100-120.
  • Saxonberg, Steven (2003). ‘Czech political parties prefer male candidates to female votes’. In Matland, Richard E. and Montgomery, Kathleen A. (eds) Women's access to political power in post-communist Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 245-266.
  • Czech Republic Parliament website,
  • Czech Statistics website,

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