Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon)

Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 56 of 180 (31%) seats in the Assemblée nationale - National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Feb 17, 2020

Single/Lower House

Assemblée nationale - National Assembly

Total seats 180
Total Women 56
% Women 31%
Election Year 2013
Electoral System FPTP PBV List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais [RDPC] In 1996 the Cameeroon Peoples Democratic Movement introduced a 25-30 percent quota for women on electoral lists.
Social Democratic Front Front Social Démocrate [SDF] SDF has adopted a 25 percent quota.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Each list shall take into consideration the various sociological components of the constituency concerned. It shall also take into consideration gender aspects. (Electoral law No 2012/001, Section 151:3)



Additional reading

  • Adams, M. 2003. ‘Cameroon’, in A.M. Tripp (ed.) The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Women’s Issues Worldwide: Sub-Saharan Africa, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, pp. 82–107.
  • Yoon, M.Y. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’ in Democratization, Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 169–190.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Towards Partnership Between Men and Women in Politics. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Cameroon Parliament website,>

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