Gender Quotas Database

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Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon)

Cameroon (Republic of Cameroon) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 61 of 180 (34%) seats in the Assemblée nationale - National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Jun 13, 2022

Single/Lower House

Assemblée nationale - National Assembly

Total seats 180
Total Women 61
% Women 34%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System FPTP PBV List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Upper House

Sénat - Senate / Senate

Total seats 100
Total Women 26
% Women 26%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System Indirectly elected
Quota Type No legislated>
  Legal source Details
Quota type: No legislated Electoral law  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No data available
Rank order/placement rules No data available

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Cameroon People's Democratic Movement Rassemblement démocratique du Peuple Camerounais [RDPC] In 1996 the Cameeroon Peoples Democratic Movement introduced a 25-30 percent quota for women on electoral lists.
Social Democratic Front Front Social Démocrate [SDF] SDF has adopted a 25 percent quota.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Each list shall take into consideration the various sociological components of the constituency concerned. It shall also take into consideration gender aspects. (Electoral law No 2012/001, Section 151:3)

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Mougoué, J. 2019. Gender, Separatist Politics, and Embodied Nationalism in Cameroon. doi:10.3998/mpub.9955202
  • Adams, M. 2003. ‘Cameroon’, in A.M. Tripp (ed.) The Greenwood Encyclopedia of Women’s Issues Worldwide: Sub-Saharan Africa, Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, pp. 82–107.
  • Yoon, M.Y. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’ in Democratization, Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 169–190.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Towards Partnership Between Men and Women in Politics. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Cameroon Parliament website

Additional reading

Africa | Global

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