Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Benin (Republic of Benin)

Benin (Republic of Benin) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 28 of 109 (26%) seats in the Assemblee nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 17, 2023

Single/Lower House

Assemblee nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 109
Total Women 28
% Women 26%
Election Year 2023
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Electoral law

The number of deputies in the National Assembly is one hundred and nine (109) with twenty-four (24) seats reserved exclusively for women (Art. 144, Loi N. 2019-43 du 15 Novembre 2019). 

Article 145 of the Code requires political parties to present their lists of candidates in all electoral constituencies. Each list must include the same number of candidates as there are seats to be filled, including one woman and her substitute, specially presented under the reserved seats section.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No data available
Rank order/placement rules No data available
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Republican Bloc Bloc Républicain [BR] Offices of the bodies of the party must be composed, as much as possible, of 30% youth and 30% women members (Article 51 of the Party Statute).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

There should be more women in parliament: this was the consensus of a parliamentary conference organized by the IPU and the National Assembly in Cotonou, Benin, from 18 to 19 January 2018.  Women’s representation in parliament has been traditionally low in Benin. The conference therefore reviewed way in which to boost the percentage in view of impending elections in April 2019.

Solutions included establishing a minimum representation for each gender on electoral lists; modifying the electoral code to provide for additional reserves of parliamentary seats for women; possibly including affirmative action in the constitution; and organizing awareness raising and training programmes involving the government and civil society (IPU, February 2018).






Additional reading

Additional reading

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