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Burundi (Republic of Burundi)

Burundi (Republic of Burundi) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house and at the sub-national level. 47 of 123 (38%) seats in the Inama NshingmateKa / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Mar 30, 2022

Single/Lower House

Inama NshingmateKa / National Assembly

Total seats 123
Total Women 47
% Women 38%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution

The National Assembly is composed of at least 100 deputies in rates of 60% Hutu and 40% Tutsi, of which a minimum of 30% must be women, elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of 5 years and 3 deputies issuing from the Twa ethnicity co-opted according to the electoral code (Article 169).

 
Electoral law

Article 108 (1) of the 2014 Electoral Code stipulates that at least 30% of the members of the National Assembly must be women. In addition Article 127 (4) of the Electoral Code states that lists must take gender balance into account and that one in 4 candidates must be a woman.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Constitution

"In the case that the results of an election do not reflect the percentages outlined above, it proceeds to the rectification of corresponding imbalances by means of cooptation provided for in the Electoral Code" (Article 169). 

According to the Electoral Law, if the election results do not fulfill the quota requirements, a process of co-optation will follow, whereby the Electoral Administration adds, from the candidate lists that have obtained at least 5% of the votes cast, more members from the under-represented ethnic group or gender until the quota requirements are met (Article 108 .2 of the Electoral Code).

 
Rank order/placement rules Constitution

”The elections of deputies occur following the ballot of bloc lists by proportional representation. These lists must have a multiethnic character and take into account the balance between men and women. For three candidates registered on a list, only two can belong to the same ethnic group, and at least one of three must be a woman” (Article 173). 

 
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Sénat / Senate

Total seats 39
Total Women 16
% Women 41%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System Indirectly elected
Quota Type Reserved seats>
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution

The Senate is composed of: a minimum rate of 30% women is guaranteed. Electoral law determines practical ways and, with cooptation in due case (Article 185). 

 

 
Electoral law

Article 142 of the Electoral Code of 2014 requires a minimum of 30 % women in the Senate.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Constitution

The Electoral Law shall provide for a co-optation mechanism, if necessary, so that the 30% quota for women is met (Article 185 of the Constitution).

In addition, the Electoral Law states that if the quota requirements are not met, a process of co-optation will follow, whereby the Electoral Administration, in consultation with the parties concerned, adds more members from the candidate lists that have obtained at least 5% of the votes cast, until the quota requirements are met (Article 142.2 of the Electoral Code).

 
Rank order/placement rules No None

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

The Communal Councils comprise 15 members, 30% of which must be women (Article 182.2 of the Electoral Code). In addition, article 177.2 stipulates that, for elections to the District Councils, the five candidates with the highest number of votes are elected. In case two candidates have obtained the same number of votes, priority is given to the candidate of the less represented gender.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law In case the composition of the Communal Council does not reflect the ethnical and gender diversity, the Independent National Electoral Commission, in consultation with the parties concerned, can, through a mechanism of co-optation, appoint the necessary number of members from the candidates list that obtained the highest number of votes, until the quota requirements are met (Articles 181 (2) and 191 of the electoral code).
Rank order/placement rules No None

Additional Information

The 2005 Constitution also stipulates a 30% quota for women in government posts (Article 129). In addition, Article 33 of the law on political parties stipulates that no more than three out of every four members of a party’s organizational structure shall be of the same gender.

Burundi uses constitutional reserved seats for parliament as it is decided that a certain percentage among those elected must be women. The reserved seats are in combination with a legislated quota since the Electoral Code states that lists must take gender balance into account and that one in four candidates must be a woman, meaning a minimum for the share of women on the candidate lists is set.

 

Additional reading

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