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Burkina Faso (Burkina Faso)

Burkina Faso (Burkina Faso) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 8 of 127 (6%) seats in the Assemblée nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Oct 1, 2021

Single/Lower House

Assemblée nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 127
Total Women 8
% Women 6%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law Lists of candidates must include at least 30% of either sex (Law on Quotas, Article 3).
Political funding legislation If a party reaches or exceeds the 30 % quota, it will receive additional funding (Law on Quotas, Article 5 & 6).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Sanctions for non-compliance (loss of 50 per cent of public funding) were removed in 2020. However, If a party reaches or exceeds the 30% quota, it will receive additional funding as prescribed by the regulations related to public funding of political parties (Article 6).

 
Rank order/placement rules No None
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? Other  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law Lists of candidates must include at least 30% of either sex.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Sanctions for non-compliance (loss of 50 per cent of public funding) were removed in 2020. However, if a party reaches or exceeds the 30 percent quota, it will receive additional funding as prescribed by the regulations related to public funding of political parties (Law on Quotas, Article 5 & 6).

 
Rank order/placement rules No None

Additional Information

According to the Law on Quotas adopted in 2009, parties are required to include at least 30% women on their lists of candidates for the National Assembly and municipal elections. This law was implemented for the first time in the 2012 legislative and municipal elections, when the interpretation of the Law on Quotas by many political parties was that at least 30% of all candidates nominated by each political party must have been women, instead of 30% women candidates per party list in each electoral constituency (Inter-Parliamentary Union 2013).

As non-compliance with the quota requirements does not entail the annulment of the list but rather financial sanctions, and as the law does not provide for a ranking order requirement, only 16% of the elected members of the National Assembly in the 2012 elections were women.

“Burkina Faso’s 2009 legislated candidate quota law was revised in January ahead of the 2020 elections. The revision included a legislated 30 per cent candidate quota for party lists of both primary and secondary elected positions (“titulaires” and “suppléants”) using a zebra placement system. The lack of such placement rules had been identified as a factor in the low success of quotas in previous elections. However, a trade-off was made on sanction rules. Sanctions for non-compliance (loss of 50 per cent of public funding) were removed and only incentive measures were retained (20 per cent additional funding for parties that met the target)" (Inter-Parlamentary Union 2021). 

 

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

 

Additional reading

  • Compaoré, Nestorine. 2002. ‘Le recrutement de femmes pour les élections legislatives au Burkina Faso’, in International IDEA. Les Femmes au parlement : Au-Delà du Nombre (Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers. Stockholm, Sweden: International IDEA.
  • Tiendrébéogo-Kaboret, Alice. 2002. ‘Burkina Faso: Les obstacles á la participation des femmes au parlement’, in International IDEA. Les Femmes au parlement : Au-Delà du Nombre (Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers). Stockholm, Sweden: International IDEA.
  • Yoon, M.Y. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’, in Democratization, Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 169–190.
  • Reynolds, Andrew. 1999. Women in African Legislatures and Executives: The Slow Climb to Power. Johannesburg: Electoral Institute of South Africa.
  • Tamale, S. 1999. When Hens Begin to Crow: Gender and Parliamentary Politics in Uganda. Colorado: Westview Press.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997a. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997b. Towards Partnership Between Men and Women in Politics. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Burkina Faso Parliament website, https://www.assembleenationale.bf//

Additional reading

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