Gender Quotas Database

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Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 11 of 42 (26%) seats in the Predstavnicki dom / House of Representatives are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Oct 1, 2021

Single/Lower House

Predstavnicki dom / House of Representatives

Total seats 42
Total Women 11
% Women 26%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Article 4.19.(3) of the Electoral Code establishes that: "Every candidates list shall include candidates of male and female gender, who are equally represented. The equal representation of the genders shall exist in case when one of the genders is represented with minimum of 40% of the total number of candidates on the list. The minority gender candidates shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: at least one minority gender candidate amongst the first two candidates, two minority gender candidates amongst the first five candidates, and three minority gender candidates amongst the first eight candidates, et seq"

 

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Article 4.21 of the Electoral Code establishes that: "The Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Hercegovina shall notify the political party, coalition or list of independent candidates of any rejected individual candidates. A political party, coalition, or list of independent candidates shall have five days after the date of receipt of such notification to correct a candidates list by replacing candidates or providing further documentation if requested by the Central Election Commission of BiH"

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Article 4.19.(3) of the Electoral Code establishes that: "The minority gender candidates shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: at least one minority gender candidate amongst the first two candidates, two minority gender candidates amongst the first five candidates, and three minority gender candidates amongst the first eight candidates, et seq"

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes

10% of the public funding budget is distributed to parliamentary groups proportional to the number of seats belonging to less represented gender


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Article 4.19.(3) of the Electoral Code establishes that: "Every candidates list shall include candidates of male and female gender, who are equally represented. The equal representation of the genders shall exist in case when one of the genders is represented with minimum of 40% of the total number of candidates on the list. The minority gender candidates shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: at least one minority gender candidate amongst the first two candidates, two minority gender candidates amongst the first five candidates, and three minority gender candidates amongst the first eight candidates, et seq"

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Article 4.21 of the Electoral Code establishes that: "The Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Hercegovina shall notify the political party, coalition or list of independent candidates of any rejected individual candidates. A political party, coalition, or list of independent candidates shall have five days after the date of receipt of such notification to correct a candidates list by replacing candidates or providing further documentation if requested by the Central Election Commission of BiH"

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Article 4.19.(3) of the Electoral Code establishes that: "The minority gender candidates shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: at least one minority gender candidate amongst the first two candidates, two minority gender candidates amongst the first five candidates, and three minority gender candidates amongst the first eight candidates, et seq"'

Additional Information

In 1998, the Provisional Election Commission adopted a minimum 30% quota for women on every party list. In the 1998 elections this resulted in a dramatic increase in women’s representation at all legislative levels. In 2000, this rule was codified into the Election Law of Bosnia and Herzegovina and applied to all party lists in the 2000 national and municipal elections. However, the electoral law was reformed at the same time to provide an open-list proportional electoral system, which subsequently reduced the impact of legislated candidate quotas (International IDEA 2004: 39). In the 2014 election, "in line with recent amendments to the election law, 42% of candidates were women" (OSCE/ ODIHR Election Observation Mission 2014: 12 ). However, women obtained only 21.4% of the seats, according to IPU (www.ipu.org) up from 17% in the 2010 elections. In the 2018 general elections, women candidate registration was considerable, but the percentage of women being elected into the Bosnia and Herzegovina House of Representatives (BiH HoR) remained at 21.4 %, and the share of women elected into the BiH HoR on state level decreased from 23% in the 2014 elections to only 16% (two women) in the 2018 elections (OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation MIssion 2018: 2, 14). 

Additional reading

Additional reading

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