Gender Quotas Database

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Argentina (Argentine Republic)

Argentina (Argentine Republic) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 99 of 257 (39%) seats in the Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 16, 2019

Single/Lower House

Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats 257
Total Women 99
% Women 39%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas¤
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤ Constitution

‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system’ (Constitution of 1994, Article 37 (2)).

Electoral law

Party electoral lists are required to have a minimum of 30% women among their candidates for all national elections with real chances of being elected. (Electoral Code of 2012, Article 60 [3])

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Party lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements will not be approved (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]). If a party list does not comply with the rank order requirements, the competent electoral judge shall notify the concerned party which should change the order of the candidates in the list within 48 hours. In case the party does not abide by these requirements, the competent Court shall place in the appropriate places the women candidates who are next on the party list. (Decree Nº 1246/2000, Article 8)
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law The 30% regulation is aimed at the pool of seats the party is trying to renew. There must always be at least 1 woman for every 2 men. Parties without representation or with only 1 or 2 seats to renew are obliged to have 1 woman of the top 2 candidates; parties renewing more than 2 seats must have at least 1 woman in the first 3 candidates. (Decree 1246/2000, Articles 3, 4 and 5)
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Not applicable

There are no individuals candidatures, it´s a closed, blocked-party-list system and lists must be conformed by a certain % of womens.  There is no information in legislation or other sources that a connection between direct public funding and the gender equality is in use.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No

There is no information in legislation or other sources that a connection between direct public funding and the gender equality is in use.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Senado / Senate

Total seats 72
Total Women 30
% Women 42%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System Majority (using party lists)
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system.’ (Constitution of 1994, Article 37 [2])

Electoral law Party electoral lists are required to have a minimum of 30% women among their candidates for all national elections. In the case of senatorial elections, the lists shall be composed of two candidates of different sex, for both regular and alternate candidates. (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Party lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements will not be approved (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]). If a party list does not comply with the rank order requirements, the competent electoral judge shall notify the concerned party which should change the order of the candidates in the list within 48 hours. In case the party does not abide by these requirements, the competent Court shall place in the appropriate places the women candidates who are next on the party list. (Decree Nº 1246/2000, Article 8)
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law There must always be at least 1 woman for every 2 men. Parties without representation or with only 1 or 2 seats to renew are obliged to have 1 woman of the top 2 candidates; parties renewing more than 2 seats must have at least 1 woman in the first 3 candidates. (Decree 1246/2000, Articles 3,4 & 5)

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤ Constitution

‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system.’ (Constitution of 1994, Article 37 [2])

Electoral law Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Various provincial legal acts Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.
Rank order/placement rules Various provincial legal acts Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Justicialist Party Partido Justicialista [PJ] The national statutes state that at all levels within the party, as well as on electoral lists, the representation of women must be respected. This is specified in the provincial party statutes, percentages varying between 30 and 50 percent.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

After sustained pressure from various women's organizations, in 1991 a new electoral law, ‘Ley de Cupo Femenino’ was introduced requiring party electoral lists to have a minimum of 30 per cent women among their candidates for all national elections. In 1993, Decree 379 set a minimum number of seats that would have to be accorded to women: at least one post when 2-4 were available, at least two posts where 5-8 were available, at least three when 9-11 were available, at least four when 12-14 were available, at least five when 15-18 were available, and at least six when 19-20 were available. Also in 1993, the law was clarified so that for every two males placed on the list, at least one female must also be placed; and when only two names are presented, one must be a woman. In 2000, this was extended to all elections and to all seats that a party was renewing (Marx & Borner 2008: 5).

By 1999, 22 of Argentina’s 24 provinces had adopted quota rules for the state legislature and for most municipal councils.

During 2017 election were held to renew one-half of the seats (127) in the Chamber of Deputies on the normal expiry of the members' term of office. The results of that election shows that 48 women were elected.  

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Piscopo, J. 2016. "Women, Representation, and Policy Change in Argentina", Panoramas Scholary Platform. , Published 14 June 2016, Accessed 10 October 2018.

  • Marx, Jutta and Jutta Borner 2008 "Avances y desafíos en el camino hacia una mayor igualdad entre los géneros en la arena política" in Sample, K. and Llanos, B. (ed) Del Dicho al Hecho International IDEA

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