Gender Quotas Database

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Angola (Republic of Angola)

Angola (Republic of Angola) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 65 of 220 (30%) seats in the Assembleia nacional / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Sep 28, 2021

Single/Lower House

Assembleia nacional / National Assembly

Total seats 220
Total Women 65
% Women 30%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Article 20 (2-m) of Law 22/10 in Political Parties establishes that the Charter of Political Parties must include rules to encourage the promotion of equal opportunities and equity between men and women, as well as a gender representation of not less than 30% in the governing and directive bodies at all levels.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No  
Rank order/placement rules No  
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The charter of political parties must include ‘rules which encourage the promotion of equal opportunities and equity between men and women, as well as a gender representation of not less than 30% in their governing bodies at all levels’ (Article 20 (2-m) of Law 22/10 on Political Parties).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance
Rank order/placement rules No data available

Additional Information

In the Election of 2008, the ruling party "People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola"(MPLA), which won 81 per cent of the seats, had 77 women elected out of its 191 members of parliament (MPs).  The main opposition party, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), elected 4women out of its 16 MPs.

The MPLA adopted a 30 per cent quota for women candidates in the Law 22/10 in Political Parties. This has resulted in a huge increase in women's representation in the National Assembly (from 9.5 per cent in the 1992 elections, to 34 per cent in 2012).

 

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

 

OTHER SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Arendt, C. (2018). From Critical Mass to Critical Leaders: Unpacking the Political Conditions behind Gender Quotas in Africa. Politics & Gender, 14(3), 295-322.

Additional reading

Africa | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Angola? Tell us!

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