Gender Quotas Database

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South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan)

South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house and at the sub-national level. 109 of 400 (27%) seats in the Al-Majlis Al-Tachirii / National Legislative Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 8, 2019

Single/Lower House

Al-Majlis Al-Tachirii / National Legislative Assembly

Total seats 400
Total Women 109
% Women 27%
Election Year 2016
Electoral System In transition
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution

The new Constitution of South Sudan states that ‘All levels of government shall: promote women’s participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs by at least twenty-five per cent as an affirmative action to redress imbalances created by history, customs, and traditions’. (Constitution of South Sudan, 2011, Article 16 (4:a)).

Electoral law

The current National Legislative Assembly is composed of all the members of the former Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA), former members of the National Legislative Assembly of the Republic of Sudan elected from constituencies in Southern Sudan, and members appointed under Article 94 (2:b) of the Transitional Constitution of South Sudan.

 The new electoral law adopted in 2012, which will be implemented in the 2015 legislative elections, states that ‘the National Legislative Assembly of South Sudan is composed of the members elected as follows: sixty per cent of members shall be elected to represent geographical constituencies in the Republic of South Sudan; twenty-five per cent representing women members shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation at the national level from closed party lists and fifteen per cent shall be elected through proportional representation at the national level from closed party lists’ (Article 60 (2), National Elections Act of South Sudan, 2012).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No data available
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No data available

Upper House

Al-Watani / Council of States

Total seats 50
Total Women 6
% Women 12%
Election Year 2011
Electoral System Indirectly elected and appointed
Quota Type Reserved seats>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution

During the transitional period, the Council of States is composed of all South Sudanese representatives who were members of the Council of States of Sudan, and twenty representatives appointed by the president of South Sudan.

The new Constitution of South Sudan states that ‘all levels of government shall: promote women’s participation in public life and their representation in the legislative and executive organs by at least twenty-five per cent as an affirmative action to redress imbalances created by history, customs, and traditions’. (Article 16 (4:a))

Electoral law

After the transitional period, ‘there shall be four representatives from each State in the Council of States elected by members of the State Legislative Assembly. One representative shall be a woman. Every member of the State Legislative Assembly shall have four votes one of which must be cast for a woman. The top four candidates with the highest number of valid votes shall be declared elected.’ (Article 60 (3), National Elections Act of South Sudan, 2012)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution The new Constitution of South Sudan states that ‘the territory of South Sudan is composed of ten states governed on the basis of decentralization. There shall be legislative and executive organs at each state level. In fulfilment of the principle of affirmative action, women shall be allocated at least twenty-five per cent of the seats and positions in each legislative and each executive organ of each state, without prejudice to their right to compete for the remaining seats and positions in such organs’ (Articles 162, 163).
Electoral law

‘The total number of members of the States Assemblies for the whole country shall be four hundred (400) men and women to be apportioned to states by the Commission in accordance with the population size of each state: Sixty per cent (60%) of the members shall be elected to represent geographical constituencies at the level of the state concerned; twenty-five per cent (25%) of women members shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation at the state level from closed women lists; and fifteen per cent (15%) of the members shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation at the state level from closed party lists.’ (Article 61, National Elections Act of South Sudan, 2012)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Additional Information

Following the independence of South Sudan in 2011, the new Constitution and the Electoral Law were adopted in 2011 and 2012 respectively. South Sudan’s first general elections are expected to be held in 2015, and the gender quota provisions described above will be implemented in these elections for the first time.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

 

 

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