Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu)

Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas at the sub-national level. 0 of 52 (0%) seats in the Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 18, 2021

Single/Lower House


Total seats 52
Total Women 0
% Women
Election Year 2020
Electoral System SNTV
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Electoral law For Municipal Council elections, 1 seat in every ward in a municipality must be reserved for a woman (Amendment to the Municipalities Act, 2013).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Additional Information

In 2013, the Vanuatu Parliament passed a historic amendment to the Municipalities Act, providing for reserved seats for women in the municipal councils. The quota provision is regarded as a ‘special temporary measure’ and will be implemented for the first time in the Port Vila Municipal Council elections scheduled to take place in December 2013. The Port Vila Municipal Council has 14 seats, 13 of which are currently occupied by male councillors. In the forthcoming elections, five seats will be reserved for women candidates who will be elected from a separate ballot. A female candidate can either contest a reserved seat or a general seat in a ward.

12 % of councillors elected were women, after the 2017 March provincial elections. "Following the 2017 provincial elctions, there was one elected female councillor plus six appointed by the Department of Local Authorities to represent women in each provincial council. For the Municipal councils, 11 women were elected through the reserved seats arrangement"(Commonwealth Local Government Forum). 




Additional reading

Additional reading

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