Vanuatu (Republic of Vanuatu) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas at the sub-national level. 0 of 52 (0%) seats in the Parliament are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? No
- For the Sub-National Level? Yes
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties?
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: Jan 18, 2021
Quota at the Sub-National Level
- Quota type: Reserved seats
|Quota type: Reserved seats||Electoral law||For Municipal Council elections, 1 seat in every ward in a municipality must be reserved for a woman (Amendment to the Municipalities Act, 2013).|
|Legal sanctions for non-compliance||N/A||Not applicable|
|Rank order/placement rules||N/A||Not applicable|
In 2013, the Vanuatu Parliament passed a historic amendment to the Municipalities Act, providing for reserved seats for women in the municipal councils. The quota provision is regarded as a ‘special temporary measure’ and will be implemented for the first time in the Port Vila Municipal Council elections scheduled to take place in December 2013. The Port Vila Municipal Council has 14 seats, 13 of which are currently occupied by male councillors. In the forthcoming elections, five seats will be reserved for women candidates who will be elected from a separate ballot. A female candidate can either contest a reserved seat or a general seat in a ward.
12 % of councillors elected were women, after the 2017 March provincial elections. "Following the 2017 provincial elctions, there was one elected female councillor plus six appointed by the Department of Local Authorities to represent women in each provincial council. For the Municipal councils, 11 women were elected through the reserved seats arrangement"(Commonwealth Local Government Forum).
- Municipalities (Amendment) Act No. 11 of 2013, accessed: 24 October 2019
- Radio New Zealand International, ‘Vanuatu Creates Reserved Seats for Women on Municipal Councils’, 30 August 2013, accessed: 04 April 2014
- Baker, K. (2019), Reserved seats in Vanuatu: gender equality and “foreign interference”, Newstex, Acton.
- C. Mccormack, S. Jennings, L. Kenni, (September 2020), Oxfam Research Reports September 2020. "Gender and LGBTQI+ Policy and Programming in Vanuatu Opportunities, challenges, capacity, and tools for change"