Viet Nam (Socialist Republicof Viet Nam) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house. 132 of 494 (27%) seats in the Quoc-Hoi / National Assembly are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? Yes
- For the Sub-National Level?
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties?
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: Jul 2, 2019
Quoc-Hoi / National Assembly
|Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas||Electoral law||
According to Electoral Law 2015, under Article 8 of chapter II, 'the number of women who are nominated National Assembly candidates shall be proposed by Standing Committee of the National Assembly at the request of the Presidium of Central Committee of Vietnam Women's Union, provided that at least 35% of total official National Assembly candidates are women.'
According to Article 9, 'standing bodies of People’s Councils of districts shall make proposals for proportion, composition and number of nominated People’s Council candidates of provinces or districts nominated by political organizations, socio-political organizations, social organizations, people's armed units, regulatory agencies at the same administrative level and inferior administrative divisions, public service providers and business organizations in administrative divisions, provided that at least 35% of total official People’s Council candidates are women'. This also applies to the candidate list of commune councils.
|Legal sanctions for non-compliance||Electoral law||
|Rank order/placement rules||Electoral law||
|Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates?||No data available|
|Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?||No data available|
The 2015 electoral law stipulates that at least 35 per cent of candidates be women. All candidatures must be screened by the Fatherland Front, an umbrella body of pro-government mass-movements close to the Communist Party. Prior to the 2016 elections, the National Assembly chose the country's new leaders. On 31 March, Ms. Nguyen Thi Kim Ngan was elected as the first woman Speaker in Viet Nam. Subsequently, during the 2016 election, 39% of the candidates were women (IPU.com, 2016).
- Electoral Law 2015 (unofficial translation), accessed 02 July, 2019
- Joshi, D. K. and Thimothy, R. 2018. ‘Long-term impacts of parliamentary gender quotas in a single-party system: Symbolic co-option or delayed integration?’, International Political Science Review. doi: 10.1177/0192512118772852.