Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Viet Nam (Socialist Republic of Viet Nam)

Viet Nam (Socialist Republic of Viet Nam) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 151 of 499 (30%) seats in the Quoc-Hoi / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Jun 13, 2022

Single/Lower House

Quoc-Hoi / National Assembly

Total seats 499
Total Women 151
% Women 30%
Election Year 2021
Electoral System TRS
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law

The number of women to be nominated to stand for election to the National Assembly is estimated by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly on the basis of the proposal of the Presidium of the Central Executive Committee of the Vietnam Women's Union. At least thirty-five percent of the total number of people on the official list of National Assembly candidates are women (Art. 8.3 National Assembly Election Law). 

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law


Rank order/placement rules Electoral law


Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No data available
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No data available

Additional Information

No additional information available


Additional reading

  • Nguyen, D. (2022) Women’s Participation in Public Administration in Vietnam: A Case Study of Policy and Practice from 1986 to the Present, International Journal of Public Administration
  • See the latest updates on Viet Nam on iKNOW Politics
  • Joshi, D. K. and Thimothy, R. (2019) ‘Long-term impacts of parliamentary gender quotas in a single-party system: Symbolic co-option or delayed integration?’, International Political Science Review

Additional reading

Asia | Global

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