Gender Quotas Database

Country Data

EXPLORE QUOTA DATA    

 

Uganda (Republic of Uganda)

Uganda (Republic of Uganda) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 188 of 556 (34%) seats in the Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 26, 2022

Single/Lower House

Parliament

Total seats 556
Total Women 188
% Women 34%
Election Year 2021
Electoral System FPTP
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution Article 78(1) of the Constitution states that the parliament shall consist of 1 woman representative for every district. There are 112 districts in Uganda.
Electoral law The parliament of Uganda is formed in the following way: there are 238 constituency representatives; 112 district women representatives directly elected by all voters on a special ballot in each district (for women candidates only); 10 representatives of the Uganda People’s Defence Forces, of whom 2 must be women; 5 youth representatives, of whom 1 must be a woman; 5 representatives of persons with disabilities, of whom 1 must be a woman; and 5 representatives of workers, of whom 1 must be a woman (Article 8 of the Parliamentary Elections Act, 2005).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution

Article 180 (2:b) of the 1995 Constitution states that one-third of the membership of each local government council shall be reserved for women.

Electoral law

Women councillors are elected from special constituencies. ‘The population quota for demarcation of electoral areas for women representatives shall be determined by the requirement of women constituting one-third of any local council being considered.’ (Article 108 (3) of the Local Governments Act, 1997)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
National Resistance Movement [NRM] When the National Resistance Movement party is electing leadership of the organs, "40% of the positions shall be reserved for women except in cases where it is impracticable to do so" (ch. 5, article 42.1). (NRM constitution)

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

In the 2011 election, 131 seats were won by women, including 11 elected through constituency representatives, 112 district women representatives; two youth representatives; two representatives of disabled persons; two workers’ representatives; and two representatives of the Uganda People's Defense Forces.

In the 2006 election, 99 seats were won by women, including 14 constituency representatives; 79 district women representatives (one district seat remained vacant); one youth representative; one representative of disabled persons; two workers’ representatives; and two representatives of the Uganda People's Defense Forces.

Prior to 2006, women contesting district representative seats reserved for women were not directly elected but were elected by an electoral college which was often male dominated.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Uganda on iKNOW Politics
  • Wang, V., & Yoon, M. 2018. Recruitment mechanisms for reserved seats for women in parliament and switches to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 56(2), 299-324
  • Clayton, A., Josefsson, C. & Wang, V. 2016, Quotas and Women’s Substantive Representation: Evidence from a Content Analysis of Ugandan Plenary Debates, Politics & Gender, Quotas and Women’s Substantive Representation
  • Longwe, S. H. 2000. ‘Towards Realistic Strategies for Women's Political Empowerment in Africa’, in Women and Leadership, Caroline Sweetman (ed.). Oxford: Oxfam. pp. 24-30.
  • Tamale, S. 2000. ‘”Point of order, Mr Speaker”: African women claiming their space in parliament’, in Caroline Sweetman (ed.) Women and Leadership, Oxford: Oxfam. pp. 24-30.
  • Tripp, A.M. 2000. Women & Politics in Uganda, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press; Oxford: James Currey and Kampala: Fountain Publishers.
  • Butegwa, F. 1999. ‘Building Women's Capacity to Participate in Governance’, paper presented at the Capacity Building North and South Links and Lessons Conference, July 1-3.
  • Tamale, S. 1999. When Hens Begin to Crow: Gender and Parliamentary Politics in Uganda. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Kabebari-Macharia, J. 1997. ‘Asserting the Right to Political Decision-making’, GENDEReview – Kenya's Women and Development Quarterly. 4. no. 1: 13-14.
  • Kalebbo, G. D. 1996. ‘How to Make it to Parliament’, Women's Vision, April 30.
  • Uganda Parliament website, http://www.parliament.go.ug/

Additional reading

Africa | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Uganda? Tell us!

Comments

 

Do you have news concerning gender quotas for promoting
the equal participation and representation of women and men?
Please send them to us so that we can keep the information on this site up to date.

 

Contact Us

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.