Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand)

Thailand (Kingdom of Thailand) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 81 of 500 (16%) seats in the Rathasapha / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Feb 4, 2020

Single/Lower House

Rathasapha / National Assembly

Total seats 500
Total Women 81
% Women 16%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System MMP
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Democrat Party Pak Prachatipat [DP] The Democrat Party has a target of 30 percent women candidates for election

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Thailand adopted a new constitution in 2017, which including a paragraph on the requirements for political parties candidate lists to include women on equal terms as men (IPU 2019). 


 In the preparation of a list of candidates under paragraph two, the members of the political party shall be allowed to participate in the deliberations, and regard shall be had to the candidates for election from different regions and equality between men and women (Article 90, Constitution 2017).

Additional reading

  • Thailand Government, Public Relations Department, Elected Women in National Politics’,

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