Gender Quotas Database

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El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador)

El Salvador (Republic of El Salvador) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 26 of 84 (31%) seats in the Asamblea legislativa / Legislative Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 16, 2019

Single/Lower House

Asamblea legislativa / Legislative Assembly

Total seats 84
Total Women 26
% Women 31%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law According to Article 37 of the 2013 Law on Political Parties (No. 307), political parties must include in their candidate lists for elections to the Legislative Assembly at least 30% women candidates.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Law on Political Parties

Political parties that do not comply with the gender quota provisions will be fined an amount equal to 15 - 55 basic salaries and will have 15 days to correct their list according to what the law stipulates (Articles 71 (e) and 73).

Rank order/placement rules Law on Political Parties

None

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Political parties must include in their candidate lists for the municipal councils at least 30% women candidates (Law on Political Parties, Article 37).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Law on Political Parties

Political parties that do not comply with the gender quota provisions will be fined an amount equal to 15 to 55 basic salaries and will have 15 days to correct their list according to what the law stipulates (Articles 71 (e) and 73).

Rank order/placement rules Law on Political Parties

None

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
National Liberation Front Farabundo Mart Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional [FMLN] FMLN has a 35 percent quota for women (party statutes of 1996, article 9).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Prior to the adoption of the quota regulation, El Salvador was a country with a relatively high percentage of women elected, due to the adoption of voluntary party quotas and a relatively high degree of compliance by parties with these rules. With the 2013 amendment to the Law on Political Parties, which will be applied for the 2015 elections, all political parties are required to include at least 30 per cent women on their candidate lists for elections at the national and sub-national level. However, political parties are still free to decide on the placement of women on the lists, as the law does not provide any rule for the ranking order of candidates.

The Law on Political Parties (Article 37) also states that political parties must include at least 30 per cent women on their lists of candidates for the elections for the Central American Parliament.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Htun, Mala N. 2002. Women in Political Power in Latin America. Manuscript.
  • Murcia, Ana, Kristin Rosekrans, Mario Antonio Paniagua, and Alma Yanira Quezada. 1999. El SalvadorReport: Transition and Participation. http://www.socialwatch.org/node/10650
  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Asociación Internacional para el Desarrollo Económico y Social and CIDEP. 1997. ‘El Salvador: The poor ... are they saved?’ http://www.socialwatch.org/en/informesNacionales/328.html
  • El Salvador Parliament website, http://www.asamblea.gob.sv/

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