Gender Quotas Database

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Senegal (Republic of Senegal)

Senegal (Republic of Senegal) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 69 of 165 (42%) seats in the Assemblée nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Mar 22, 2018

Single/Lower House

Assemblée nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 165
Total Women 69
% Women 42%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System Parallel
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Electoral Law 92-16 of 1992, as amended by law 2012-01 of 2012, Article L.145, mandates parity in all candidate lists for the general elections. Candidate lists must be composed of alternating male and female candidates. As Senegal has a parallel electoral system the provisions of parity apply to both the list of candidates submitted for seats elected through a proportional representation system and the seats contested through a majority system in multi-member constituencies. If the number of seats contested in a constituency is odd, the parity rule applies to the immediately lower odd number (e.g. in a multi-member constituency with 5 seats, a party must have at least 3 women in its list of 5 candidates).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Candidate lists which do not comply with the provisions of Article L.145 (parity and gender alternation) will not be admitted.

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

The 2012 amendment to the electoral law provides for alternation between female and male candidates on the electoral lists.

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Not applicable  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The electoral law mandates parity for all candidate lists for the regional, municipal and rural elections, with the provision that candidate lists must be composed of alternating candidates of both sexes. If the number of seats contested is odd, the parity rule applies to the immediately lower odd number (Articles L.229 (2), L.263 (2), L.294 (2) and R.81).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Candidate lists which do not comply with the gender parity and alternation provisions will not be admissible (Articles L.245 (2), L.279 (5), L.308 (2) and R.81).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

The 2012 amendment to the electoral law provides for alternation between female and male candidates on the electoral lists (Articles L.229 (2), L.263 (2), L.294 (2) and R.81).

Additional Information

On June 2010, Senegal adopted amendments to the election law introducing the requirement for gender parity in candidate lists for proportional and majority contests in legislative, regional, municipal and rural elections. Candidate lists, as well as alternative lists, are thus required to present an equal number of male and female candidates for national, municipal and local elections. Amendments also introduced the provision for a mandatory disqualification of those lists that do not comply with the parity principle. Electoral contestants will be given three days to revise their lists to comply with the requirement of gender parity. The 2012 legislative elections were the first to be held after the adoption of the quota provisions.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Aissata De Diop. 2002  ‘Les quotas en Africa francophone : Des débuts modestes’, in International IDEA. Les Femmes au parlement : Au-Delà du Nombre (Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers), International IDEA, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID) 2002. ‘Mission to Senegal Shows Women Solidarity is Essential’. Online. Available at: http://www.usaid.gov/gn/democracy/news/011108_senegalstudytrip/
  • Diop, A.S. 2001. ‘Senegalese Women Want To Be Elected Not Electors’, Panafrican News Agency (PANA), newswire 12 February.
  • Diaw, A.K. et al. 1999. Campagnes législative de 1998: Démocratie où-es-tu? Dakar: Conseil Sénégalais des femmes (Senegalese Women’s Council) (COSEF).
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Senegalese Parliament website, http://www.assemblee-nationale.sn/

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