Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Slovenia (Republic of Slovenia)

Slovenia (Republic of Slovenia) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 34 of 90 (38%) seats in the Drzavni Zbor / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 23, 2023

Single/Lower House

Drzavni Zbor / National Assembly

Total seats 90
Total Women 34
% Women 38%
Election Year 2022
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

‘In a list of candidates, no gender shall be represented by less than 35% of the actual total number of female and male candidates on the list. The provision of the preceding paragraph shall not apply to a list of candidates containing three male or three female candidates, since a list of candidates containing three candidates must contain at least one representative of the opposite sex.’(National Assembly Elections Act 2006, Articles 43:6 and 43:7).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the lists do not comply with this law, the electoral commission shall reject the list (Article 56).

Rank order/placement rules No


Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? Yes, funds earmarked for gender activities

Women organizations can obtain state subsidies to finance activities and projects related to women empowerment.

See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Drzavni Svet / National Council

Total seats 40
Total Women 7
% Women 18%
Election Year 2022
Electoral System
Quota Type No legislated>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: No legislated Electoral law  
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No data available
Rank order/placement rules No data available

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The electoral law adopted in 2005 introduced a quota system for local elections, with the quota set at 20% for the first elections (held in 2006) and then gradually increased to 30%for the 2010 election and 40% for the 2014 elections (Local Elections Act 2005, Article 70).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If the lists do not comply with this law, the electoral commission shall reject the list (Article 74).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

From the 2014 elections, the candidates in the first half of the lists must alternate by sex. During the transitional period up until 2014, it is regarded as sufficient that at least each third candidate is of the other sex (Article 70).

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Social Democrats Socialni Demokrati [SD] In 1992 the United List of Social Democrats introduced a firm 33 percent quota for both genders. In the 1996 election 42 percent of the party's candidates were women, but not even one of these got elected. The quota was changed from firm to soft in 1997, and the party has currently a 40 percent target. (In 2005 the party shortened it's name to Socialni Demokrati).
Democratic Party of Pensioners of Slovenia Demokratične Stranke Upokojencev Slovenije [DeSUS] The candidate bodies of the party are obliged to take into account, in addition to other criteria, the appropriate representation of candidates of both sexes (Article 53 of the Party Statute).
Slovenian National Party Slovenske Nacionalne Stranke [SNS] The composition of the membership by gender and by constituency shall be duly taken into account when running for office. There must be at least as many candidates (hereinafter referred to as candidates) on the list of candidates for each individual body. (Article 19 of the Party Statute)

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

The National Assembly comprises 90 deputies, of which 88 are elected from eight constituencies by proportional representation from open party lists. Each constituency is divided into 11 electoral districts and one deputy is elected per district. Voters may vote for only one candidate, rather than voting for the party’s entire candidate list. The remaining two deputies are elected by simple majority preferential vote from the Italian and the Hungarian national communities respectively. Parties must obtain at least 4 per cent of the valid votes cast in order to win a seat.

The National Assembly Elections Act adopted in 2006 contained transitional provisions applicable to the 2008 National Assembly elections, whereby party lists had to include at least 25 per cent female candidates. The number of women members in Slovenia’s parliament in 2008 increased only by one (therefore increasing the female membership in percentage from 12 per cent to 14 per cent compared to the previous election in 2004). In 2004, Slovenia’s parliament voted for a change to the Constitution allowing affirmative action in politics. In 2003, a 40 per cent quota for European Parliament elections was adopted by the parliament (including rank-order rules: at least one candidate of each sex figures in the first half of any list, and sanctions are applied for non-compliance).





Additional reading

Additional reading

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