Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Sudan (Republic of Sudan)

Sudan (Republic of Sudan) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 133 of 426 (31%) seats in the Majlis Watani / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House?
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 25, 2022

Single/Lower House

Majlis Watani / National Assembly

Total seats 426
Total Women 133
% Women 31%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System Parallel
Quota Type Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

According to Article 29 (2:b) of the 2008 National Election Act, ‘twenty five per cent of the women members shall be elected on the basis of proportional representation at the state level from separate and closed party lists’. Voters vote for only one women's list of their choice. Only parties whose women's lists clear the 4% threshold qualify to access seats reserved for women. Seats are allocated according to proportional representation among these parties. Furthermore, ‘the seats designated to women's lists shall be won by the candidates of those lists in the order their names appear in the list concerned from top to bottom’ (National Election Act 2008, Article 33 (7)).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules N/A Not applicable
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Not applicable

No direct public funding of political parties.

See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Additional Information


Following the independence of South Sudan in 2011, the mandates of the parliamentarians from the south in Sudan’s National Assembly were terminated and the statutory number of members was accordingly reduced from 450 to 354*. The sitting Assembly will end its five-year term with this reduced number of mandates in 2014. 

*Note: 354 is the total number of members of the National Assembly of Sudan following the independence of South Sudan in 2011 and the split from the National Assembly of the South Sudanese members.
*Note: The numerical parliamentary data is from the past parliament of Sudan which is suspended due to the coup d`état in April 2019. A new parliament is currently in the process of formation in Sudan.
*Note: The numerical parliamentary data is from the past parliament of Sudan which is suspended due to the coup d`état in October 2021.  





Additional reading

  • Arendt, C. (2018). From Critical Mass to Critical Leaders: Unpacking the Political Conditions behind Gender Quotas in Africa. Politics & Gender, 14(3), 295-322. doi:10.1017/S1743923X17000502

Additional reading

Africa | Global

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