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Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands)

Solomon Islands (Solomon Islands) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 2 of 50 (4%) seats in the National Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: May 13, 2019

Single/Lower House

National Parliament

Total seats 50
Total Women 2
% Women 4%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System FPTP
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law “A political party shall reserve for women at least ten per cent of the total number of candidates it selects and endorses to contest an election. [48. (1)]”; “Where the minimum number of women who have applied or agreed to be nominated as candidates of a political party is less than the number of women required by the political party to satisfy subsection (1), such a political party will not have contravened this section”. [48. (2)]
Political funding legislation

“…A political party that contest an election is entitled to…a temporary special measures grant of $10,000 payable annually for every woman elected into Parliament…” [58. (1) & (a)].

 “A woman elected as an independent candidate and chooses to remain as an independent Member of Parliament is not entitled to the temporary special measures grant payable under subsection (2).” [49 (4)]
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No None
Rank order/placement rules No data available
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No

Public funding is only provided to political parties for women MPs after they have been elected.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? Yes, other

 

Political parties recieve additional public funding if a female candidate is elected. 

 


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Additional Information

The Solomon Islands’ electoral system is based on a single member plurality system. It has recently enacted legislation that aims to increase the participation of women, through the Political Parties Integrity Act 2014.  The specific measure passed on the 27th of May 2014, “A political party shall reserve for women at least ten per cent of the total number of candidates it selects and endorses to contest an election. [48. (1)]” is a provision meant to ensure a minimum level of women’s participation as candidates for election to parliament. However, a very low threshold of required minimum number of women candidates and the absence of any sanctions in case of non-compliance with the gender quota rule weakens the effect of such a legislative measure.  This new financial incentive has not increased the amount of women as candidates in any substantial way. In the elections of 2010, only 25 out of 509 candidates (5 %) vying for parliamentary seats were women, subsequently none were elected (ipu.org). In the election of November 2014 only 26 women were nominated as candidates out of total 443 submitted candidates (6%) (IPU), and only 1 woman was elected to parliament. Thus, with only 2 % of women in parliament, Solomon Islands have one of the lowest levels of women’s representation in parliaments around the world. According to IPU, only three women in the country’s history have won parliamentary representation (ipu.org).

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