Gender Quotas Database

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Serbia (Republic of Serbia)

Serbia (Republic of Serbia) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 87 of 250 (35%) seats in the Narodna skupstina / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jan 23, 2023

Single/Lower House

Narodna skupstina / National Assembly

Total seats 250
Total Women 87
% Women 35%
Election Year 2022
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution

The Constitution of the Republic of Serbia states that ‘In the National Assembly, equality and representation of different genders and members of national minorities shall be provided, in accordance with Law’ (Article 100).

Electoral law

There must be at least 40% of members of the underrepresented gender on the electoral list (Law on the election of members of parliament, Art. 73, Amended in 2020). 

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

The Republic Electoral Commission shall reject, by its decision, to proclaim the electoral list if a person nominated as an MP candidate does not have the right to vote, or is listed as an MP candidate on a previously proclaimed electoral list, or is a leader of a previously proclaimed electoral list, if it is incompliant with the legal rules on gender representation on the electoral list, and if the name of the submitter of the electoral list and the name of the electoral list are not determined in accordance with the law (Law on the election of members of parliament, Art. 77, Amended in 2020). 

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Among every five candidates in the list according to their order (the first 25 five places, the next five places, and so on until the end) there must be three members of one and two members of the other gender (Law on the election of members of parliament, Art. 73, Amended in 2020). 

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

There must be at least 40% of members of the underrepresented gender on the electoral list (Law on local elections, Art. 41, amended in 2020). 

Legal sanctions for non-compliance
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Among every five candidates in the list according to their order (the first five places, the next five places, and so on until the end) there must be three members of one and two members of the other gender (Law on local elections, Art. 41, amended in 2020). 

Additional Information

In 2004, amendments to the law of parliamentary elections were adopted, including a gender quota at the national and sub-national levels. The law specified that lists of candidates should include at least 30 per cent of the under-represented gender, and that for every four candidates at least one should be of the under-represented gender (International IDEA 2004: 48–49). Following the 2011 amendments to the Law on Elections at both the national and sub-national levels, the law was amended so that for every three candidates at least one should be of the under-represented gender. Furthermore, the 2011 amendments introduced closed lists, meaning that members of parliament should be extracted from the list of candidates in the same order as they appear on the lists.

General elections were planned for April 2020. However, they have been postponed due to the coronavirus situation.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

  • Mrsevic, Zorica, Implementing Quotas: Legal Reform and Enforcement in Serbia and Montenegro, in International IDEA, The Implementation of Quotas: European Experiences, Quota Workshop Report Series (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2005)
  • UN Women, Serbia profile Country Fact Sheet | UN Women Data Hub
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union, IPU Parline Serbia 

 

Additional reading

Additional reading

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