Gender Quotas Database

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Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay)

Paraguay (Republic of Paraguay) has a Bicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 12 of 80 (15%) seats in the Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 24, 2019

Single/Lower House

Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats 80
Total Women 12
% Women 15%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas¤
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤ Constitution  
Electoral law

According to Article 32 [r] [1] of the Electoral Code, 1 in every 5 candidates in primary elections for parties and movements should be a woman (20%).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law No ranking orders provided. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No

the state subsidizes political parties no matter how they are composed.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Upper House

Cámara de Senadores / Senate

Total seats 45
Total Women 8
% Women 18%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas¤>
Election details IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤ Electoral law According to Article 32 [r] [1] of the Electoral Code, 1 in every 5 candidates in primary elections for parties and movements should be a woman.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law None. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas¤ Constitution  
Electoral law Parties are required to have internal party mechanisms to ensure that 1 in every 5 candidates in the parties and movement primaries list should be a woman (Article 32 [r] [1]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved for the election by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules Electoral law None. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
National Republic Association Asociación Nacional Republicana/Partido Colorado [ANR] ANR has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statues 2001, Article 72; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Authentic Radical Liberal Party Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico [PLRA] One third of candidates on electoral lists must be women (Party statutes 2006, Article 9; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
National Union of Ethical Citizens Partido Unión Nacional de Ciudadanos Éticos [UNACE] UNACE has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Party for a Country of Solidarity Partido País Solidario [PPS] PPS has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists. There is also a rank-order rule for the first third of places on electoral lists, stipulating that male and female candidates are placed alternately (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information


As part of the Electoral Code reform of 1996, the law providing for a 20 per cent quota for women on candidate lists for primaries of parties and movements was adopted. As the ranking order of the candidates is not regulated by law, and as the 20 per cent quota requirement only applies to candidate lists in parties’ internal elections and not the parties’ lists in the national or sub-national elections, the quota regulation has had a weak impact on the composition of the final lists.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Htun, Mala N. 2002. ‘Mujeres y poder político en Latinoamérica,’ in International IDEA, Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 19-44.
  • Htun, Mala N. and Mark P. Jones. 2002. ‘Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-Making: Electoral Quotas and Women's Leadership in Latin America.’ Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux(ed.) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave. pp. 32-56.
  • Peschard, Jacqueline. 2002. ‘El sistema de cuotas en América Latina. Panorama general,’ in International IDEA. Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 173-186.
  • Jimenez Polanco, Jacqueline. 2001. ‘La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine: une analyse comparée’ (Women's political representation in Latin America: a comparative analysis). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (ed.) La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 27-81.
  • Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas. 2001. Women and Power in the Americas: A Report Card. Washington: Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Chamber of Deputies website, http://www.diputados.gov.py/ww5// Senate website, http://www.senado.gov.py/

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