Gender Quotas Database

Country Data

EXPLORE QUOTA DATA    

 

Poland (Republic of Poland)

Poland (Republic of Poland) has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 134 of 460 (29%) seats in the Sejm / Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Upper House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 1, 2019

Single/Lower House

Sejm / Parliament

Total seats 460
Total Women 134
% Women 29%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Amendments to the Election Code adopted in January 2011 introduced legislated candidate quotas on electoral lists to the Sejm. ‘The number of candidates who are women cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list. The number of candidates who are men cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list’ (Article 211 (3))

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If a list falls short of meeting the quota requirement, ‘the commission shall request the person notifying the list to remove [the defect] within 3 days. In the case of defects not removed within the specified time, the commission decides to refuse to register the list in its entirety’ (Article 215 (5) ).

Rank order/placement rules No

None

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No data  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No data  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

‘The number of candidates who are women cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list. The number of candidates who are men cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list’ (Article 425 [3]). ‘For lists that include 3 candidates, there must be at least one candidate of each gender’ (Article 457 [2]).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

If a list falls short of meeting this requirement, ‘the commission shall request the person notifying the list to remove it within 3 days. In the case of defects not removed within the specified time, the commission decides to refuse to register the list in its entirety’ (Article 431).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

For lists that include 3 candidates, there must be at least one candidate of each gender (Article 1 (3) of the Amendment Act 134, January 2011).

Additional Information

The new regulations were adopted in 2011 to apply to any elections, including parliamentary elections (except the Senate), European Parliament elections and municipal elections, called after a six-month period from the date of entry into force of the new law.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

Additional reading

  • Fuszara, Malgorzata (2008): "Poland - One step forward, one step back: The Polish dance around a quota system", in Electoral Gender Quota Systems and Their Implementation in Europe. Report to the European Parliament by Drude Dahlerup and Lenita Freidenvall in co-operation with International IDEA. PE 408:309.
  • Jalusic, Vlasta and Milica Antic. 2000. Prospects for Gender Equality Policies in Central and Eastern Europe. Vienna: Institute for Human Sciences.
  • Siemienska, Renata. 2000. ‘Political Representation of Women and Mechanisms of its Creation in Poland.’ Paper presented at the Perspectives for Gender Equality Politics in Central and Eastern Europe Workshop. The Peace Institute, Ljubljana, May.
  • Regulska, Joanna. 1998. ‘Transitions to Local Democracy: Do Polish Women Have a Chance?’ Marilyn Rueschmeyer. (ed.). Women in the Politics of Post Communist Eastern Europe. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, Inc. pp. 33-63
  • Siemienska, Renata. 1998. ‘Consequences of Ecenomic and Political Changes for Women in Poland’  Jacquette,’ Jane and Sharon L. Wolchik (eds.). Women and Democracy. Latin America and Central and Eastern Europe. John Hopkins University Press, pp. 125-152.
  • Poland Parliament website, http://www.sejm.gov.pl/

Europe | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Poland? Tell us!

Comments

 

Do you have news concerning gender quotas for promoting
the equal participation and representation of women and men?
Please send them to us so that we can keep the information on this site up to date.

 

Contact Us