New Zealand (New Zealand) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 49 of 120 (41%) seats in the House of Representatives are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? No
- For the Sub-National Level?
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties? Yes
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: Apr 26, 2019
Voluntary Political Party Quotas*
|Party||Official name||Details, Quota provisions|
|The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand||The Green Party adopted a 50/50 % quota in 2015; “In Government, it will ensure half of all Green Cabinet Ministers are women”|
|Labour||The Moderating Committee must, in determining the list, ensure that for any percentage of the Party Vote likely to be obtained, and taking into account the electorate MPs likely to be elected with that level of Labour support, the resultant Caucus will comprise at least 50% women (Party constitution, article 8.47)|
* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.
- The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand , official website [Accessed: 26 April 2019]
- Labour, official website [Accessed: 26 April 2019]
- Curtin, Jennifer (2008) "Women, Political Leadership and Substantive Representation: the Case of New Zealand". Parliamentary Affairs, Vol. 61 No 3, 2008, 490-504, Advance Access Publication 16 March 2008