Gender Quotas Database

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Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua)

Nicaragua (Republic of Nicaragua) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 42 of 92 (46%) seats in the Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 24, 2018

Single/Lower House

Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly

Total seats 92
Total Women 42
% Women 46%
Election Year 2016
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Under Article 82 (4) of the 2000 Electoral Law (No. 331, as amended by Law No.790/2012), political parties or the coalition of political parties which participate in the National Assembly elections must include in their electoral lists 50% men and 50% women candidates.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No

None

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Lists of candidates shall be arranged on the basis of alternation between male and female candidates under a so-called zipper system (Article 82 (4)).

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

Political parties or the coalition of political parties which participate in the elections of municipal councils must include in their electoral lists 50% men and 50% women candidates (Article 82 (4)).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No

None

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

List of candidates shall be arranged on the basis of alternation between male and female candidates under a so-called zipper system (Article 82 (4)).

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Sandinista Front for National Liberation Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional [FSLN] FSLN has a 30 percent quota for women (Party statutes, Article 106; Samqui 2008, p. 8). PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8). FSLN has a 30 percent quota for women (Party statutes, Article 106; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Liberal and constitutionalist party Partido Liberal Constitutcionalista [PLC] PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8). PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Sandinista Renovation Movement Alianza del Movimiento Renovador Sandinista [MRS] Candidate lists must consist of at least 40 percent women and men, respectively (Party statutes, Article 7; Samqui 2008, p. 8). Candidate lists must consist of at least 40 percent women and men, respectively (Party statutes, Article 7; Samqui 2008, p. 8).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

Previously, the 2008 electoral law ensured gender equality in the exercise of civil and political rights at all levels, including the promotion of the measures necessary to increase women’s participation in the electoral processes at all levels.

Under the new law, political parties and civil society organizations shall seek the equal participation of women and men in decision-making positions and procedures, by ensuring that their statutes guarantee effective democratic participation in the election procedures of their authorities and candidates. This does not invalidate the academic, intellectual and ethical requirements, or the capacities and experience required to be candidates or applicants for these positions (Articles 8–12).

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

 

OTHER SOURCES:

 

 

 

  • Samqui, E. M., ‘Participación política de la mujeres: ¿caminamos o vamos dando traspiés?’ [Political participation of women: we walked or stumbled?], in B. Llanos and K. Sample (eds), Del dicho al hecho: manual de buenas practicas para la participación de mujeres en los partidos políticos latinoamericanos [From words to action: best practices for women’s participation in latin american political parties]] (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2008), accessed 24 April 2018

Additional reading

  • Htun, Mala N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Nicaraguan Parliament website, http://www.asamblea.gob.ni/

Americas | Global

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