Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Norway (Kingdom of Norway)

Norway (Kingdom of Norway) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 70 of 169 (41%) seats in the Stortinget / Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Feb 19, 2020

Single/Lower House

Stortinget / Parliament

Total seats 169
Total Women 70
% Women 41%
Election Year 2017
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Socialist Left Party Sosialistisk Venstreparti [SV] Since 1975, SV has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes on electoral lists (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).
Norwegian Labour Party Det Norske Arbeiderparti [DNA] In all election lists there is a 50 percent quota for both sexes, and both sexes shall be represented in the first two positions (Party Constitution, §12:9). Quotas first used in 1983 (Matland 2005).
Centre Party Senterpartiet [SP] There is a 40 percent quota for either sex in all elections and nominations, since 1989 (Laws of the Centre Party, §4:4).
Christian People's Party Kristelig Folkeparti [KrF] KrF has had a 40 percent quota for both sexes since 1993 (Freidenvall, et. al. 2006, p. 71).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information





Additional reading

  • Hagemann, G. 2003. Feminisme og historieskriving – inntrykk fra en reise, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Skjeie, H. 2003. ‘Særuttalelse: Demokrati, makt og menneskerettigheter’, in Sluttrapport fra Makt- og demokratiutredningen, NOU 2003: 19, Oslo: Statens forvaltningstjeneste, Informasjonsforvaltning, pp. 74–87.
  • Skjeie, H. and Teigen, M. 2003. Menn imellom. Mannsdominans og likestillingspolitikk,
    Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk.
  • Teigen, M. 2003. Kvotering og kontrovers, Oslo: Pax.
  • Narud, H.M., Pedersen, M.N. and Valen, H. (eds) 2002. Party Sovereignty and Citizen Control. Selecting Candidates for Parliamentary Elections in Denmark, Finland, Iceland and Norway, Odense: University Press of Southern Denmark.
  • Teigen, Mari. 2002. Kvotering og kontrovers. Virkemidler i likestillingpolitikken. Oslo: Institutt for samfunnsforskning.
  • Skjeie, Hege. 2001. ‘Quotas, Parity and the Discursive Dangers of Difference.’ Klausen, Jytte and Charles Maier (eds.) Has Liberalism Failed Women? Assuring Equal Representation in Europe and the United States. New York: Palgrave
  • Bergqvist, Christina (ed.). 1999. Equal Democracies? Gender and Politics in the Nordic Countries. Oslo: Scandinavian Universities and the Nordic Council of Ministers.
  • Christensen, Ann-Dorte. 1999. ‘Women in Political Parties.’ Christina Bergquist (ed). Equal Democracies? Gender and Politics in the Nordic Countries. Oslo: Scandinavian Universities and the Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Inhetveen, Katharina. 1999. ‘Can Gender Equality Be Institutionalized? The Role of Launching Values in Institutional Innovation.’ International Sociology. 14, no. 4. pp. 403-422.
  • Bacchi, Carol Lee. 1996. Politics of Affirmative Actions. Women, Equality and Category Politics. London: Sage.
  • Matland, R. and Studlar, D.T. 1996. ‘The Contagion of Women Candidates in Single-Member District and Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Canada and Norway’, The Journal of Politics, 58, 3: 707–33.
  • Bystydzienski, J.M. 1995. Women in Electoral Politics: Lessons from Norway, Westport: Praeger.
  • Raum, Nina Cecilie. 1995. ‘The Political Representation of Women: A Bird's Eye View’ in Karvonen, Lauri and Per Selle (eds). Women in Nordic Politics: Closing the Gap. Dartmouth, pp.25-55.
  • Matland, Richard E. 1993. ‘Institutional Variables Affecting Female Representation in National Legislatures: The Case of Norway.’ Journal of Politics. 55 (3). pp. 737-755.
  • Skjeie, Hege. 1993a. ‘Målrettet og tilfeldig: kvoteringspraksis og kvinnerepresentasjon på Stortinget’ (Intentional and accidental: The practice of quotas and women’s representation in the Norwegian Parliament). Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning 34, no. 5-6. pp. 479-486.
  • Skjeie, Hege. 1993b. ‘Ending the Male Political Hegemony: The Norwegian Experience.’ Lovenduski, Joni and Pippa Norris (eds.). Gender and Party Politics. London: Sage
  • Skjeie, H. 1992. Den politiske betydningen av kjønn: En studie av norsk topp-politikk,
    (The Political Significance of Gender: A Study of Norwegian Top Politics). Oslo: Institute for Social Research
  • Rokkan, S. 1987. Stat, nasjon, klasse, Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Hernes, H. 1982. Staten – kvinner ingen adgang? Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
  • Holter, H. 1981. ‘Om kvinneundertrykkelse, mannsundertrykelse og hersketeknikker’,
    in K. Andenaes, T. Johansen and T. Mathisen (eds) Maktens ansikter: perspektiver på makt og maktforskning, Oslo: Gyldendal, pp. 216–35.
  • Trojel, Lasse and Liss Nielsen. 1979. ‘Kønskvotering i det norske Storting?’ (Gender quotas in the Norwegian Parliament?). Kvinden og samfundet 95, no. 7. p. 4.
  • Norwegian Parliament website,

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