Gender Quotas Database

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Niger (Republic of Niger)

Niger (Republic of Niger) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 29 of 171 (17%) seats in the Assemblée nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 24, 2019

Single/Lower House

Assemblée nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 171
Total Women 29
% Women 17%
Election Year 2016
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Reserved seats
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

In parliamentary and local elections, the lists submitted by political parties, groups of political parties or groups of independent candidates should include candidates of both sexes. At the announcement of final results, the proportion of elected candidates of either sex should not be less than 10%’ (Article 3 of Law 2000/08 establishing a quota system for elected offices).

Any political party or group of independent candidates that obtains at least 3 seats in a constituency must ensure the implementation of the 10% quota requirement (Decree 2001-056/PRN/MDSP/PF/PE of 28 February 2001 on the application of the quota law).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Law establishing a quota system for elected offices

The Constitutional Court rejects the candidate lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements, and asks parties to correct them.

Rank order/placement rules No None
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No

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See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No

BLANK


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Reserved seats
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Reserved seats Constitution  
Electoral law

‘In parliamentary and local elections, the lists submitted by political parties, groups of political parties or groups of independent candidates should include candidates of both sexes. At the announcement of final results, the proportion of elected candidates of either sex, should not be less than 10%’ (Article 3 of Law 2000/08 establishing a quota system for elected offices). Any political party or group of independent candidates that obtains at least 3 seats in a constituency must ensure the implementation of the 10% quota requirement (Decree 2001-056/PRN/MDSP/PF/PE of 28 February 2001 on the application of the quota law).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Quota law

The Constitutional Court rejects the candidate lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements and requests parties to correct them.

Rank order/placement rules No None

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
National Movement for a Society in Development Mouvement National pour la Société de Développement [MNSD-NASSARA] Prior to multiparty elections in the 1990s, the MNSD set aside 5 seats for women through the quota system adopted by the party. In 1999 the party adopted a 10 percent quota for women on electoral lists (party statutes, article 93).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

The 10 per cent quota is applied to the total number of elected members on each list. If a political party or group of candidates obtains at least three seats in a constituency, it must adjust the number of its elected members in order to fulfil the 10 per cent quota requirement. In the 2011 legislative elections, political parties did the necessary adjustments through an internal process, before submitting to the Constitutional Council their final lists of elected candidates (European Union Electoral Observation Mission 2011: 21). In relation to public funding for political parties, the Ordinance on the Charter of Political Parties provides that the public funding of political parties is set at 0.30 per cent of annual tax revenues of the state. A total of 10 per cent of this fund is distributed among parties in proportion to the number of women elected by the quota at all levels.

In addition, according to the quota law, no less than 25 per cent of nominations for high-ranking government posts shall be given to persons of either sex.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

 

 

  • Décret no 2001-056/PRN/MDSP/PF/PE du 28 février 2001 portant application de la loi sur le quota [Decree no. 2001-056/PRN/MDSP/PF/PE of 28 February 2001 on the application of the quota law];

OTHER SOURCES:

 

 

Additional reading

  • Yoon, Mi Yung. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Democratization. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 169-190.
  • Niger Parliament website, http://www.assemblee.ne/

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