Gender Quotas Database

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Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique)

Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 99 of 250 (40%) seats in the Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • No

Last updated: Apr 24, 2019

Single/Lower House

Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic

Total seats 250
Total Women 99
% Women 40%
Election Year 2014
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Front for the Liberation of Mozambique Frente de Libertação de Moçambique [FRELIMO] FRELIMO has used gender quotas since 1994. The party's policy requires that 40% of candidates to national assembly and local government should be women. In addition, the quota system was accompanied by a commitment to balance the distribution of men and women through the list. Currently, FRELIMO holds 191 seats of a total of 250 in the national assembly, in effect a three-fourths majority.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

 

Sources

EISA; Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa https://www.eisa.org.za/wep/mozquotas.htm

SADC Gender Protocol 2011 Barometer http://www.genderlinks.org.za/article/sadc-gender-protocol-2011-barometer-2011-08-05
 

Additional reading

  • Yoon, Mi Yung. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Democratization. Vol. 8, no. 2. pp. 169-190.
  • Kethusegile, B. et al. 2000. Beyond Inequalities: Women in Southern Africa. Harare: SARDC.
  • Lowe-Morna, C. 2000. ‘Strategies for Increasing Women's Participation in Politics’, paper presented to the Fifth Meeting of Commonwealth Ministers Responsible for Women's Affairs.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Jacobson, R. 1996. ‘Genderand Democratisation: The Mozambican Election of 1994’, Internet Journal of African Studies, No.1.

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