Mozambique (Republic of Mozambique) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas. 99 of 250 (40%) seats in the Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? No
- For the Sub-National Level? No
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties? Yes
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: Apr 24, 2019
Voluntary Political Party Quotas*
|Party||Official name||Details, Quota provisions|
|Front for the Liberation of Mozambique||Frente de Libertação de Moçambique [FRELIMO]||FRELIMO has used gender quotas since 1994. The party's policy requires that 40% of candidates to national assembly and local government should be women. In addition, the quota system was accompanied by a commitment to balance the distribution of men and women through the list. Currently, FRELIMO holds 191 seats of a total of 250 in the national assembly, in effect a three-fourths majority.|
* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.
EISA; Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa https://www.eisa.org.za/wep/mozquotas.htm
SADC Gender Protocol 2011 Barometer http://www.genderlinks.org.za/article/sadc-gender-protocol-2011-barometer-2011-08-05
- Yoon, Mi Yung. 2001. ‘Democratization and Women's Legislative Representation in Sub-Saharan Africa’, Democratization. Vol. 8, no. 2. pp. 169-190.
- Kethusegile, B. et al. 2000. Beyond Inequalities: Women in Southern Africa. Harare: SARDC.
- Lowe-Morna, C. 2000. ‘Strategies for Increasing Women's Participation in Politics’, paper presented to the Fifth Meeting of Commonwealth Ministers Responsible for Women's Affairs.
- Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
- Jacobson, R. 1996. ‘Genderand Democratisation: The Mozambican Election of 1994’, Internet Journal of African Studies, No.1.