Maldives (Republic of Maldives) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas at the sub-national level. 4 of 87 (5%) seats in the Majlis / People's Majlis are held by women.
At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
- For the Single/Lower House? No
- For the Sub-National Level? Yes
Are there voluntary quotas...
- Adopted by political parties?
Is there additional information?...
Last updated: Aug 8, 2022
Quota at the Sub-National Level
- Quota type: Reserved seats
|Quota type: Reserved seats||Electoral law||
Amendments passed in 2019 to the Decentralisation Act included the provision of one third quota on all local councils to women (Decentralization Act, 8th Amendment ch.VI).
|Legal sanctions for non-compliance|
|Rank order/placement rules||No data available|
Electoral quotas for women had been introduced for the first time in Maldives in 2019, allocating 33 per cent of the local council seats to women. Enhanced gender representation in the judiciary was a top priority in the judicial reform agenda of the Government and today women judges were adjudicating over cases in all tiers of the Maldivian judiciary. The Government acknowledged the low rate of women representation in the current Parliament and would continue to bring the necessary legislative amendments to establish quotas for women within political parties’ internal elections.(OHCHR, 2021).
- Decentralization Act, 8th Amendment (Dhivehi version)
- Review of Electoral Legal Framework of the Maldives, 2020 (English version)
- Elections General Act, 2008 (English version)
- Constitution of the Republic of Maldives, 2008 (English version)
- UN Women Asia and the Pacific , Maldives Country Profile
- El-Horr, J., & Pande, R. P. (2016). Understanding gender in Maldives: Toward inclusive development. World Bank Publications.
- Asian Development Bank, Maldives Gender Equality Diagnostic of Selected Sectors (2014)