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Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius)

Mauritius (Republic of Mauritius) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas at the sub-national level. 8 of 69 (12%) seats in the Assemblee nationale / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? No
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Nov 8, 2018

Single/Lower House

Assemblee nationale / National Assembly

Total seats 69
Total Women 8
% Women 12%
Election Year 2014
Electoral System BV
Quota Type No legislated
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law ‘Three councilors of a Municipal City Council or Municipal Town Council shall be elected from each electoral ward under the simple majority system.’ Any group presenting more than 2 candidates in an electoral ward [for elections of councilors to Municipal City Council or Municipal Town Council] shall ensure that the candidates are not all of the same sex’ (Local Government Act 2011, Article 11.6) and ‘any group presenting more than two candidates at a Village council election shall ensure that not more than two-thirds of the group’s candidates are of the same sex’ (Local Government Act 2011, Article 12.6). In addition, a list of reserve candidates for the election of municipal city councillors, municipal town councillors or village councillors, for the purpose of filling any vacancy which may occur between 2 elections, shall not comprise ‘more than two-thirds of persons of the same sex and … not more than 2 consecutive candidates on the list shall be of the same sex’ (Article 18.5:b).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No  
Rank order/placement rules Local Government Act 'A list of reserve candidates for the election of municipal city councillors, municipal town councillors or village councillors, for the purpose of filling any vacancy which may occur between two elections, shall not comprise more than two-thirds of persons of the same sex and not more than 2 consecutive candidates on the list shall be of the same sex’ (Local Government Act 2011, Article 18.5:b).

Additional Information

The adoption of the 2011 Local Government Act marks a positive development for the promotion of gender equality in Mauritius. In line with the constitutional provisions for non-discrimination on grounds of sex, the provisions of the 2011 Local Government Act are formulated in a gender-neutral manner.

The legislated candidate quota provisions of the new Act were implemented for the first time at the December 2012 local government elections, resulting in a significant increase of the representation of women in village councils from 5.8 per cent to 25.5 per cent and from 12.5 per cent to 35.5 per cent in municipal councils.

Sources

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