Gender Quotas Database

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Mongolia (Mongolia)

Mongolia (Mongolia) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 13 of 75 (17%) seats in the Ulsyn Ikh Khural / State Great Hural are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Jun 23, 2021

Single/Lower House

Ulsyn Ikh Khural / State Great Hural

Total seats 75
Total Women 13
% Women 17%
Election Year 2020
Electoral System BV
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law

76 members of the State Great Hural shall be elected through the election of the State Great Hural from 76 single mandate constituencies (Law on Election, article 120.2). According to Article 126.2 of the Law on Election, last amended in 2016, at least 20 percent of candidates nominated by a party or coalition shall be represented by one gender. 

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No  
Rank order/placement rules No None
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law For local council elections, at least 30% of the candidates on political parties’ lists must be women.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance No None
Rank order/placement rules No None

Additional Information

The percentage of women is calculated from the current number of seats occupied in the parliament. The State Great Hural has 76 statutory seats. 

In the 2012 elections, the 20 per cent legislated candidate quota for women was applied for the first time. The law does not provide a ranking order pertaining to the placement of the required 20 per cent of women candidates in parties' candidate lists. However, the Law on Election of the Parliament (the State Great Hural) does require parties to determine the candidate lists through 'a secret ballot and majority vote based on democratic principles in a party congress' and 'to arrange no more than 48 candidates in order of districts and no more than 28 candidates in order of the number and percentage of votes obtained by each candidates in the meeting of a party held to determine the composition of a candidate list (Article 27.4 and 27.5.4). As a result of this reform, although only 11 (14 per cent) women were elected, it marked an improvement from the previous elections, where only three (4 per cent) women were elected.

The Election Law was amended in 2016, shortly before the last elections were held. The parliament amended the electoral system to move from multi- to single-member constituencies increasing the number of constituencies from 26 to 76, moving to a fully majoritan system.  The gender quota was also initially set out to be at 30 % in the new electoral law, however in May 2016 it was reduced to 20 per cent (OSCE/ODIHR 2016). 

 

Sources

Additional reading

  • Munkhzul. A (2020). "Female MPs to partner in increasing women’s participation at decision-making level". Montsame. Found at: https://montsame.mn/en/read/234142. Accessed March 2021.
  • Asian Development Bank (2019). "Mongolia Gender Situational Analysis: Advances, Challenges and Lessons Learnt Since 2005". Report is written by: The gender consulting team under the “gender-responsive sector and local development policies and actions”. Found at: https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/project-documents/50093/50093-001-dpta-en.pdf. Accessed March 2021.
  • United Nations (2020), "Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Tenth periodic report submitted by Mongolia under article 18 of the Convention, due in 2020*". Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women. Found at: http://docstore.ohchr.org/SelfServices/FilesHandler.ashx?enc=6QkG1d%2FPPRiCAqhKb7yhsgOTxO5cLIZ0CwAvhyns%2ByK4vYOZ5u6e%2F8kU7OL8Fy6ZHozyuehSHcwn94Dz1zAy%2FWe4spnOZCTKPhQ7lkYDt1S6o0A3S7e0kkSHppa1MZit. Accessed March 2021.

Additional reading

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