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Montenegro (Montenegro)

Montenegro (Montenegro) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 19 of 81 (23%) seats in the Skupstina / Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 24, 2019

Single/Lower House

Skupstina / Parliament

Total seats 81
Total Women 19
% Women 23%
Election Year 2016
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law

Parliamentary elections are held according to the proportional representation system with closed-lists, in a single nation-wide constituency. Article 39a of the Law on Election of Councilors and Representatives requires that there shall be no less than 30% of candidates of the less represented gender in the candidate lists.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Article 39 a (2) and (3) of the Law on Election of Councilors and Representatives states that: Candidate lists not meeting the requirements referred to in paras. 1 and 2 of this Article shall be deemed to contain shortcomings in respect of its publishing, and the list submitting entity shall be invited to remove the shortcomings from the list, in conformity with this Law. The election commission shall refuse to publish candidate lists of candidate list submitting entities that do not remove shortcomings referred to in para.3 of this Article, in conformity with this Law.

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

Among each four candidates in the candidate list order (the first four places, the second four places and so on until the end of the list) there shall be at least one candidate who is a member of the underrepresented sex (article 39a:2).

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Electoral law

Article 39a (1) of the Law on Election of Councilors and Representatives requires that there shall be no less than 30% of candidates of the less represented gender in the candidate list.

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Article 39 a (2) and (3) of the Law on Election of Councilors and Representatives states that: Candidate lists not meeting the requirements referred to in paras. 1 and 2 of this Article shall be deemed to contain shortcomings in respect of its publishing, and the list submitting entity shall be invited to remove the shortcomings from the list, in conformity with this Law. The election commission shall refuse to publish candidate lists of candidate list submitting entities that do not remove shortcomings referred to in para.3 of this Article, in conformity with this Law.

Rank order/placement rules No

None

Additional Information

In 2011, the electoral law was amended to include a 30 per cent quota for either gender (OSCE/ODIHR Limited Election Observation Mission 2012: 5). In the 2012 parliamentary elections, the 30 per cent quota regulation was implemented for the first time, resulting in a significant increase in the number of female candidates, from 14.7 per cent in the previous elections, to 31 per cent of all candidates in the 2012 parliamentary elections. The quota requirements were met but as the order of the candidates is not specified in the law, only 14 (17 per cent) women were elected.

 

In 2014, an amendment was introduced to the electoral law, stipulating that when the term of office of an MP of the less represented gender ends, the next candidate on the electoral list of the less represented gender is to be elected to replace the MP.
 In 2016, the law was further amended however no  changes were made to the substance of the articles referring to the legsilated candidate quotas. 

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

OTHER SOURCES:

 

 

 

 

 

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