Gender Quotas Database

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Moldova, Republic of (Republic of Moldova)

Moldova, Republic of (Republic of Moldova) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 26 of 101 (26%) seats in the Parlament / Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 23, 2019

Single/Lower House

Parlament / Parliament

Total seats 101
Total Women 26
% Women 26%
Election Year 2019
Electoral System Parallel
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The lists of candidates for parliamentary and local elections shall be concluded by observing the minimum representation shared of 40% for both sexes (Electoral Code, article 46 (3)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

The lists of candidates shall be prepared and/or amended in compliance with the provisions set in Article 46(3). Failure to comply with the conditions set in paragraph (2) shall induce the refusal to register the lists of candidates by the respective election body. (Electoral Code, article 137: 2-3)

Rank order/placement rules No data available
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes

Political parties that will respect the quota of at least 40% of women candidates submitted to uninominal constituencies will benefit from an increase of the budget support of at least 10% of the amount allocated of that party and a multiplication factor for each female candidate elected in the uninominal constituency according to the legislation on political parties and procedure established by the Central Electoral Commission.


See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Quota at the Sub-National Level

  • Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The lists of candidates for parliamentary and local elections shall be concluded by observing the minimum representation shared of 40% for both sexes (Electoral Code, article 46 (3)

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

The lists of candidates shall be prepared and/or amended in compliance with the provisions set in Article 46(3). Failure to comply with the conditions set in paragraph (2) shall induce the refusal to register the lists of candidates by the respective election body. (Electoral Code, article 137: 2-3)

Rank order/placement rules No data available

Additional Information

On 14 April 2016, Law No. 71 says that women and men must each make up a minimum of 40 per cent of every political party’s candidates and of cabinet nominees. 

 

In 1997 there was an initiative by two women MPs to introduce a provision in the electoral code requiring a minimum quota of 30 percent for women on party candidate lists. This initiative was not adopted. Upon drafting the new law on political parties there was a proposal to introduce a certain quota for women as one of their requirements for registration of parties. This initiative also failed.

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES

 

OTHER SOURCES

Additional reading

  • Association for Participatory Democracy (Adept), ‘Elections 2005 in Moldova’, http://www.elections2005.md/
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997a. Men and Women in Politics: Democracy Still in the Making:  A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Republic of Moldova Parliament website, http://www.parlament.md/

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