Gender Quotas Database

Country Data



Luxembourg (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg)

Luxembourg (Grand Duchy of Luxembourg) has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 20 of 60 (33%) seats in the Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? Yes

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Aug 2, 2022

Single/Lower House

Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats 60
Total Women 20
% Women 33%
Election Year 2018
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

The lists of the political parties must include at least 24 (out of 60) candidates of each sex (Ch. II. art. 2.3, Law of December 15, 2016).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance No data available
Rank order/placement rules No data available
Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? Yes

The allocation to a political party of the amount of the endowment, provided for in the preceding paragraph 1, point 2, is subject to the  condition of having presented, for the legaslative elections, lists comprising at least 24 candidates of each sex (Ch. II, Art. 2.3, Electoral Law). 

See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

Party Official name Details, Quota provisions
Christian Social People's Party Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei [CSV] The party is targeting a 40percent quota for women on their party lists.
The Left Déi Lénk The party applies a 50 percent quota in the party body and on the electoral lists.
The Green Party Déi Gréng/Les Verts The party seeks to apply parity in party bodies, positions and on lists.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional Information

In 2016, a majority of the government of Luxembourg voted to constitute a gender quota in the electoral act. 'A new law adopted on 15 December 2016 ensures that political parties meet a minimum 40-per-cent quota for women in their lists for national elections and a 50-per-cent quota for European elections.' However, the law is predicted to be implemented in 2019 and hence was not implemented in the parliamentary elections of 2018. 


In 2016 Luxembourg introduced a law which states 40% of politicians on lists for legislative and European elections should be women, to improve political parity at a national level. Parties which do not comply with the quota are financially penalised through the amount of state funding they receive. Parties with a less than 30% female representation on their electoral lists risk losing 75% of the government's financial support (Luxembourg Times, 2018).





Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Luxembourg on iKNOW Politics
  • Luxembourg's government website
  • Le Gouvernement Du Grand-Duché De Luxembourg, "Making Gender Equality a Reality: Gender Equality Plan 2015-2018" Accessed 25 October 2018
  • Le Gouvernement Du Grand-Duché De Luxembourg, "Making Gender Equality a Reality: Gender Equality Plan 2015-2018"

Additional reading

Europe | Global

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