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Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic)

Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic) has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house. 23 of 120 (19%) seats in the Jogorku Kenesh / Supreme Council are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • For the Single/Lower House? Yes
  • For the Sub-National Level? No

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Adopted by political parties? No

Is there additional information?...

  • Yes

Last updated: Apr 16, 2019

Single/Lower House

Jogorku Kenesh / Supreme Council

Total seats 120
Total Women 23
% Women 19%
Election Year 2015
Electoral System List PR
Quota Type Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details IDEA Voter Turnout - IPU Parline
  Legal source Details
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas Constitution  
Electoral law

As amended in 2011, the Electoral Law specifies a 30% quota for either sex on electoral lists (Code on Elections, Article 60 (3)).

Legal sanctions for non-compliance Electoral law

Lists that fail to meet the quota requirement will be rejected by the Electoral Commission (Article 61 (3)).

Rank order/placement rules Electoral law

No more than 3 positions can separate men and women (Code on Elections 2011, Article 60 (3)).

Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties related to gender equality among candidates? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database
Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties? No  
See more in International IDEA's Political Finance database

Additional Information

In the 2005 elections, during which the country moved from a bicameral to a unicameral parliament with a majority/plurality electoral system, no women were elected to parliament. In 2007, the number of seats in the chamber was increased from 75 to 90, and the electoral system was changed to proportional representation.

In the new 2010 Constitution, the electoral system was further reformed. Under the new system, 120 members of parliament are elected in one nationwide constituency. Seats are distributed to parties in proportion to the share of votes they obtain. However, no party can win over 65 seats. Vacant seats are filled by ‘next-in-line’ candidates of the same party.

Sources

Asia | Global

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